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Personalized medicine

Section edited by Lotfi Chouchane

This section aims to provide a platform for research that will revolutionize patient care through the use of novel molecular predisposing screening, diagnostic, prognostic and pharmacogenomics. Advances in human genome research are opening the door to a new paradigm for practicing medicine that promises to transform healthcare. Personalized medicine will impact the way that medicine is practiced.

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  1. Content type: Research

    The CYP2C19 nonfunctional genotype reduces clopidogrel effectiveness after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Following clinical implementation of CYP2C19 genotyping at University Florida (UF) Health Shand...

    Authors: Larisa H. Cavallari, Francesco Franchi, Fabiana Rollini, Latonya Been, Andrea Rivas, Malhar Agarwal, D. Max Smith, Kimberly Newsom, Yan Gong, Amanda R. Elsey, Petr Starostik, Julie A. Johnson and Dominick J. Angiolillo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:92

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  2. Content type: Research

    Cytarabine arabinoside (Ara-C) has been the core of chemotherapy for adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Ara-C undergoes a three-step phosphorylation into the active metabolite Ara-C triphosphosphate (ara-CTP)...

    Authors: Ke-Wei Zhu, Peng Chen, Dao-Yu Zhang, Han Yan, Han Liu, Li-Na Cen, Yan-Ling Liu, Shan Cao, Gan Zhou, Hui Zeng, Shu-Ping Chen, Xie-Lan Zhao and Xiao-Ping Chen

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:90

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  3. Content type: Research

    Primary pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma (PEAC) is an extremely rare variant of invasive lung cancer. It is highly heterogeneous while shares some common morphologic and immunohistochemical features with usual...

    Authors: Ming Chen, Pu Liu, Feifei Yan, Suzhen Xu, Qi Jiang, Jingying Pan, Mengye He and Peng Shen

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:81

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  4. Content type: Research

    Breast cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women. MicroRNAs play a key role in breast cancer development and progression. microRNA(miR)-8...

    Authors: Yujing Gao, Hongning Ma, Chanchan Gao, Ye Lv, XueHua Chen, Rongrong Xu, Miao Sun, Xinrui Liu, Xiaohong Lu, Xiuying Pei and Pu Li

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:38

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  5. Content type: Review

    While the promise of the Human Genome Project provided significant insights into the structure of the human genome, the complexities of disease at the individual level have made it difficult to utilize –omic i...

    Authors: Patrick J. Silva, Valerie M. Schaibley and Kenneth S. Ramos

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:28

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  6. Content type: Research

    Breast cancer brain metastases (BCBM) develop in about 20–30% of breast cancer (BC) patients. BCBM are associated with dismal prognosis not at least due to lack of valuable molecular therapeutic targets. The a...

    Authors: Hans-Juergen Schulten, Mohammed Bangash, Sajjad Karim, Ashraf Dallol, Deema Hussein, Adnan Merdad, Fatma K. Al-Thoubaity, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Awatif Jamal, Fahad Al-Ghamdi, Hani Choudhry, Saleh S. Baeesa, Adeel G. Chaudhary and Mohammed H. Al-Qahtani

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:269

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  7. Content type: Review

    Since the establishment of the Sanger sequencing method, scientists around the world focused their efforts to progress in the field to produce the utmost technology. The introduction of next-generation sequenc...

    Authors: Filippo Del Vecchio, Valentina Mastroiaco, Antinisca Di Marco, Chiara Compagnoni, Daria Capece, Francesca Zazzeroni, Carlo Capalbo, Edoardo Alesse and Alessandra Tessitore

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:246

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  8. Content type: Research

    To evaluate the diagnostic value of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET-CT with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) for lymph node (LN) staging in patients with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) underg...

    Authors: Qing Zhang, Shiming Zang, Chengwei Zhang, Yao Fu, Xiaoyu Lv, Qinglei Zhang, Yongming Deng, Chuan Zhang, Rui Luo, Xiaozhi Zhao, Wei Wang, Feng Wang and Hongqian Guo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:230

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  9. Content type: Research

    Exercise of patients with intermittent claudication improves walking performance. Exercise does not usually increase blood flow, but seems to increase muscle mitochondrial enzyme activities. Although exercise ...

    Authors: Michel van Schaardenburgh, Martin Wohlwend, Øivind Rognmo and Erney J. R. Mattsson

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:130

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  10. Content type: Research

    Genetic analysis of advanced cancer is limited by availability of representative tissue. Biopsies of prostate cancer metastasized to bone are invasive with low quantity of tumor tissue. The prostate cancer gen...

    Authors: Justin Lack, Marc Gillard, Maggie Cam, Gladell P. Paner and David J. VanderWeele

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:44

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  11. Content type: Research

    Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal brain tumor in adults, highlighting the need for novel treatment strategies. Patient derived xenografts (PDX) represent a valuable tool to accomplish...

    Authors: Doreen William, Christina Susanne Mullins, Björn Schneider, Andrea Orthmann, Nora Lamp, Mathias Krohn, Annika Hoffmann, Carl-Friedrich Classen and Michael Linnebacher

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:27

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  12. Content type: Research

    There is lack of evidence about systemic treatment of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) relapsing after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. There is also lack of biomarkers able to ...

    Authors: Filippo Pietrantonio, Rosa Berenato, Claudia Maggi, Marta Caporale, Massimo Milione, Federica Perrone, Elena Tamborini, Dario Baratti, Shigeki Kusamura, Luigi Mariani, Monica Niger, Alessia Mennitto, Annunziata Gloghini, Ilaria Bossi, Giulio Settanni, Adele Busico…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:125

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  13. Content type: Research

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease with different molecular characteristics associated with many variables such as the sites from which the tumors originate or the presence or absence of chromo...

    Authors: Ashraf Dallol, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mahmoud Shaheen Al-Ahwal, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Osama Bajouh, Shadi Al-Khayyat, Rania Alam, Atlal Abusanad, Rola Turki, Aisha Elaimi, Hani A. Alhadrami, Mohammed Abuzenadah, Huda Banni, Mohammed H. Al-Qahtani and Adel M. Abuzenadah

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:118

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  14. Content type: Research

    Targeted anti-HER2 therapy has greatly improved the prognosis for many breast cancer patients. However, treatment for HER2 negative disease is currently still selected from a multitude of untargeted chemothera...

    Authors: Kathrin Halfter, Oliver Hoffmann, Nina Ditsch, Mareike Ahne, Frank Arnold, Stefan Paepke, Dieter Grab, Ingo Bauerfeind and Barbara Mayer

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:112

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  15. Content type: Meeting report

    The 6th Pan Arab Human Genetics Conference (PAHGC), “Genetics of Multifactorial Disorders” was organized by the Center for Arab Genomic Studies (http://​www.​cags.​org.​ae

    Authors: Pratibha Nair, Sami Bizzari, Nirmal Rajah, Nada Assaf, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali and Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:96

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  16. Content type: Research

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women characterized by a high variable clinical outcome among individuals treated with equivalent regimens and novel targeted therapies. In this study, we performed a...

    Authors: Massimiliano Cocca, Davide Bedognetti, Martina La Bianca, Paolo Gasparini and Giorgia Girotto

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:22

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  17. Content type: Research

    The mechanisms by which varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation causes postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a debilitating chronic pain condition, have not been fully elucidated. Based on previous studies identifyi...

    Authors: Ahmad Bayat, Peter D. Burbelo, Sarah K. Browne, Mark Quinlivan, Bianca Martinez, Steven M. Holland, Asokumar Buvanendran, Jeffrey S. Kroin, Andrew J. Mannes, Judith Breuer, Jeffrey I. Cohen and Michael J. Iadarola

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:333

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  18. Content type: Research

    Treatment with TNF inhibitors is very efficient in the majority of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but it does not achieve a sufficient treatment response in 40–50% of the cases. Goal of the study...

    Authors: Undine Meusch, Marco Krasselt, Manuela Rossol, Christoph Baerwald, Maria Klingner and Ulf Wagner

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:256

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  19. Content type: Research

    Personalized chemotherapy based on predictive biomarkers can maximize efficacy. However, tumor tissue obtained at the time of initial diagnosis will not reflect genetic alterations observed at the time of dise...

    Authors: Jie Shen, Jia Wei, Wenxian Guan, Hao Wang, Yitao Ding, Xiaoping Qian, Lixia Yu, Zhengyun Zou, Li Xie, Carlota Costa, Trever Bivona, Rafael Rosell and Baorui Liu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:355

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  20. Content type: Research

    Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection is the major cause of cervical cancer worldwide. With limited data available on HPV prevalence in the Arab countries, this study aimed to identify the prevalence and genot...

    Authors: Devendra Bansal, Asha A Elmi, Sini Skariah, Pascale Haddad, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Aysha H Al Hamadi, Nady Mohamed-Nady, Nahla M Affifi, Randa Ghedira, Elham Hassen, Asma AJ Al-Thani, Afaf AHM Al-Ansari and Ali A Sultan

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:300

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