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Section edited by Maria Jose Polanco Mora

The Neuroscience section aims to encourage publications that help to reduce the gap between basic preclinical science and medical applications for the patients in the neuroscience field.

Featured articles

Betel quid dependence is associated with functional connectivity changes of the anterior cingulate cortex: a resting-state fMRI study
Tao Liu, et al

NGF eye-drops topical administration in patients with retinitis pigmentosa, a pilot study
Benedetto Falsini, et al

Development of patient-derived xenograft models from a spontaneously immortal low-grade meningioma cell line, KCI-MENG1
Sharon K Michelhaugh, et al

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  1. Owing to metabolic disequilibrium and immune suppression, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients are prone to infections; according to a recent global analysis of stroke cases, approximately 10 million new-on...

    Authors: Jie Lin, Ya Xu, Peiwen Guo, Yù-Jié Chen, Jiru Zhou, Min Xia, Binbin Tan, Xin Liu, Hua Feng and Yujie Chen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:196
  2. Clinically, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT)-associated muscle atrophy still lacks effective treatment. Deletion and mutation of L-periaxin can be involved in CMT type 4F (CMT4F) by destroying the myelin shea...

    Authors: Ruo-nan Zhang, Xin Bao, Yun Liu, Yan Wang, Xing-Yuan Li, Ge Tan, Magdaleena Naemi Mbadhi, Wei Xu, Qian Yang, Lu-yuan Yao, Long Chen, Xiao-ying Zhao, Chang-qing Hu, Jing-xuan Zhang, Hong-tao Zheng, Yan Wu…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:173
  3. The left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is involved in early-phase manual dexterity skill acquisition when cognitive control processes, such as integration and complexity demands, are required. However...

    Authors: Akihiro Watanabe, Daisuke Sawamura, Hisato Nakazono, Yukina Tokikuni, Hiroshi Miura, Kazuhiro Sugawara, Kanako Fuyama, Harukazu Tohyama, Susumu Yoshida and Shinya Sakai
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:143
  4. Exercise-related signaling Fndc5/irisin expresses in brain and acts as a crucial regulator of cognitive function, but its detailed roles in vascular dementia (VaD) are still unclear. Low intensity pulsed ultra...

    Authors: Degang Song, Xiaomin Chen, Na Zhou, Yi Yuan, Shuo Geng, Cong Zhang, Zhe Zhao, Xingran Wang, Xinran Bao, Xifa Lan and Xiangjian Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:139
  5. Cognitive function is an important ability of the brain, but cognitive dysfunction can easily develop once the brain is injured in various neuropathological conditions or diseases. Photobiomodulation therapy i...

    Authors: Wei-tong Pan, Pan-miao Liu, Daqing Ma and Jian-jun Yang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:135
  6. Patients suffering from chronic pain often also exhibit depression symptoms. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors can decrease blood levels of inflammatory cytokines. However, whether inhibiting sEH sign...

    Authors: Ailin Luo, Zifeng Wu, Shan Li, Cindy B. McReynolds, Di Wang, Hanyu Liu, Chaoli Huang, Teng He, Xinying Zhang, Yuanyuan Wang, Cunming Liu, Bruce D. Hammock, Kenji Hashimoto and Chun Yang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:71
  7. Substantial evidence suggests that hypertension is a significant risk factor for cognitive decline. However, it is unclear whether the genetic predisposition to hypertension is also associated with cellular dy...

    Authors: Moti Ben-Shabat, Yaseen Awad-Igbaria, Shifra Sela, Bella Gross, Yoram Yagil, Chana Yagil and Eilam Palzur
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2023 21:51
  8. Non-battle related musculoskeletal injuries (MSKI) are one of the primary medical issues diminishing Service member medical readiness. The MSKI problem is challenging because it is difficult to assess all of t...

    Authors: Courtney M. Butowicz, Brad D. Hendershot, Nora L. Watson, Daniel I. Brooks, Donald L. Goss, Robert A. Whitehurst, Alisha D. Harvey, Matthew S. Helton, Joseph R. Kardouni, Matthew B. Garber and Timothy C. Mauntel
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:619
  9. The subclassification of prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC) based on sleep patterns is important for the evaluation and treatment of the disease. This study evaluates the correlation between polysomnog...

    Authors: Jie Yu, Yuehao Wu, Biwen Wu, Chuan Xu, Jiaye Cai, Xinrui Wen, Fanxia Meng, Li Zhang, Fangping He, Lirong Hong, Jian Gao, Jingqi Li, Jintai Yu and Benyan Luo
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:601
  10. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), one of the most common forms of adult-onset muscular dystrophy, is caused by abnormally expanded CTG repeats in the 3′ untranslated region of the DMPK gene. The CUG repeats transc...

    Authors: Kun Huang, Dan-Dan Wang, Wen-Bao Hu, Wei-Qian Zeng, Xia Xu, Qiu-Xiang Li, Fang-Fang Bi, Huan Yang and Jian Qiu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:588
  11. Until now, the treatment of patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remain a difficult problem. The insula is involved in empathy and sensorimotor integration, which are often impaired in individuals with...

    Authors: Lifei Xiao, Shucai Jiang, Yangyang Wang, Caibin Gao, Cuicui Liu, Xianhao Huo, Wenchao Li, Baorui Guo, Chaofan Wang, Yu Sun, Anni Wang, Yan Feng, Feng Wang and Tao Sun
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:570
  12. Although lipid metabolite dysfunction contributes substantially to clinical signs and pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), how dyslipidemia promoting neuropathological processes and brain functional im...

    Authors: Qing Wang, Feifei Zang, Cancan He, Zhijun Zhang and Chunming Xie
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:567
  13. The development of permanent disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) is highly variable among patients, and the exact mechanisms that contribute to this disability remain unknown.

    Authors: Marlene Tahedl, Seth M. Levine, Robert Weissert, Zacharias Kohl, De-Hyung Lee, Ralf A. Linker and Jens V. Schwarzbach
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:488
  14. Although anxiety disorders are one of the most prevalent mental disorders, their underlying biological mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. In recent years, genetically determined metabolites (GDMs) ...

    Authors: Gui Xiao, Qingnan He, Li Liu, Tingting Zhang, Mengjia Zhou, Xingxing Li, Yijun Chen, Yanyi Chen and Chunxiang Qin
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:475
  15. Metabolic disturbance has been reported in patients with epilepsy. Still, the evidence about the causal role of metabolites in facilitating or preventing epilepsy is lacking. Systematically investigating the c...

    Authors: Jiahao Cai, Xiaoyu Li, Shangbin Wu, Yang Tian, Yani Zhang, Zixin Wei, Zixiang Jin, Xiaojing Li, Xiong Chen and Wen-Xiong Chen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:437
  16. Neuroligins are postsynaptic cell adhesion molecules that are relevant to many neurodevelopmental disorders. They are differentially enriched at the postsynapse and interact with their presynaptic ligands, neu...

    Authors: Xing Liu, Fuzhou Hua, Danying Yang, Yue Lin, Lieliang Zhang, Jun Ying, Hongguang Sheng and Xifeng Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:418
  17. Glucocorticoid signalling is closely related to both epilepsy and associated cognitive impairment, possibly through mechanisms involving neuronal apoptosis. As a critical enzyme for glucocorticoid action, the ...

    Authors: Xueying Li, Wanhua Qiu, Lu Deng, Jingjing Lin, Wenting Huang, Yuchen Xu, Mulan Zhang, Nigel C. Jones, Runxuan Lin, Huiqin Xu, Li Lin, Peijun Li and Xinshi Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:406
  18. With the advent of an aging society, the incidence of dementia is increasing, resulting in a vast burden on society. It is increasingly acknowledged that neuroinflammation is implicated in various neurological...

    Authors: Xiuqin Rao, Fuzhou Hua, Lieliang Zhang, Yue Lin, Pu Fang, Shoulin Chen, Jun Ying and Xifeng Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:369
  19. Zishen Pingchan granule (ZPG), a traditional Chinese herbal recipe for treating Parkinson’s disease (PD), is usually used as an add-on drug with some antiparkinsonian drugs in China. The objectives of this stu...

    Authors: Houxu Ning, Hao Zhou, Jingru Ren, Gaiyan Zhou, Ning Yang, Zhenfu Wang, Canxing Yuan, Zuojun Tian, Juping Chen, Lihua Shen, Huifen Zheng, Yang Zhao, Haidong Wang, Weiguo Liu and Zhenguo Liu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:357
  20. In polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases, the identification of modifiers and the construction of prediction model for progression facilitate genetic counseling, clinical management and therapeutic interventions.

    Authors: Linliu Peng, Yun Peng, Zhao Chen, Chunrong Wang, Zhe Long, Huirong Peng, Yuting Shi, Lu Shen, Kun Xia, Vanessa B. Leotti, Laura Bannach Jardim, Beisha Tang, Rong Qiu and Hong Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:226
  21. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare neurovascular disorder with highly variable manifestations and clinical courses. Animal models properly matched to the clinical form of CVST are necessary for ...

    Authors: Shuwen Mu, Yinghong Lin, Yongjun Xu, Xianqing Wei, Zihuan Zeng, Kunzhe Lin, Linghua Zhu, Qinghong Liu, Xingfeng Qi, Liangfeng Wei, Shengxiang Liang and Shousen Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:174
  22. Stroke, an acute cerebrovascular event, is a leading cause of disability, placing a significant psycho-socioeconomic burden worldwide. The adaptation and reorganization process following any neuronal damage is...

    Authors: Helia Mojtabavi, Zoha Shaka, Sara Momtazmanesh, Atra Ajdari and Nima Rezaei
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:126
  23. Pathogenic gain of function variants in Valosin-containing protein (VCP) cause a unique disease characterized by inclusion body myopathy with early-onset Paget disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia (also kn...

    Authors: Cheng Cheng, Lan Weiss, Henri Leinonen, Alyaa Shmara, Hong Z. Yin, Timothy Ton, Annie Do, Jonathan Lee, Lac Ta, Eshanee Mohanty, Jesse Vargas, John Weiss, Krzysztof Palczewski and Virginia Kimonis
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:21
  24. Covid-19 became a global pandemic in 2019. Studies have shown that coronavirus can cause neurological symptoms, but clinical studies on its neurological symptoms are limited. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to...

    Authors: Yuanyuan He, Xiaojie Bai, Tiantian Zhu, Jialin Huang and Hong Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:363
  25. Progressive multiple sclerosis (PMS) is an uncommon and severe subtype of MS that worsens gradually and leads to irreversible disabilities in young adults. Currently, there are no applicable or reliable biomar...

    Authors: Fei Ye, Tianzhu Wang, Xiaoxin Wu, Jie Liang, Jiaoxing Li and Wenli Sheng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:316
  26. Inappropriate matching of motor and sensory fibers after nerve repair or nerve grafting can lead to failure of nerve recovery. Identification of motor and sensory fibers is important for the development of new...

    Authors: Xijie Zhou, Jian Du, Liming Qing, Thomas Mee, Xiang Xu, Zhuoran Wang, Cynthia Xu and Xiaofeng Jia
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:207
  27. Human oligodendrocyte precursor cells (hOPCs) are an important source of myelinating cells for cell transplantation to treat demyelinating diseases. Myelin oligodendrocytes develop from migratory and prolifera...

    Authors: Haipeng Zhou, Ying He, Zhaoyan Wang, Qian Wang, Caiyan Hu, Xiaohua Wang, Siliang Lu, Ke Li, Yinxiang Yang and Zuo Luan
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:188
  28. During intrauterine development, the formation and function of synaptic vesicles (SVs) are thought to be fundamental conditions essential for normal development of the brain. Lacking advanced technology during...

    Authors: Yangwu Fang, Chan Wan, Youlu Wen, Ze Wu, Jing Pan, Mei Zhong and Nanbert Zhong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:154
  29. Pharmacogenomics describes the link between gene variations (polymorphisms) and drug responses. In view of the implementation of precision medicine in personalized healthcare, pharmacogenetic tests have recent...

    Authors: E. Bothos, E. Ntoumou, K. Kelaidoni, D. Roukas, N. Drakoulis, M. Papasavva, F. A. Karakostis, P. Moulos and K. Karakostis
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:151
  30. The new wave of anti-migraine agents is nothing less than a milestone in our battle to manage this devastating disease. However, concerns have recently increased regarding the safety of these drugs. CGRP, whil...

    Authors: Mushref Bakri Assas
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:23

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:341

  31. Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extracellular plaques, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles and neuronal loss in the central nervous system (CNS). Pathogens a...

    Authors: Andrea Saul Costa, Simone Agostini, Franca Rosa Guerini, Roberta Mancuso, Mario Clerici and Janardan P. Pandey
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:325
  32. The intrathecal (IT) dosing route introduces drugs directly into the CSF to bypass the blood–brain barrier and gain direct access to the CNS. We evaluated the use of convective forces acting on the cerebrospin...

    Authors: Jenna M. Sullivan, Curt Mazur, Daniel A. Wolf, Laura Horky, Nicolas Currier, Bethany Fitzsimmons, Jacob Hesterman, Rachel Pauplis, Scott Haller, Berit Powers, Leighla Tayefeh, Bea DeBrosse-Serra, Jack Hoppin, Holly Kordasiewicz, Eric E. Swayze and Ajay Verma
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:309
  33. Ischemic stroke (IS) is the second leading cause of death worldwide which is a serious hazard to human health. Evidence suggests that the immune system plays a key role in the pathophysiology of IS. However, t...

    Authors: Zijian Li, Yueran Cui, Juan Feng and Yanxia Guo
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:296
  34. Brain aging is a major risk factor in the progression of cognitive diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and vascular dementia. We investigated a mouse model of brain aging up to 24 months old (mo).

    Authors: Erik N. Taylor, Nasi Huang, Jonathan Wisco, Yandan Wang, Kathleen G. Morgan and James A. Hamilton
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:277
  35. 17AAG has been extensively studied for its antitumor effects that protect cells from lethal stress by maintaining protein stability. The role of 17AAG in sevoflurane-induced neuronal injury has never been stud...

    Authors: Min Liu, Moyun Li, Yu Zhou, Qian Zhou and Yugang Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:166
  36. Machado–Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, is the most common of the dominantly inherited ataxias worldwide and is characterized by mutant ataxin-3 aggregation and neuronal dege...

    Authors: Magda M. Santana, Susana Paixão, Janete Cunha-Santos, Teresa Pereira Silva, Allyson Trevino-Garcia, Laetitia S. Gaspar, Clévio Nóbrega, Rui Jorge Nobre, Cláudia Cavadas, Hagar Greif and Luís Pereira de Almeida
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:161
  37. Peroxiredoxin activated in M-CSF stimulated monocytes (PAMM) is a novel protein produced by adipocytes with putative redox regulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. Because acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is...

    Authors: Leslie R. Morse, Nguyen Nguyen, Yan Xu, Prakash Jha and Ricardo A. Battaglino
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:135
  38. Inflammatory damage following stroke aggravates brain damage, resulting in long-term neurological sequelae. The purpose of this study was to identify ways to reduce inflammatory reactions and to accelerate neu...

    Authors: Benping Zhang, Qian Li, Shuwei Jia, Feng Li, Qingsong Li and Jiebing Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:110
  39. Myelin sheaths surrounding axons are critical for electrical signal transmission in the central nervous system (CNS). Diseases with myelin defects such as multiple sclerosis (MS) are devastating neurological c...

    Authors: Sujun Ding, Yun Gu, Yunyun Cai, Meijuan Cai, Tuo Yang, Shuangxi Bao, Weixing Shen, Xuejun Ni, Gang Chen and Lingyan Xing
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:109
  40. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that results in the death of dopaminergic neurons within the substantia nigra pars compacta and the reduction in dopaminergic control over striatal output ...

    Authors: Inma Castilla-Cortázar, Gabriel A. Aguirre, Giovana Femat-Roldán, Irene Martín-Estal and Luis Espinosa
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:70
  41. Gap junctions are involved in the development of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, the specific roles and regulatory functions of related connexin isoforms remain unknown. ...

    Authors: Le Yang, Jian Yan, Jin-An Zhang, Xin-Hui Zhou, Chao Fang, Er-Ming Zeng, Bin Tang, Jian Duan, Guo-Hui Lu and Tao Hong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:433
  42. Xenon (Xe) is a noble gas that has been used for the last several decades as an anesthetic during surgery. Its antagonistic effect on glutamate subtype of NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartate) receptors resulted in evaluat...

    Authors: A. P. Dobrovolsky, V. R. Gedzun, V. I. Bogin, D. Ma, T. E. Ichim, Iu. A. Sukhanova, A. V. Malyshev and V. A. Dubynin
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:400
  43. Developmental processes in the placenta and the fetal brain are shaped by the similar biological signals. Evidence accumulates that adaptive responses of the placenta may influence central nervous system devel...

    Authors: Esmée M. Bijnens, Catherine Derom, Steven Weyers, Bram G. Janssen, Evert Thiery and Tim S. Nawrot
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:361
  44. Biallelic PTPRQ pathogenic variants have been previously reported as causative for autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss. In 2018 the first heterozygous PTPRQ variant has been implicated in the developme...

    Authors: Dominika Oziębło, Anna Sarosiak, Marcin L. Leja, Birgit S. Budde, Grażyna Tacikowska, Nataliya Di Donato, Hanno J. Bolz, Peter Nürnberg, Henryk Skarżyński and Monika Ołdak
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:351
  45. It has been established that children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are affected by oxidative stress, the origin of which is still under investigation. In the present work, we evaluated inflammatory and...

    Authors: P. M. Abruzzo, A. Matté, A. Bolotta, E. Federti, A. Ghezzo, T. Guarnieri, M. Marini, A. Posar, A. Siciliano, L. De Franceschi and P. Visconti
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:332
  46. Hearing loss (HL) is the most common disability of human senses characterized by a great allelic heterogeneity. GJB2 and TMPRSS3 are two well-known HL genes typically underlying its monogenic form. Recently, TMPR...

    Authors: Monika Ołdak, Urszula Lechowicz, Agnieszka Pollak, Dominika Oziębło and Henryk Skarżyński
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:269

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