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Immunobiology and immunotherapy

Section edited by Alessandra Cesano

This section aims to enrich the communication between basic biological and immunological sciences and the clinical investigation arena.

As immunology has evolved to be a central discipline connected to a wide range of therapeutic areas, the number and diversity of platform technologies has also increased, spanning small molecules, biologics, microbial vectors and cells. Such levels of activity require appropriate means to share new knowledge and to catalyze the development of the field. This section aims to provide such a platform and welcomes submissions across all disciplines, including inflammation, autoimmunity, transplantation, metabolic disorders.

The section was founded with the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) under the title "Tumor immunology and biological cancer therapy" and Edited by Pedro Romero.

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  1. Content type: Research

    At present, immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab, are widely used in the therapy of advanced non-resectable melanoma, as they induce more durable responses than other available treatments. Howev...

    Authors: Neta Tsur, Yuri Kogan, Evgenia Avizov-Khodak, Désirée Vaeth, Nils Vogler, Jochen Utikal, Michal Lotem and Zvia Agur

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:338

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  2. Content type: Research

    Medulloblastoma (MB), the most common pediatric brain cancer, presents with a poor prognosis in a subset of patients with high risk disease, or at recurrence, where current therapies are ineffective. Cord bloo...

    Authors: Allison B. Powell, Sridevi Yadavilli, Devin Saunders, Stacey Van Pelt, Elizabeth Chorvinsky, Rachel A. Burga, Shuroug Albihani, Patrick J. Hanley, Zhenhua Xu, Yanxin Pei, Eric S. Yvon, Eugene I. Hwang, Catherine M. Bollard, Javad Nazarian and Conrad Russell Y. Cruz

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:321

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  3. Content type: Research

    Despite major advances in rheumatoid arthritis outcome, not all patients achieve remission, and there is still an unmet need for new therapeutic approaches. This study aimed at evaluating in a pre-clinical mur...

    Authors: Céline Coppard, Francis Bonnefoy, Dalil Hannani, Françoise Gabert, Olivier Manches, Joel Plumas, Sylvain Perruche and Laurence Chaperot

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:312

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  4. Content type: Research

    Calcium oxalate (CaOx), the major constituent of most kidney stones, induces inflammatory infiltration and injures renal tubular cells. However, the role of γδT cells in CaOx-mediated kidney injury remains unc...

    Authors: Chao Zhu, Qing Liang, Yaqun Liu, Deliang Kong, Jie Zhang, Hu Wang, Kejia Wang and Zhiyong Guo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:278

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  5. Content type: Research

    ACAM2000, a thymidine kinase (TK)-positive strain of vaccinia virus, is the current smallpox vaccine in the US. Preclinical testing demonstrated potent oncolytic activity of ACAM2000 against several tumor type...

    Authors: Boris R. Minev, Elliot Lander, John F. Feller, Mark Berman, Bernadette M. Greenwood, Ivelina Minev, Antonio F. Santidrian, Duong Nguyen, Dobrin Draganov, Mehmet O. Killinc, Anna Vyalkova, Santosh Kesari, Edward McClay, Gabriel Carabulea, Francesco M. Marincola, Lisa H. Butterfield…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:271

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  6. Content type: Review

    Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disorder and represents the leading cause of food impaction. The pathogenesis of EoE is the result of an interplay between genetic, envi...

    Authors: Elena Cavalli, Andrea Brusaferro, Elena Sofia Pieri, Rita Cozzali, Edoardo Farinelli, Gian Luigi de’ Angelis and Susanna Esposito

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:262

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  7. Content type: Research

    The pleiotropic cytokine, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in actively suppressing antitumor immune responses. Evidence shows that TGF-β prod...

    Authors: Magdalena J. Polanczyk, Edwin Walker, Daniel Haley, Bella S. Guerrouahen and Emmanuel T. Akporiaye

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:219

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  8. Content type: Research

    Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) are intracellular sensors of pathogens and molecules from damaged cells to regulate the inflammatory response in the innate immune system. ...

    Authors: Luo-Yi Wang, Xiao-Jing Sun, Min Chen and Ming-Hui Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:197

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  9. Content type: Research

    Current syphilis tests cannot distinguish between active and past syphilis among patients with serofast rapid plasma reagin (RPR) titers. We investigated whether cytokine profiles might provide insight in the ...

    Authors: N. Kojima, J. C. Siebert, H. Maecker, Y. Rosenberg-Hasson, S. R. Leon, S. K. Vargas, K. A. Konda, C. F. Caceres and J. D. Klausner

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:196

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  10. Content type: Research

    Gastric cancer (GC) remains a refractory cancer worldwide. Currently, exploring the differences of the immune status in GC patients with different subgroups might provide promising immunotherapeutic approaches...

    Authors: Xu Liu, Danhua Xu, Chen Huang, Yixian Guo, Shuchang Wang, Chunchao Zhu, Jia Xu, Zizhen Zhang, Yanying Shen, Wenyi Zhao and Gang Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:192

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  11. Content type: Research

    Patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) are protected against invasive bacterial infections due to IgG replacement therapy, but are still at higher risk for mucosal infections of the gut and respirator...

    Authors: Jeroen D. Langereis, Joannes F. M. Jacobs, Marien I. de Jonge and Marcel van Deuren

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:174

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  12. Content type: Research

    Helios is important for functional and phenotype stability of regulatory T cells (Tregs). However, the role of Helios in autoimmune diseases and its regulation remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate ...

    Authors: Yi Li, Shumei Yang, Zhibin Li, Huanyu Meng, Wanling Jin, Huan Yang and Weifan Yin

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:168

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  13. Content type: Research

    The tumor-associated microenvironment plays important roles in tumor progression and drug resistance. However, systematic investigations of macrophage–tumor cell interactions to identify novel macrophage-relat...

    Authors: Xiaoqiang Sun, Xiaoping Liu, Mengxue Xia, Yongzhao Shao and Xiaohua Douglas Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:159

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  14. Content type: Research

    The onset of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been shown to be associated with several immunological conditions such as infections or atopy. The aim of this study was to clarify the risk of chronic fatigue s...

    Authors: Shin-Yi Tsai, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chi Chen, Chon-Fu Lio, Chien-Feng Kuo, Kam-Hang Leong, Yu-Ting Tina Wang, Tse-Yen Yang, Ching-Hui You and Wei-Sheng Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:154

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  15. Content type: Research

    Targeting new molecular pathways leading to Osteoporosis (OP) and Osteoarthritis (OA) is a hot topic for drug discovery. Clusterin (CLU) is a glycoprotein involved in inflammation, proliferation, cell death, n...

    Authors: S. Pucci, C. Greggi, C. Polidoro, M. C. Piro, M. Celi, M. Feola, E. Gasbarra, R. Iundusi, F. Mastrangeli, G. Novelli, A. Orlandi and U. Tarantino

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:118

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  16. Content type: Research

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disease characterized by upregulation of inflammatory cell death and osteoclastogenesis. Necrostatin (NST)-1s is a chemical inhibitor of recepto...

    Authors: Jooyeon Jhun, Seung Hoon Lee, Se-Young Kim, Jaeyoon Ryu, Ji Ye Kwon, Hyun Sik Na, KyoungAh Jung, Su-Jin Moon, Mi-La Cho and Jun-Ki Min

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:84

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  17. Content type: Research

    The morbidity of nephrolithiasis is 2–3 times higher in males than in females, suggesting that androgen plays a key role in nephrolithiasis. The death of renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) is an important p...

    Authors: Yonghan Peng, Ziyu Fang, Min Liu, Zeyu Wang, Ling Li, Shaoxiong Ming, Chaoyue Lu, Hao Dong, Wenhui Zhang, Qi Wang, Rong Shen, Fei Xie, Weitao Zhang, Cheng Yang, Xiaofeng Gao and Yinghao Sun

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:62

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  18. Content type: Review

    In 1975, Milstein and Köhler revolutionized the medical world with the development of the hybridoma technique to produce monoclonal antibodies. Since then, monoclonal antibodies have entered almost every branc...

    Authors: Lien Van Hoecke and Kenny Roose

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:54

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  19. Content type: Research

    Immunology research, particularly next generation sequencing (NGS) of the immune T-cell receptor β (TCRβ) repertoire, has advanced progression in several fields, including treatment of various cancers and auto...

    Authors: Shang-Gin Wu, Wenjing Pan, Hongna Liu, Miranda L. Byrne-Steele, Brittany Brown, Mollye Depinet, Xiaohong Hou, Jian Han and Song Li

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:47

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  20. Content type: Research

    Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is characterized by an inflammatory process in which T cell plays a key role. However, the profile of immune microenvironment in AMI is still uncertain. High-throughput sequen...

    Authors: Dan Li, Longgang Hu, Qing Liang, Cuijuan Zhang, Yunzhen Shi, Bin Wang and Kejia Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:40

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  21. Content type: Research

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of pathogenic autoantibodies associated with polyclonal B cell hyperreactivity. Previous study reported that ...

    Authors: Meiyu Zhang, Chengcheng Yao, Jun Cai, Shuai Liu, Xia-nan Liu, Yingying Chen, Shujun Wang, Ping Ji, Meng Pan, Zizhen Kang and Ying Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:37

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  22. Content type: Research

    Tissue expansion is a procedure that promotes skin regeneration by mechanical stretch. During the stress and relaxation cycle, the skin undergoes a repeated microtrauma which triggers an immune response leadin...

    Authors: Jianke Ding, Lei Lei, Shiqiang Liu, Yu Zhang, Zhou Yu, Yingjun Su and Xianjie Ma

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:36

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  23. Content type: Research

    Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is chronic inflammatory arthritis, and interleukin (IL)-17 is crucial in SpA pathogenesis. Type 17 helper T (Th17) cells are one of major IL-17-secreting cells. Signal transducer and ac...

    Authors: Hong-Ki Min, JeongWon Choi, Seon-Yeong Lee, Hyeon-Beom Seo, KyungAh Jung, Hyun Sik Na, Jun-Geol Ryu, Seung-Ki Kwok, Mi-La Cho and Sung-Hwan Park

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:18

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  24. Content type: Research

    we have recently shown that Tel-eVax, a genetic vaccine targeting dog telomerase (dTERT) and based on Adenovirus (Ad)/DNA Electro-Gene-Transfer (DNA–EGT) technology can induce strong immune response and increa...

    Authors: Joseph A. Impellizeri, Alessandra Gavazza, Eliana Greissworth, Anna Crispo, Maurizio Montella, Gennaro Ciliberto, George Lubas and Luigi Aurisicchio

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:349

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  25. Content type: Research

    The overlapping symptoms and pathophysiological similarities between burn injury and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are noteworthy. Thus, this study explores the possible association between burn injury and th...

    Authors: Shin-Yi Tsai, Cheng-Li Lin, Shou-Chuan Shih, Cheng-Wei Hsu, Kam-Hang Leong, Chien-Feng Kuo, Chon-Fu Lio, Yu-Tien Chen, Yan-Jiun Hung and Leiyu Shi

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:342

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  26. Content type: Research

    Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common and often refractory brain disease that is closely correlated with inflammation. Alpha-methyl-l-tryptophan (AMT) is recognized as a surrogate marker for epilepsy, characte...

    Authors: Yanli Wang, Yanling Wang, Ran Sun, Xingrao Wu, Xu Chu, Shuhu Zhou, Xibin Hu, Lingyun Gao and Qingxia Kong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:337

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  27. Content type: Review

    With the exception of genotoxic oncology drugs, first-in-human, Phase 1 clinical studies of investigational drugs have traditionally been conducted in healthy volunteers (HVs). The primary goal of these studie...

    Authors: Joyson J. Karakunnel, Nam Bui, Latha Palaniappan, Keith T. Schmidt, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Briggs Morrison, William D. Figg and Shivaani Kummar

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:336

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  28. Content type: Review

    Epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) is a new way of allergen administration that has a high rate of adherence and safety. The aim of this manuscript is to review clinical trials on EPIT for respiratory and food ...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Chiara Isidori, Alessandra Pacitto, Cristina Salvatori, Laura Sensi, Franco Frati, Giuseppe Di Cara and Francesco Marcucci

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:329

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  29. Content type: Research

    The clinical trials conducted at Chingleput India suggest that BCG fails to protect against tuberculosis (TB) in TB-endemic population. Recent studies advocate that non-tuberculous mycobacteria and latent Mycobac...

    Authors: Pradeep K. Rai, Sathi Babu Chodisetti, Sudeep K. Maurya, Sajid Nadeem, Weiguang Zeng, Ashok K. Janmeja, David C. Jackson and Javed N. Agrewala

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:279

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  30. Content type: Research

    Interleukin (IL)-37 has emerged as a novel anti-inflammatory cytokine that play an immunosuppressive role in regulating inflammatory response. This study aimed to measure IL-37 levels in the plasma and periphe...

    Authors: Miao Feng, Min Kang, Feng He, Zonghui Xiao, Zhewei Liu, Hailan Yao and Jianxin Wu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:277

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  31. Content type: Research

    NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in the inflammatory responses during acute lung injury (ALI). RIP3 triggered NLRP3 inflammasome activation independent of necroptosis induction has recently been documented. In t...

    Authors: Jingxian Chen, Shuang Wang, Rong Fu, Mianjing Zhou, Tengyue Zhang, Wenxu Pan, Niansheng Yang and Yuefang Huang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:233

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  32. Content type: Research

    The use of checkpoint inhibitors (ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, nivolumab) has revolutionised the treatment of metastatic melanoma. However still more than the half the patients do not respond to single-agent imm...

    Authors: Angus G. Dalgleish, Satvinder Mudan and Alberto Fusi

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:227

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  33. Content type: Methodology

    Interest in single-cell transcriptomic analysis is growing rapidly, especially for profiling rare or heterogeneous populations of cells. In almost all reported works investigators have used live cells, which i...

    Authors: Jinguo Chen, Foo Cheung, Rongye Shi, Huizhi Zhou and Wenrui Lu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:198

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  34. Content type: Research

    The TGFβ-signaling pathway plays an important role in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Loss of function of several genes within this pathway, such as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been se...

    Authors: Andrew J. Pellatt, Lila E. Mullany, Jennifer S. Herrick, Lori C. Sakoda, Roger K. Wolff, Wade S. Samowitz and Martha L. Slattery

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:191

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  35. Content type: Research

    Standard therapy for glioblastoma includes surgery, radiotherapy, and temozolomide. This Phase 3 trial evaluates the addition of an autologous tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cell vaccine (DCVax®-L) to standard the...

    Authors: Linda M. Liau, Keyoumars Ashkan, David D. Tran, Jian L. Campian, John E. Trusheim, Charles S. Cobbs, Jason A. Heth, Michael Salacz, Sarah Taylor, Stacy D. D’Andre, Fabio M. Iwamoto, Edward J. Dropcho, Yaron A. Moshel, Kevin A. Walter, Clement P. Pillainayagam, Robert Aiken…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:142

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:179

  36. Content type: Research

    Ipilimumab is a licensed immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma patients and, in the US, as adjuvant treatment for high risk melanoma radically resected. The use of ipilimumab is associated with a typical but u...

    Authors: Sara Valpione, Sandro Pasquali, Luca Giovanni Campana, Luisa Piccin, Simone Mocellin, Jacopo Pigozzo and Vanna Chiarion-Sileni

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:94

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  37. Content type: Research

    “Avoiding immune destruction” has recently been established as one of the hallmarks of cancer. The programmed cell death (PD)-1/programmed cell death-ligand (PD-L) 1 pathway is an important immunosuppression m...

    Authors: Yuka Asano, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Wataru Goto, Koji Takada, Katsuyuki Takahashi, Tamami Morisaki, Hisakazu Fujita, Tsutomu Takashima, Shuhei Tomita, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:87

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  38. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of OX40L in regulating helper T (Th) cells differentiation through phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signalin...

    Authors: Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Yongdong Yan, Wenjing Gu, Xinxing Zhang, Jiahong Tan, Huiming Sun, Wei Ji and Zhengrong Chen

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:74

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  39. Content type: Research

    Fibrinogen is a central player in the blood coagulation cascade and one of the most abundant plasma proteins. This glycoprotein also triggers important events (e.g., cell spreading, the respiratory burst and d...

    Authors: Tiziana Alberio, Greta Forlani, Marta Lualdi, Giovanna Tosi, Roberto S. Accolla and Mauro Fasano

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:64

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  40. Content type: Research

    Shigellosis persists as a public health problem worldwide causing ~ 165,000 deaths every year, of which ~ 55,000 are in children less than 5 years of age. No vaccine against shigellosis is currently licensed. ...

    Authors: Franklin R. Toapanta, Paula J. Bernal, Karen L. Kotloff, Myron M. Levine and Marcelo B. Sztein

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:61

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  41. Content type: Research

    Th17 cells and its effective cytokine IL-17A play an important role in the pathogenesis of abnormal immune responses in psoriasis. Notch1 signaling has been implicated in Th17 cell differentiation and function...

    Authors: Lei Ma, Haibo Xue, Ruiqun Qi, Yanqin Wang and Libing Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:59

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  42. Content type: Research

    An altered gut microbiota balance is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and several probiotic strains are used as dietary supplements to improve intestinal health. We evaluated t...

    Authors: Jin-Sil Park, JeongWon Choi, Ji Ye Kwon, Kyung-Ah Jung, Chul Woo Yang, Sung-Hwan Park and Mi-La Cho

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:37

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  43. Content type: Research

    During infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) several viral proteins occur on cell surfaces in high quantity. We thus pursue an HLA-independent approach for immunotherapy of HCMV using chimeric antigen re...

    Authors: Julia Proff, Charlotte U. Brey, Armin Ensser, Wolfgang Holter and Manfred Lehner

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:26

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  44. Content type: Research

    Cancer vaccines can effectively establish clinically relevant tumor immunity. Novel sequencing approaches rapidly identify the mutational fingerprint of tumors, thus allowing to generate personalized tumor vac...

    Authors: Katja Sonntag, Hisayoshi Hashimoto, Matthias Eyrich, Moritz Menzel, Max Schubach, Dennis Döcker, Florian Battke, Carolina Courage, Helmut Lambertz, Rupert Handgretinger, Saskia Biskup and Karin Schilbach

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:23

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  45. Content type: Review

    Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a series of innate cells that play a significant role in inhibiting T cell-related responses. This heterogeneous population of immature cells is involved in tumor i...

    Authors: Weitao Zhang, Jiawei Li, Guisheng Qi, Guowei Tu, Cheng Yang and Ming Xu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:19

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  46. Content type: Research

    There is a pressing need in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to identify patients who will not respond to first-line disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD). We explored whether differences in genomic architec...

    Authors: Claudio Carini, Ewan Hunter, Aroul S. Ramadass, Jayne Green, Alexandre Akoulitchev, Iain B. McInnes and Carl S. Goodyear

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:18

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  47. Content type: Research

    Genetic engineering of T-cells to express specific T cell receptors (TCR) has emerged as a novel strategy to treat various malignancies. More widespread utilization of these types of therapies has been somewha...

    Authors: Jianjian Jin, Nikolaos Gkitsas, Vicki S. Fellowes, Jiaqiang Ren, Steven A. Feldman, Christian S. Hinrichs, David F. Stroncek and Steven L. Highfill

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:13

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  48. Content type: Review

    γδ T cells are a distinct subgroup of T cells containing T cell receptors (TCRs) γ and TCR δ chains with diverse structural and functional heterogeneity. As a bridge between the innate and adaptive immune syst...

    Authors: Yijing Zhao, Chao Niu and Jiuwei Cui

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:3

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:122

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