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Computational modelling and Epidemiology

Section edited by Michael N. Liebman and Sabrina Molinaro

This section aims to allow rapid communication of methods and results that utilize computational modeling and epidemiologic approaches in translational medicine. The focus will be on population-based studies that extend towards more molecular level analysis. 

Submission of studies involving methods development is encouraged where actual application and results can be shown in the healthcare and life sciences domains. Among the approaches highlighted in this section are data-mining for health impact, data modeling, health record system design, applications of epidemiologic analysis, public policy evaluation, hypothesis evaluation and testing, risk assessment in healthcare and life sciences. These articles will describe the perspective on translational medicine where the approach and results reflect the computational modeling and epidemiologic aspects of this emerging area of research.

Featured articles

Impact of lockdown on Covid-19 case fatality rate and viral mutations spread in 7 countries in Europe and North America

Research | Maria Pachetti et al

Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase as a potential therapeutic drug target using a computational approach

Research | Syed Ovais Aftab et al


The effects of statins on dental and oral health: a review of preclinical and clinical studies

Review | Shabnam Tahamtan et al

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  1. The aim of the study was to systematically review relevant studies to evaluate the diagnostic value of urinary kidney injury molecule 1 (uKIM-1) for acute kidney injury (AKI) in adults.

    Authors: Jiwen Geng, Yuxuan Qiu, Zheng Qin and Baihai Su
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:105
  2. This study investigated whether maternal serum D-dimer (DD) alone or DD combined with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and free β-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (free β-hCG) in the second trimester could be us...

    Authors: Yiming Chen, Yijie Chen, Xue Wang, Xuelian Chu, Wenwen Ning, Linyuan Gu, Liyao Li, Zhen Xie and Caihe Wen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:94
  3. tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs) are 14–40-nucleotide-long, small non-coding RNAs derived from specific tRNA cleavage events with key regulatory functions in many biological processes. Many studies have shown tha...

    Authors: Qiong Xiao, Peng Gao, Xuanzhang Huang, Xiaowan Chen, Quan Chen, Xinger Lv, Yu Fu, Yongxi Song and Zhenning Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:88
  4. The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) testing can predict the prognosis for luminal breast cancer patients. Meanwhile, patients > 50 years with RS > 25 have improved survival with adjuvant chemotherapy. The curren...

    Authors: Jing Yu, Jiayi Wu, Ou Huang, Jianrong He, Li Zhu, Weiguo Chen, Yafen Li, Xiaosong Chen and Kunwei Shen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:75
  5. Neurotrophic tropomyosin receptor kinases (NTRKs) are a gene family function as oncogene or tumor suppressor gene in distinct cancers. We aimed to investigate the methylation and expression profiles and prognosti...

    Authors: Zijian Chen, Zenghong Huang, Yanxin Luo, Qi Zou, Liangliang Bai, Guannan Tang, Xiaolin Wang, Guangwen Cao, Meijin Huang, Jun Xiang and Huichuan Yu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:73
  6. Data analysis for biomedical research often requires a record linkage step to identify records from multiple data sources referring to the same person. Due to the lack of unique personal identifiers across the...

    Authors: Florens Rohde, Martin Franke, Ziad Sehili, Martin Lablans and Erhard Rahm
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:33
  7. Myopathies are a heterogenous collection of disorders characterized by dysfunction of skeletal muscle. In practice, myopathies are frequently encountered by physicians and precise diagnosis remains a challenge...

    Authors: Andrew Tran, Chris J. Walsh, Jane Batt, Claudia C. dos Santos and Pingzhao Hu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:454
  8. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a main pathological type of non-small cell lung cancer. It is common among elderly patients with poor prognosis. We aimed to establish an accurate nomogram to predict survival ...

    Authors: Siying Chen, Chunxia Gao, Qian Du, Lina Tang, Haisheng You and Yalin Dong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:436
  9. Metastasized clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is associated with a poor prognosis. Almost one-third of patients with non-metastatic tumors at diagnosis will later progress with metastatic disease. These...

    Authors: Emma Andersson-Evelönn, Linda Vidman, David Källberg, Mattias Landfors, Xijia Liu, Börje Ljungberg, Magnus Hultdin, Patrik Rydén and Sofie Degerman
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:435
  10. Clinical whole exome sequencing was introduced in an Australian centre in 2017, as an alternative to Sanger sequencing. We aimed to identify predictors of cancer physicians’ somatic mutation test ordering beha...

    Authors: Anastassia Demeshko, David J. Pennisi, Sushil Narayan, Stacy W. Gray, Matthew A. Brown and Aideen M. McInerney-Leo
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:431
  11. Iodine is an essential trace element for the production of thyroid hormones, and plays a key role during the gestational period for optimal foetal growth and (neuro-)development. To this day, iodine deficiency...

    Authors: Kristof Y. Neven, Bianca Cox, Karen Vrijens, Michelle Plusquin, Harry A. Roels, Ann Ruttens and Tim S. Nawrot
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:426
  12. Medical data from family doctors are of great importance to health care researchers but seem to be locked in German practices and, thus, are underused in research. The RADAR project (Routine Anonymized Data fo...

    Authors: Thomas Bahls, Johannes Pung, Stephanie Heinemann, Johannes Hauswaldt, Iris Demmer, Arne Blumentritt, Henriette Rau, Johannes Drepper, Philipp Wieder, Roland Groh, Eva Hummers and Falk Schlegelmilch
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:394
  13. Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by psychiatric symptoms, serious motor and cognitive deficits. Certain pathological changes can already be observed in pre-symptomatic HD...

    Authors: Chunchen Xiang, Shengri Cong, Bin Liang and Shuyan Cong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:388
  14. From a global viewpoint, endometrial cancer belongs to the most common female cancers. Despite the heavy burden of diseases and numerous unanswered questions, no detailed pictures of the global structure of en...

    Authors: Dörthe Brüggmann, Katja Ouassou, Doris Klingelhöfer, Michael K. Bohlmann, Jenny Jaque and David A. Groneberg
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:386
  15. It often takes more than 10 years and costs more than 1 billion dollars to develop a new drug for a particular disease and bring it to the market. Drug repositioning can significantly reduce costs and time in ...

    Authors: Ghazale Fahimian, Javad Zahiri, Seyed Shahriar Arab and Reza H. Sajedi
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:375
  16. Cannabis has been documented for use in alleviating anxiety. However, certain research has also shown that it can produce feelings of anxiety, panic, paranoia and psychosis. In humans, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (TH...

    Authors: Lara Sharpe, Justin Sinclair, Andrew Kramer, Michael de Manincor and Jerome Sarris
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:374
  17. Kidney transplantation is the optimal treatment to cure the patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, the infectious complication, especially pneumonia, is the main cause of mortality in the early...

    Authors: Bo Peng, Hang Gong, Han Tian, Quan Zhuang, Junhui Li, Ke Cheng and Yingzi Ming
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:370
  18. The complexities of modern biomedicine are rapidly increasing. Thus, modeling and simulation have become increasingly important as a strategy to understand and predict the trajectory of pathophysiology, diseas...

    Authors: Ahmet Erdemir, Lealem Mulugeta, Joy P. Ku, Andrew Drach, Marc Horner, Tina M. Morrison, Grace C. Y. Peng, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli, William W. Lytton and Jerry G. Myers Jr.
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:369
  19. The prediction of potential drug-target interactions (DTIs) not only provides a better comprehension of biological processes but also is critical for identifying new drugs. However, due to the disadvantages of...

    Authors: Bo-Ya Ji, Zhu-Hong You, Han-Jing Jiang, Zhen-Hao Guo and Kai Zheng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:347
  20. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), spreads rapidly and has attracted worldwide attention.

    Authors: Shuo Jiang, Qiuyue Li, Chaoqun Li, Shanshan Liu, Xiaomeng He, Tao Wang, Hua Li, Christopher Corpe, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jianqing Xu and Jin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:345
  21. Severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV-2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China and has become a public health emergency of international concern. SARS-CoV-2 outbrea...

    Authors: Maria Pachetti, Bruna Marini, Fabiola Giudici, Francesca Benedetti, Silvia Angeletti, Massimo Ciccozzi, Claudio Masciovecchio, Rudy Ippodrino and Davide Zella
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:338
  22. Patients with severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) will progress rapidly to acute respiratory failure or death. We aimed to develop a quantitative tool for early predicting mortality risk of patients wit...

    Authors: Zhihong Weng, Qiaosen Chen, Sumeng Li, Huadong Li, Qian Zhang, Sihong Lu, Li Wu, Leiqun Xiong, Bobin Mi, Di Liu, Mengji Lu, Dongliang Yang, Hongbo Jiang, Shaoping Zheng and Xin Zheng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:328
  23. Serum cell-free DNA (cfDNA) holds promise as a non-invasive cancer biomarker. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of cfDNA concentration with clinicopathologic variables of poor prognos...

    Authors: Gregory M. Gressel, Elaine C. Maggi, Bryan E. Harmon, Kenny Q. Ye, D. Y. S. Kuo, Siobhan M. Dolan and Cristina Montagna
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:323
  24. Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory hormone-dependent condition associated with pelvic pain and infertility, characterized by the growth of ectopic endometrium outside the uterus. Given its still unknown e...

    Authors: Helena Malvezzi, Eliana Blini Marengo, Sérgio Podgaec and Carla de Azevedo Piccinato
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:311
  25. The severe acute respiratory syndrome virus SARS-CoV-2, a close relative of the SARS-CoV virus, is the cause of the recent COVID-19 pandemic affecting, to date, over 14 million individuals across the globe and...

    Authors: Nophar Geifman and Anthony D. Whetton
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:297
  26. The Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak originating in Wuhan, China, has raised global health concerns and the pandemic has now been reported on all inhabited continen...

    Authors: Syed Ovais Aftab, Muhammad Zubair Ghouri, Muhammad Umer Masood, Zeshan Haider, Zulqurnain Khan, Aftab Ahmad and Nayla Munawar
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:275
  27. Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many researchers in China have performed related clinical research. However, systematic reviews of the registered clinical trials are still lacking. T...

    Authors: Rui-fang Zhu, Yu-lu Gao, Sue-Ho Robert, Jin-ping Gao, Shi-gui Yang and Chang-tai Zhu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:274
  28. Lung cancer (LC) remains the deadliest form of cancer globally. While surgery remains the optimal treatment strategy for individuals with early-stage LC, what the metabolic consequences are of such surgical in...

    Authors: Dawei Yang, Xiaofang Yang, Yang Li, Peige Zhao, Rao Fu, Tianying Ren, Ping Hu, Yaping Wu, Hongjun Yang and Na Guo
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:243
  29. Controversy remains whether white coat hypertension (WCH) is associated with renal prognosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

    Authors: Qin Wang, Yu Wang, Jinwei Wang, Luxia Zhang and Ming-hui Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:238

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:282

  30. Epidemiological, virological and pathogenetic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection are under evaluation. A better understanding of the pathophysiology associated with COVID-19 is crucial to improve treatmen...

    Authors: Francesco Messina, Emanuela Giombini, Chiara Agrati, Francesco Vairo, Tommaso Ascoli Bartoli, Samir Al Moghazi, Mauro Piacentini, Franco Locatelli, Gary Kobinger, Markus Maeurer, Alimuddin Zumla, Maria R. Capobianchi, Francesco Nicola Lauria and Giuseppe Ippolito
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:233
  31. Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most severe manifestations of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the leading cause of death from non-infectious diseases worldwide. It is known that the central componen...

    Authors: German Osmak, Natalia Baulina, Philipp Koshkin and Olga Favorova
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:231
  32. The high prevalence of mental stress induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) causes double risk of adverse cardiac events in patients with MSIMI. However, multiple types of mental stress, diagnostic techniques, an...

    Authors: Lijun Zhang, Yanping Bao, Xi Wang, Yuxin Zhou, Shuhui Tao, Wan Xu and Meiyan Liu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:218
  33. The association between blood pressure change and kidney damage in patients with abnormal blood glucose remains unclear. The current study aimed to identify systolic blood pressure (SBP) trajectories among the...

    Authors: Zi-Jun Sun, Jin-Wei Wang, Dong-Yuan Chang, Shuo-Hua Chen, Hui-Fen Zhang, Shou-Ling Wu, Kevin He, Lu-Xia Zhang, Min Chen and Ming-Hui Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:194
  34. The modified Gompertz equation has been proposed to fit experimental data for direct current treated tumors when multiple-straight needle electrodes are individually inserted into the base perpendicular to the...

    Authors: Narciso Antonio Villar Goris, Jorge Luis García Rodríguez, Maraelys Morales González, Beatriz Olivares Borges, Dasha Fuentes Morales, Enaide Maine Calzado, Antonio Rafael Selva Castañeda, Leonardo Mesa Torres, Juan Ignacio Montijano, Victoriano Gustavo Sierra González, Daniel Jay Pérez, Oscar Ortiz Posada, Janet Avellanet Martínez, Arlem García Delgado, Karina García Martínez, Mayrel Labrada Mon…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:190
  35. The prognosis of patients with advanced schistosomiasis is poor. Pre-existing prognosis studies did not differentiate the causes of the deaths. The objectives were to evaluate the 2-year overall survival (OS) ...

    Authors: Guo Li, Lifei Lian, Shanshan Huang, Jinfeng Miao, Huan Cao, Chengchao Zuo, Xiaoyan Liu and Zhou Zhu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:187
  36. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), which is the most common endocrine malignancy, has been steadily increasing worldwide in incidence over the years, while mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and diagnostic...

    Authors: Yang Liu, Ting-Yu Chen, Zhi-Yan Yang, Wei Fang, Qian Wu and Chao Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:170
  37. Studies on the early 2000s documented increasing attrition rates and duration of clinical trials, leading to a representation of a “productivity crisis” in pharmaceutical research and development (R&D). In thi...

    Authors: Fabio Pammolli, Lorenzo Righetto, Sergio Abrignani, Luca Pani, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci and Emanuele Rabosio
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:162
  38. The formal risk assessment is essential in the management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this study, we develop a risk model for the prediction of 3-year mortality for Chinese ACS patients with machine l...

    Authors: Yi-ming Li, Zhuo-lun Li, Fei Chen, Qi Liu, Yong Peng and Mao Chen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:157
  39. The statin family of drugs are safe and effective therapeutic agents for the treatment of arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Due to a wide range of health benefits in addition to their cholesterol ...

    Authors: Shabnam Tahamtan, Farinaz Shirban, Mohammad Bagherniya, Thomas P. Johnston and Amirhossein Sahebkar
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:155
  40. The selection of treatment for a patient with breast cancer largely relies on the cancer subtype. However, this process is complicated by changes in tumor biology at relapse. Smoking has been identified as a r...

    Authors: Koji Takada, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Yuka Asano, Wataru Goto, Rika Kouhashi, Akimichi Yabumoto, Tamami Morisaki, Hisakazu Fujita, Masatsune Shibutani, Tsutomu Takashima, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:153
  41. Current guidelines recommend angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) as a first-line therapy in diabetic hypertensive patients and for secondary prevention in patien...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Xiaosong Ding, Bing Hua, Qingbo Liu, Hui Chen, Xue-Qiao Zhao, Weiping Li and Hongwei Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:150
  42. Given that abnormal autophagy is involved in the pathogenesis of cancers, we sought to explore the potential value of autophagy-associated genes in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD).

    Authors: Xiaofei Wang, Shuang Yao, Zengtuan Xiao, Jialin Gong, Zuo Liu, Baoai Han and Zhenfa Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:149
  43. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem and cause of mortality worldwide. However, COPD in the early stage is usually not recognized and diagnosed. It is necessary to esta...

    Authors: Xia Ma, Yanping Wu, Ling Zhang, Weilan Yuan, Li Yan, Sha Fan, Yunzhi Lian, Xia Zhu, Junhui Gao, Jiangman Zhao, Ping Zhang, Hui Tang and Weihua Jia
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:146
  44. Bladder cancer is the most common cancer in the urinary system and the fourth most common cancer in males. This study aimed to examine differences in the survival of bladder cancer patients of different ethnic...

    Authors: Wei Fang, Zhi-Yan Yang, Ting-Yu Chen, Xian-Feng Shen and Chao Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:145

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:486

  45. As the most common form of lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a clinical highly heterogeneous disease with variability in therapeutic outcomes and biological features. It is a challenge to iden...

    Authors: Jinglei Hu, Jing Xu, Muqiao Yu, Yongchao Gao, Rong Liu, Honghao Zhou and Wei Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:144
  46. Smoke inhalation injury increases overall burn mortality by up to 20 times. Current therapy remains supportive with a failure to identify an optimal or targeted treatment protocol for smoke inhalation injury. ...

    Authors: Alexandra Mercel, Nick D. Tsihlis, Rob Maile and Melina R. Kibbe
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:141
  47. The rise in incidence and mortality of gastrointestinal mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) has not been well focused. The aim of our study was to examine epidemiological trends in incidence and incide...

    Authors: Jiakun Wang, Aoxiao He, Qian Feng, Ping Hou, Junjun Wu, Zhihao Huang, Zhouqing Xiao, Chi Sun, Wenjun Liao and Linquan Wu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:128

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