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Cardiovascular, Metabolic and Lipoprotein Translation

Section edited by Nehal N. Mehta and Tommaso Angelone
© Juan Gärtner/ stock.adob

This section aims to speed mechanistic understanding, development of novel diagnostics and potential therapeutic targets within cardiovascular, metabolic diseases and lipoprotein diseases. The section is open to experiments involving cellular models, animal models, observational studies and clinical trials that are distinguished for their novelty in approach, design or indication, timeliness, and unique ability to translate laboratory concepts from the bench to the bedside.

Highest priority will be given to those manuscripts which are specifically focused on cardiovascular, metabolic and lipid disorders which enrich understanding of disease mechanism, novel therapeutics and state-of-the-art scientific technique.

Featured articles


Immune cell phenotyping in low blood volumes for assessment of cardiovascular disease risk, development, and progression: a pilot study

Research | Yvonne Baumer et al


Comprehensive analysis of differential immunocyte infiltration and the potential ceRNA networks during epicardial adipose tissue development in congenital heart disease

Research | Li Ma et al


Extracellular vesicles in diabetes mellitus induce alterations in endothelial cell morphology and migration​​​​​​​

Research | Sharon F Wu et al

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  1. Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most commonly valvular disease in the western countries initiated by inflammation and abnormal calcium deposition. Currently, there is no clinical drug for CAVD. Neu...

    Authors: Yan Liu, Peng Jiang, Liqin An, Mengying Zhu, Jin Li, Yue Wang, Qin Huang, Yi Xiang, Xiaorong Li, Qiong Shi and Yaguang Weng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:167
  2. Neointimal hyperplasia induced by interventional surgery can lead to progressive obliteration of the vascular lumen, which has become a major factor affecting prognosis. The rate of re-endothelialization is kn...

    Authors: Lei Li, Yan Gao, Zhenchuan Liu, Chenglai Dong, Wenli Wang, Kaiqin Wu, Shaorui Gu and Yongxin Zhou
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:28
  3. Cardiac fibrosis, a well-known major pathological process that ultimately leads to heart failure, has attracted increasing attention and focus in recent years. A large amount of research indicates that long no...

    Authors: Zhuowang Ge, Chengye Yin, Yingze Li, Ding Tian, Yin Xiang, Qianhui Li, Yong Tang and Yachen Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:7
  4. Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia. AF is caused by electrophysiological abnormalities and alteration of atrial tissues, which leads to the generation of abnorm...

    Authors: Panjaree Siwaponanan, Pontawee Kaewkumdee, Wilasinee Phromawan, Suthipol Udompunturak, Nusara Chomanee, Kamol Udol, Kovit Pattanapanyasat and Rungroj Krittayaphong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2022 20:4
  5. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), an irreversible cardiovascular disease prevalent in the artery, causes the increase of the aneurysm diameter over time, and is a fatal phenomenon inducing sidewall rupture. Lon...

    Authors: Tianming Le, Xin He, Jianhua Huang, Shuai Liu, Yang Bai and Kemin Wu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:466
  6. Restenosis after angioplasty is a major challenge for the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Facilitation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis may be an attractive approach to decrease the incid...

    Authors: Xinxin Zhang, Xiangyu Xu, Li Lu, Xiaoning Wan, Yating Qin, Weibin Ruan, Chao Lv, Lin He and Xiaomei Guo
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:395
  7. Little is known regarding the functional role of microRNA-193-3p (miR-193-3p) in sepsis. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR-193-3p on myocardial injury in mice with sepsis...

    Authors: Jianyuan Pan, Buse Alexan, Dorn Dennis, Chiristine Bettina, Laeuf Ilona Mariya Christoph and Yongqin Tang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:386
  8. Radiation therapy is integral to effective thoracic cancer treatments, but its application is limited by sensitivity of critical organs such as the heart. The impacts of acute radiation-induced damage and its ...

    Authors: Molykutty J. Aryankalayil, Shannon Martello, Michelle A. Bylicky, Sunita Chopra, Jared M. May, Aman Shankardass, Laurel MacMillan, Landy Sun, Jaleal Sanjak, Claire Vanpouille-Box, Iris Eke and C. Norman Coleman
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:336
  9. Understanding long-term patterns (trajectories) of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk and identifying different sub-groups with the same underlying risk patterns could help facilitate targeted cardiovascular p...

    Authors: Fatemeh Koohi, Nooshin Ahmadi, Farzad Hadaegh, Siavash Safiee, Fereidoun Azizi and Davood Khalili
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:309
  10. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is accompanied by myopathy characterized by mitochondrial dysfunction. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the effect of revascularization procedures on mito...

    Authors: Alexandra Gratl, Dominik Pesta, Leonhard Gruber, Fiona Speichinger, Ben Raude, Safwan Omran, Andreas Greiner and Jan Paul Frese
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:244
  11. Inflammation and oxidative stress form a vicious circle in atherosclerosis. Oxidative stress can have detrimental effects on T cells. A unique subset of CD4+ T cells, known as regulatory T (Treg) cells, has been ...

    Authors: Anna K. Lundberg, Rosanna W. S. Chung, Louise Zeijlon, Gustav Fernström and Lena Jonasson
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:241
  12. Myocardial injury of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) initiates an intense inflammatory response that contributes to further damage and is a predictor of increased risk of death or heart fail...

    Authors: M. Samsonov, V. Bogin, B. W. Van Tassell and A. Abbate
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:169
  13. Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is associated with premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and a pro-inflammatory state whilst the proangiogenic miR-126-3p/-5p may play a role in CVD. Animal studies established miR-126 ...

    Authors: David J. Coulson, Sherin Bakhashab, Jevi Septyani Latief and Jolanta U. Weaver
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:140
  14. Lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) is a rare autosomal dominant kidney disease that is most commonly caused by mutations in ApoE Kyoto (p.R43C) and ApoE Sendai (p.R163P). Differences in phenotype among the vario...

    Authors: Hongyan Wu, Jing Yang, Yun-Qiang Liu, Song Lei, Mei Yang, Zhi Yang, Yuan Yang and Zhangxue Hu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:97
  15. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of BNP, hsTroponin-I, interleukin-6, sST2, and galectin-3 in predicting the future development of new onset heart failure with preserved ejection fracti...

    Authors: Chris J. Watson, Joe Gallagher, Mark Wilkinson, Adam Russell-Hallinan, Isaac Tea, Stephanie James, James O’Reilly, Eoin O’Connell, Shuaiwei Zhou, Mark Ledwidge and Ken McDonald
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:61
  16. COronaVIrus Disease 19 (COVID-19) is caused by the infection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although the main clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are respiratory, many pat...

    Authors: S. Greco, A. Madè, C. Gaetano, Y. Devaux, C. Emanueli and F. Martelli
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:408
  17. The gut microbiota was shown to play a crucial role in the development of vascular dysfunction, and the bacterial composition differed between healthy controls and coronary artery disease patients. The goal of...

    Authors: Honghong Liu, Ran Tian, Hui Wang, Siqin Feng, Hanyu Li, Ying Xiao, Xiaodong Luan, Zhiyu Zhang, Na Shi, Haitao Niu and Shuyang Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:382
  18. Elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and fibrinogen (Fib) are both associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The atherogenicity of Lp(a) can be partly due to the potentially antifibrinolytic categories. We hyp...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Jing-Lu Jin, Ye-Xuan Cao, Hui-Hui Liu, Hui-Wen Zhang, Yuan-Lin Guo, Na-Qiong Wu, Ying Gao, Qi Hua, Yan-Fang Li, Rui-Xia Xu, Chuan-Jue Cui, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jing Sun and Jian-Jun Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:373
  19. High burden of chronic cardio-metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been reported in the Middle East and North Afric...

    Authors: Samaneh Asgari, Fatemeh Moosaie, Davood Khalili, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:267
  20. Aim of this study was to assess changes in cardiac morphometric parameters at different stages of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) using a monocrotaline-induced rat model.

    Authors: Mateusz K. Hołda, Elżbieta Szczepanek, Joanna Bielawska, Natalia Palka, Dorota Wojtysiak, Paulina Frączek, Michał Nowakowski, Natalia Sowińska, Zbigniew Arent, Piotr Podolec and Grzegorz Kopeć
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:262
  21. Inflammation-related atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease is a major end organ complication of diabetes mellitus that results in devastating morbidity and mortality. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nan...

    Authors: Sharon F. Wu, Nicole Noren Hooten, David W. Freeman, Nicolle A. Mode, Alan B. Zonderman and Michele K. Evans
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:230
  22. Extracorporeal circulation during major cardiac surgery triggers a systemic inflammatory response affecting the clinical course and outcome. Recently, extracellular vesicle (EV) research has shed light onto a ...

    Authors: Lukas Wisgrill, Christian Lamm, Lena Hell, Johannes Thaler, Angelika Berger, Rene Weiss, Viktoria Weber, Harald Rinoesl, Michael J. Hiesmayr, Andreas Spittler and Martin H. Bernardi
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:202
  23. Glutamate, a key intermediate in myocardial metabolism, may enhance myocardial recovery after ischemia and possibly reduce the incidence and severity of postoperative heart failure in coronary artery bypass su...

    Authors: Huiqi Jiang, Jonas Holm, Mårten Vidlund, Farkas Vanky, Örjan Friberg, Yanqi Yang and Rolf Svedjeholm
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:193
  24. To detect the development, function and therapeutic potential of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT); analyze a related gene expression dataset, including data from neonates, infants, and children with congenital ...

    Authors: Li Ma, Wanting Shi, Xun Ma, Minghui Zou, Weidan Chen, Wenlei Li, Rongjun Zou and Xinxin Chen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:111
  25. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) is widely used in the treatment of circulatory failure, but repeatedly, its negative effects on the left ventricle (LV) have been observed. The purpos...

    Authors: Pavel Hála, Mikuláš Mlček, Petr Ošťádal, Michaela Popková, David Janák, Tomáš Bouček, Stanislav Lacko, Jaroslav Kudlička, Petr Neužil and Otomar Kittnar
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:75
  26. Inflammation within the perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) in obesity plays an important role in cardiovascular disorders. C-reactive protein (CRP) level in obesity patients is significantly increased and asso...

    Authors: Jia-Yuan Chen, Xiao-Lin Zhu, Wen-Hao Liu, Yong Xie, Hai-Feng Zhang, XiaoQiao Wang, Ru Ying, Zhi-Teng Chen, Mao-Xiong Wu, Qiong Qiu, Jing-Feng Wang and Yang-Xin Chen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:68
  27. Bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) Absorb™ clinical use has been stopped due to higher rate of device thrombosis. Scaffold struts persist longer than 2 years in the vessel wall. Second generation devices are being d...

    Authors: Viktor Kočka, Petr Toušek, Martin Kozel, Andrea Buono, Martin Hajšl, Libor Lisa, Tomáš Buděšínský, Martin Malý and Petr Widimský
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:33
  28. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the world. Given the role of immune cells in atherosclerosis development and progression, effective methods for characterizing immune cell populati...

    Authors: Yvonne Baumer, Cristhian A. Gutierrez-Huerta, Ankit Saxena, Pradeep K. Dagur, Steven D. Langerman, Kosuke Tamura, Joniqua N. Ceasar, Marcus R. Andrews, Valerie Mitchell, Billy S. Collins, Quan Yu, Heather L. Teague, Martin P. Playford, Christopher K. E. Bleck, Nehal N. Mehta, J. Philip McCoy…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:29
  29. Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) and Atrial Septal Defects (ASD) are the most common types of congenital heart diseases and a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is used dur...

    Authors: Federica Raggi, Davide Cangelosi, Pamela Becherini, Fabiola Blengio, Martina Morini, Massimo Acquaviva, Maria Luisa Belli, Giuseppe Panizzon, Giuseppe Cervo, Luigi Varesio, Alessandra Eva and Maria Carla Bosco
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:21
  30. The objectives of the study were to characterize and quantify cellular inflammation and structural remodeling of human atria and correlate findings with molecular markers of inflammation and patient surrogate ...

    Authors: Christie M. Aguiar, Kareem Gawdat, Stephanie Legere, Jean Marshall, Ansar Hassan, Petra C. Kienesberger, Thomas Pulinilkunnil, Mathieu Castonguay, Keith R. Brunt and Jean-Francois Legare
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:413
  31. Atherosclerosis preferentially develops in regions of disturbed flow (DF). Emerging evidence indicates that yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ), which are...

    Authors: Dandan Liu, Hang Lv, Qi Liu, Yanli Sun, Shenglong Hou, Lu Zhang, Mengyue Yang, Baihe Han, Gang wang, Xuedong Wang, Wenjuan Du, Honggang Nie, Ruoxi Zhang, Xingtao Huang, Jingbo Hou and Bo Yu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:378
  32. Adipokines in serum derive mainly from subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), being a relatively small but unique fat depot, probably does not make an important contributio...

    Authors: Kacper Toczylowski, Tomasz Hirnle, Dorota Harasiuk, Piotr Zabielski, Anna Lewczuk, Iwona Dmitruk, Monika Ksiazek, Artur Sulik, Jan Gorski, Adrian Chabowski and Marcin Baranowski
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:310
  33. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are cholesterol-lowering drugs widely used to treat hypercholesterolemia and prevent cardiovascular disease. Statins are generally well tolerated, but adverse reactions m...

    Authors: Estela Lorza-Gil, Marta García-Arevalo, Bianca Cristine Favero, Maria Cristina C. Gomes-Marcondes and Helena C. F. Oliveira
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:285
  34. Spaceflight or microgravity conditions cause myocardial atrophy and dysfunction, contributing to post-flight orthostatic intolerance. However, the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood and preve...

    Authors: Liwen Liang, Wenyi Yuan, Lina Qu, Huili Li, Lulu Zhang, Guo-Chang Fan and Tianqing Peng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:279
  35. Neointimal hyperplasia and its related arterial stiffness are the crucial pathophysiological features in atherosclerosis and in-stent restenosis. Cluster of differentiation 147 (CD147), a member of the immunog...

    Authors: Kisoo Pahk, Hyojin Noh, Chanmin Joung, Mi Jang, Hwa Young Song, Kyung Won Kim, Kihoon Han, Jong-Ik Hwang, Sungeun Kim and Won-Ki Kim
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:274
  36. Macrophage cholesterol efflux capacity has been identified as a predictor for cardiovascular disease. We assessed the relationship between adipocyte-derived extracellular vesicle microRNAs and macrophage chole...

    Authors: Matthew D. Barberio, Lora J. Kasselman, Martin P. Playford, Samuel B. Epstein, Heather A. Renna, Madeleine Goldberg, Joshua DeLeon, Iryna Voloshyna, Ashley Barlev, Michael Salama, Sarah C. Ferrante, Evan P. Nadler, Nehal Mehta, Allison B. Reiss and Robert J. Freishtat
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:232
  37. Chemotherapy-induced left ventricular dysfunction represents a major clinical problem, which is often only recognised at an advanced stage, when supportive therapy is ineffective. Although an early heart failu...

    Authors: Mária Lódi, Dániel Priksz, Gábor Áron Fülöp, Beáta Bódi, Alexandra Gyöngyösi, Lilla Nagy, Árpád Kovács, Attila Béla Kertész, Judit Kocsis, István Édes, Zoltán Csanádi, István Czuriga, Zoltán Kisvárday, Béla Juhász, István Lekli, Péter Bai…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:229
  38. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients display increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and are characterized by a diminished regulatory T (Treg) cell content or function. Previous studies have shown a...

    Authors: Sergio Martínez-Hervás, Verónica Sánchez-García, Andrea Herrero-Cervera, Ángela Vinué, José Tomás Real, Juan F. Ascaso, Deborah Jane Burks and Herminia González-Navarro
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:222
  39. Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the leading causes for cancer-related deaths among women. MicroRNAs (miRs) have been proved to be vital to the development and progression of OC. Hence, the study aims to evaluate...

    Authors: Jun Dai, Rujia Wei, Peihai Zhang and Beihua Kong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:190
  40. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) displays circadian variability with the highest incidence in the morning hours. Data on whether the time-of-day at symptom onset affects infarct size or patie...

    Authors: Hendrik B. Sager, Oliver Husser, Sabine Steffens, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Gjin Ndrepepa and Thorsten Kessler
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:180
  41. The sodium–glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor canagliflozin has been shown to reduce major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients, with a pronounced decrease in hospitalization for heart fail...

    Authors: Alex Ali Sayour, Sevil Korkmaz-Icöz, Sivakkanan Loganathan, Mihály Ruppert, Viktor Nabil Sayour, Attila Oláh, Kálmán Benke, Maik Brune, Rita Benkő, Eszter Mária Horváth, Matthias Karck, Béla Merkely, Tamás Radovits and Gábor Szabó
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:127
  42. Chronic low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress play important roles in the development of obesity-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we investigated the role of Fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (F...

    Authors: Zhi Geng, Wen-Yong Fan, Bing Zhou, Chao Ye, Ying Tong, Ye-Bo Zhou and Xiao-Qing Xiong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:107
  43. Oxidized low-density lipoproteins and scavenger receptors (SRs) play an important role in the formation and development of atherosclerotic plaques. However, little is known about their presence in epicardial a...

    Authors: Concepción Santiago-Fernández, Luis M. Pérez-Belmonte, Mercedes Millán-Gómez, Inmaculada Moreno-Santos, Fernando Carrasco-Chinchilla, Amalio Ruiz-Salas, Luis Morcillo-Hidalgo, José M. Melero, Lourdes Garrido-Sánchez and Manuel Jiménez-Navarro
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:95
  44. Hyperoxia-induced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) models are essential for better understanding and impacting on long-term pulmonary, cardiovascular, and neurological sequelae of this chronic disease. Only fe...

    Authors: Francesco Greco, Susanne Wiegert, Philipp Baumann, Sven Wellmann, Giovanni Pellegrini and Vincenzo Cannizzaro
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:91
  45. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of the present study was to discriminate the Indian CAD patients with...

    Authors: Ramu Adela, Podduturu Naveen Chander Reddy, Tarini Shankar Ghosh, Suruchi Aggarwal, Amit Kumar Yadav, Bhabatosh Das and Sanjay K. Banerjee
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:17
  46. Vascular grafts are widely used as a treatment in coronary artery bypass surgery, hemodialysis, peripheral arterial bypass and congenital heart disease. Various types of synthetic and natural materials were ex...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Nianguo Dong, Huimin Yan, Sze Yue Wong, Wen Zhao, Kang Xu, Dong Wang, Song Li and Xuefeng Qiu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:24
  47. Vascular shear stress promotes endothelial cell sprouting in vitro. The impact of hemodynamic forces on microRNA (miRNA) and gene expression within growing vascular networks in vivo, however, remain poorly inv...

    Authors: Dominic Henn, Masood Abu-Halima, Dominik Wermke, Florian Falkner, Benjamin Thomas, Christoph Köpple, Nicole Ludwig, Matthias Schulte, Marc A. Brockmann, Yoo-Jin Kim, Justin M. Sacks, Ulrich Kneser, Andreas Keller, Eckart Meese and Volker J. Schmidt
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:22
  48. T cells are key regulators of immunity and one of the cells recruited in atherosclerosis and participated in various stages of the development of atherosclerosis. Characterizing T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoir...

    Authors: Zhixiong Zhong, Heming Wu, Qifeng Zhang, Wei Zhong and Pingsen Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:21
  49. Endothelial-dependent atherosclerosis develops in a non-random pattern in regions of vessel bending and bifurcations, where blood flow exhibits disturbed flow (DF) patterns. In contrast, uniform flow (UF), nor...

    Authors: Ian C. Harding, Ronodeep Mitra, Solomon A. Mensah, Ira M. Herman and Eno E. Ebong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:364

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