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Combination strategies

Section edited by Paolo A. Ascierto

This section aims to provide a focal point for research that highlights combination therapies, where two or more medications or therapies are strategically combined to improve the treatment of cancer, chronic infections, transplantation and potentially other complex and multi-factorial diseases.

Increasingly detailed understanding of the molecular basis driving complex disease has led to the identifications of new agents that target specific pathways. In some cases treatment of appropriately selected patients has led to striking clinical response, however both primary and secondary resistance mechanisms limited the success of many of these agents. It has become clear that combining or sequencing treatment modalities may en to enrich the communication between basic biological and immunological sciences and the clinical investigation arena.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and its consequent unfolded protein response (UPR) are believed to be associated with progression, survival and chemoresistance of a variety of tumor cells through multiple ce...

    Authors: Prakash C. Thakur, Jennifer L. Miller-Ocuin, Khanh Nguyen, Rina Matsuda, Aatur D. Singhi, Herbert J. Zeh and Nathan Bahary

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:190

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  2. Content type: Research

    Clinical trials have shown combinations of anti–tumor necrosis factor biologicals plus methotrexate (MTX) are more effective treatments for rheumatoid arthritis than biological monotherapies, based, in part, o...

    Authors: Alison O’Mahony, Markus R. John, Hannah Cho, Misato Hashizume and Ernest H. Choy

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:156

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  3. Content type: Research

    The overall 5-year survival rate of lung cancer is about 15% even with therapeutic drugs like tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Ideal models are urgently needed for exploring mechanisms and finding new drugs. Patien...

    Authors: Yanan Jiang, Jimin Zhao, Yi Zhang, Ke Li, Tiepeng Li, Xinhuan Chen, Simin Zhao, Song Zhao, Kangdong Liu and Ziming Dong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:138

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  4. Content type: Research

    Vaccines play increasingly important roles in cancer treatment due to their advantages of effective targeting and few side effects. Our laboratory has attempted to construct vaccines by conjugating TLR7 agonis...

    Authors: Xiaodong Wang, Yu Liu, Yuwen Diao, Ningning Gao, Yanyan Wan, Jingjing Zhong, Huali Zheng, Zhulin Wang and Guangyi Jin

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:120

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  5. Content type: Research

    Ischemia–reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) not only prolongs the length of hospital stay, but also seriously affects the patient’s survival rate. Although our previous investigation has verif...

    Authors: Yu Gu, Fei Huang, Yanling Wang, Chaojin Chen, Shan Wu, Shaoli Zhou, Ziqing Hei and Dongdong Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:117

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  6. Content type: Research

    Radiotherapy constitutes a standard arm of therapy in the multimodal treatment of patients with glioblastoma (GBM). Ironically, studies have recently revealed that radiation can augment malignant progression, ...

    Authors: Xin Zhang, Xuehai Wang, Ran Xu, Jianxiong Ji, Yangyang Xu, Mingzhi Han, Yuzhen Wei, Bin Huang, Anjing Chen, Qing Zhang, Wenjie Li, Jian Wang, Xingang Li and Chen Qiu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:79

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  7. Content type: Meeting report

    Major advances have been made in the treatment of cancer with targeted therapy and immunotherapy; several FDA-approved agents with associated improvement of 1-year survival rates became available for stage IV ...

    Authors: Paolo A. Ascierto, Sanjiv S. Agarwala, Gennaro Ciliberto, Sandra Demaria, Reinhard Dummer, Connie P. M. Duong, Soldano Ferrone, Silvia C. Formenti, Claus Garbe, Ruth Halaban, Samir Khleif, Jason J. Luke, Lluis M. Mir, Willem W. Overwijk, Michael Postow, Igor Puzanov…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:236

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  8. Content type: Research

    Nodular melanoma (NM) accounts for most thick melanomas and because of their frequent association with ulceration, fast growth rate and high mitotic rate, contribute substantially to melanoma-related mortality...

    Authors: Maria A. Pizzichetta, Daniela Massi, Mario Mandalà, Paola Queirolo, Ignazio Stanganelli, Vincenzo De Giorgi, Giovanni Ghigliotti, Stefano Cavicchini, Pietro Quaglino, Maria T. Corradin, Pietro Rubegni, Mauro Alaibac, Stefano Astorino, Fabrizio Ayala, Serena Magi, Laura Mazzoni…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:227

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:33

  9. Content type: Protocol

    Current first-line standard of therapy for metastatic urothelial carcinoma is platinum-based combination chemotherapy. Pembrolizumab in phase III has demonstrated a promising overall response rate of 21.1% in ...

    Authors: Nora Sundahl, Katrien De Wolf, Sylvie Rottey, Karel Decaestecker, Daan De Maeseneer, Annabel Meireson, Els Goetghebeur, Valérie Fonteyne, Sofie Verbeke, Pieter De Visschere, Dries Reynders, Mireille Van Gele, Lieve Brochez and Piet Ost

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:150

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  10. Content type: Research

    Extensive squamous cell carcinoma has few therapeutic options. In such cases, electrochemotherapy involving electroporation combined with antineoplastic drug appears to be a new potential option and may be con...

    Authors: Gianluca Di Monta, Corrado Caracò, Ester Simeone, Antonio Maria Grimaldi, Ugo Marone, Massimiliano Di Marzo, Vito Vanella, Lucia Festino, Marco Palla, Stefano Mori, Nicola Mozzillo and Paolo Antonio Ascierto

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:82

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  11. Content type: Research

    Diminished wound healing is a major complication of diabetes mellitus and can lead to foot ulcers. However, there are limited therapeutic methods to treat this condition. Exendin-4 (Ex-4), a glucagon-like pept...

    Authors: Eunhui Seo, Jae Soo Lim, Jin-Bum Jun, Woohyuk Choi, In-Sun Hong and Hee-Sook Jun

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:35

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  12. Content type: Protocol

    Antibodies blocking programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) have encouraging responses in patients with metastatic melanoma. Response to anti-PD-1 treatment requires pre-existing CD8+ T cells that are negatively regula...

    Authors: Katrien De Wolf, Vibeke Kruse, Nora Sundahl, Mireille van Gele, Ines Chevolet, Reinhart Speeckaert, Lieve Brochez and Piet Ost

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:21

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  13. Content type: Research

    Minimally invasive therapies, such as microwave ablation (MWA), are widely used for the treatment of solid tumors. Previous studies suggest that MWA is feasible for the treatment of small breast cancer, and th...

    Authors: Li Li, Wei Wang, Hong Pan, Ge Ma, Xinyi Shi, Hui Xie, Xiaoan Liu, Qiang Ding, Wenbin Zhou and Shui Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:23

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  14. Content type: Commentary

    The occurrence of high rates of somatic mutations in cancer is believed to correspond to increased frequency of neo-epitope formation and tumor immunogenicity. Thus, classification of patients with cancer acco...

    Authors: Giuseppe Palmieri, Maria Colombino, Antonio Cossu, Antonio Marchetti, Gerardo Botti and Paolo A. Ascierto

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:17

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    Expression of the platelet-activating factor receptor is upregulated in the respiratory epithelium of smokers and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. We have recently determined that increased expr...

    Authors: Ronan F. O’Toole, Shakti D. Shukla and Eugene H. Walters

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:304

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  16. Content type: Research

    Activation of oncogenes downstream the EGFR gene contributes to colorectal tumorigenesis and determines the sensitivity to anti-EGFR treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of KRAS,...

    Authors: Grazia Palomba, Valentina Doneddu, Antonio Cossu, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Antonella Manca, Milena Casula, Maria Colombino, Annamaria Lanzillo, Efisio Defraia, Antonio Pazzola, Giovanni Sanna, Carlo Putzu, Salvatore Ortu, Mario Scartozzi, Maria Teresa Ionta, Giovanni Baldino…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:292

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  17. Content type: Review

    Despite standard treatment for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), that involves cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy, and initial high response rates to these, up to 80 % of patients exp...

    Authors: Anselmo Papa, Davide Caruso, Martina Strudel, Silverio Tomao and Federica Tomao

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:267

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  18. Content type: Research

    Myalgic encephalomyelitis chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a common debilitating disorder associated with an intense fatigue, a reduced physical activity, and an impaired quality of life. There are no esta...

    Authors: Emmanuel Fenouillet, Aude Vigouroux, Jean Guillaume Steinberg, Alexandre Chagvardieff, Frédérique Retornaz, Regis Guieu and Yves Jammes

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:251

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  19. Content type: Research

    Experimentally, lung inflammation in laboratory animals is usually detected by the presence of inflammatory markers, such as immune cells and cytokines, in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of sacrificed...

    Authors: Fabio Stellari, Gabriella Bergamini, Francesca Ruscitti, Angela Sandri, Francesca Ravanetti, Gaetano Donofrio, Federico Boschi, Gino Villetti, Claudio Sorio, Barouk M. Assael, Paola Melotti and Maria M. Lleo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:226

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