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Clinical translation

Section edited by Lana Kandalaft

This section aims to allow rapid communication of innovative early phase clinical trials, where novel scientific ideas are translated to the clinic. These include clinical trials that are distinguished for their novelty in approach, design or indication, timeliness, and unique ability to translate laboratory concepts from the bench to the bedside. Manuscripts are submitted typically at the time a clinical trial has gained full regulatory approval and is being initiated. No clinical results are required. These articles review the background, rationale, clinical design and approach, translational endpoints and expected outcomes of a new clinical trial in a scholarly manner, and provide the opportunity to investigators to share their views and clinical translation efforts with a wide audience at an early stage.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a life-threatening disease in immunosuppressed patients. Voriconazole is commonly used to prevent and treat IPA in the clinic, but the optimal prophylactic antifungal ...

    Authors: Taotao Wang, Tao Zhang, Ti Meng, Ying Li, Lu Chen, Qianting Yang, Haiyan Dong, Jin’e Lei, Limei Chen and Yalin Dong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:157

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  2. Content type: Review

    Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is a highly heterogeneous subtype of breast cancer that lacks the expression of oestrogen receptors, progesterone receptors and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Al...

    Authors: Zehuan Li, Yiran Qiu, Weiqi Lu, Ying Jiang and Jin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:147

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  3. Content type: Research

    Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the most common form of inherited retinal dystrophy presenting remarkable genetic heterogeneity. Genetic annotations would help with better clinical assessments and benefit gene th...

    Authors: Xue Chen, Xunlun Sheng, Yani Liu, Zili Li, Xiantao Sun, Chao Jiang, Rui Qi, Shiqin Yuan, Xuhui Wang, Ge Zhou, Yanyan Zhen, Ping Xie, Qinghuai Liu, Biao Yan and Chen Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:145

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  4. Content type: Research

    Hairless mice have been widely applied in skin-related researches, while hairless pigs will be an ideal model for skin-related study and other biomedical researches because of the similarity of skin structure ...

    Authors: Yu-Min Liu, Wei Liu, Jun-Shuang Jia, Bang-Zhu Chen, Heng-Wei Chen, Yu Liu, Ya-Nan Bie, Peng Gu, Yan Sun, Dong Xiao and Wei-Wang Gu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:141

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  5. Content type: Research

    Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have great potential in both basic research and clinical application for the managements of cancer. However, the complicated fabrication processes and expensive materials of the ...

    Authors: Chaogang Yang, Nangang Zhang, Shuyi Wang, Dongdong Shi, Chunxiao Zhang, Kan Liu and Bin Xiong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:139

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  6. Content type: Research

    Cathepsin K is an attractive therapeutic target for diseases in which bone resorption is excessive such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis (OA). The current paper characterized the pharmacological profile of t...

    Authors: Erik Lindström, Biljana Rizoska, Ian Henderson, Ylva Terelius, Markus Jerling, Charlotte Edenius and Urszula Grabowska

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:125

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  7. Content type: Review

    Historically, research and development (R&D) in the pharmaceutical sector has predominantly been an in-house activity. To enable investments for game changing late-stage assets and to enable better and less co...

    Authors: Alexander Schuhmacher, Oliver Gassmann, Nigel McCracken and Markus Hinder

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:119

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  8. Content type: Research

    This study aimed to establish an effective predictive nomogram for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with chronic hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection.

    Authors: Shulin Chen, Yanzhen Lai, Zhengqiang He, Jianpei Li, Xia He, Rui Shen, Qiuying Ding, Hao Chen, Songguo Peng and Wanli Liu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:116

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  9. Content type: Review

    Successful oncological drug development for bone and soft tissue sarcoma is grossly stagnating. A major obstacle in this process is the lack of appropriate animal models recapitulating the complexity and heter...

    Authors: Wan Lu, Tu Chao, Chen Ruiqi, Su Juan and Li Zhihong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:107

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  10. Content type: Research

    Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) occurs in 3–5% in about 30% of cases no cause can be found. Women with RPL show higher prevalence of undiagnosed gut disorders. Furthermore, in endometrial tissues of RPL women, ...

    Authors: C. Tersigni, S. D’Ippolito, F. Di Nicuolo, R. Marana, V. Valenza, V. Masciullo, F. Scaldaferri, F. Malatacca, C. de Waure, A. Gasbarrini, G. Scambia and N. Di Simone

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:102

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:83

  11. Content type: Meeting report

    As part of the 2017 Melanoma Bridge congress (November 30–December 2, 2017, Napoli, Italy), the great debate session featured counterpoint views from leading experts on three contemporary controversial clinica...

    Authors: Paolo A. Ascierto, Corrado Caracò, Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, Omid Hamid, Merrick Ross, Ryan J. Sullivan and Igor Puzanov

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:101

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  12. Content type: Research

    ALK rearrangement-advanced NSCLC patients respond to crizotinib. ALK rearrangement is currently determined with RT-PCR. VENTANA IHC is a standard method to identify ALK protein overexpression in NSCLC; however, V...

    Authors: Chun-wei Xu, Wen-xian Wang, Yan-ping Chen, Yu Chen, Wei Liu, Li-hua Zhong, Fang-fang Chen, Wu Zhuang, Zheng-bo Song, Xiao-hui Chen, Yun-jian Huang, Yan-fang Guan, Xin Yi, Tang-feng Lv, Wei-feng Zhu, Jian-ping Lu…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:93

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  13. Content type: Research

    Articular cartilage degeneration plays a key role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Bushenhuoxue formula (BSHXF) has been widely used in the treatment of OA in clinics. However, the molecular mechani...

    Authors: Ping-er Wang, Lei Zhang, Jun Ying, Xing Jin, Cheng Luo, Shibing Xu, Rui Dong, Luwei Xiao, Peijian Tong and Hongting Jin

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:72

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  14. Content type: Research

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by chronic inflammation of colon. It is commonly believed that the imbalance of immune system and overwhelming production of ...

    Authors: Baoren Zhang, Yi Liu, Xu Lan, Xiaoxi Xu, Xiaoning Zhang, Xiang Li, Yiming Zhao, Guang Li, Caigan Du, Shanzheng Lu and Hao Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:71

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  15. Content type: Research

    Periampullary adenocarcinomas, including pancreatic cancer, are a heterogeneous group of tumors with poor prognosis, where classification into intestinal type (I-type) or pancreatobiliary type (PB-type) is a r...

    Authors: Margareta Heby, Sebastian Lundgren, Björn Nodin, Jacob Elebro, Jakob Eberhard and Karin Jirström

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:66

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  16. Content type: Research

    Diagnosis of de novo immune hepatitis (dnIH) after liver transplantation relies on biopsy findings, with an abundance of plasma cells (PCs) in the inflammatory infiltrates a hallmark of the disease. Very littl...

    Authors: Elena Aguado-Domínguez, Lourdes Gómez, José Manuel Sousa, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Bravo, Antonio Núñez-Roldán and Isabel Aguilera

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:62

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  17. Content type: Research

    MIV-711 is a highly potent and selective cathepsin K inhibitor. The current article summarizes the therapeutic effects of MIV-711 on joint pathology in rabbits subjected to anterior cruciate ligament transecti...

    Authors: Erik Lindström, Biljana Rizoska, Karin Tunblad, Charlotte Edenius, Alison M. Bendele, Don Maul, Michael Larson, Neha Shah, Valerie Yoder Otto, Chris Jerome and Urszula Grabowska

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:56

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  18. Content type: Research

    Medical therapeutic options remain quite limited for uterine fibroids treatment. Statins, competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase, have anti-tumoral effects on multiple cancer...

    Authors: Zhaojun Shen, Saisai Li, Bo Sheng, Qi Shen, Lu-Zhe Sun, Haiyan Zhu and Xueqiong Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:53

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  19. Content type: Research

    The cytokine interleukin-18 was originally identified as an interferon-γ-inducing proinflammatory factor; however, there is increasing evidence to suggest that it has non-immunological effects on physiological...

    Authors: Kyosuke Yamanishi, Keiichiro Mukai, Takuya Hashimoto, Kaoru Ikubo, Keiji Nakasho, Yosif El-Darawish, Wen Li, Daisuke Okuzaki, Yuko Watanabe, Tetsu Hayakawa, Hiroshi Nojima, Hiromichi Yamanishi, Haruki Okamura and Hisato Matsunaga

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:51

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  20. Content type: Research

    Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a clonal malignant disorder characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of immature B or T lymphocytes. Extensive studies have suggested an involvement of angiogenesis ...

    Authors: Manman Deng, Jie Zha, Zhiwu Jiang, Xian Jia, Yuanfei Shi, Peng Li, Xiao Lei Chen, Zhihong Fang, Zhiqiang Du and Bing Xu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:47

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  21. Content type: Research

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most incident cancers, associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and usually classified into three main molecular pathways: chromosomal instability, microsatell...

    Authors: Micaela Freitas, Fábio Ferreira, Sónia Carvalho, Fernanda Silva, Paula Lopes, Luís Antunes, Sofia Salta, Francisca Diniz, Lúcio Lara Santos, José Flávio Videira, Rui Henrique and Carmen Jerónimo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:45

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  22. Content type: Research

    Laron syndrome is an autosomal disease resulting from mutations in the growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene. The only therapeutic treatment for Laron syndrome is recombinant insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), wh...

    Authors: Honghao Yu, Weihu Long, Xuezeng Zhang, Kaixiang Xu, Jianxiong Guo, Heng Zhao, Honghui Li, Yubo Qing, Weirong Pan, Baoyu Jia, Hong-Ye Zhao, Xingxu Huang and Hong-Jiang Wei

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:41

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  23. Content type: Review

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the result of a complex process in which several prenatal and/or postnatal factors interfere with lower respiratory tract development, leading to a severe, lifelong disease....

    Authors: Nicola Principi, Giada Maria Di Pietro and Susanna Esposito

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:36

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  24. Content type: Research

    Cross-sectional investigations report shorter telomeres in patients with heart failure (HF); however, no studies describe telomere length (TL) trajectory and its relationship with HF progression. Here we aimed...

    Authors: Iris Teubel, Elena Elchinova, Santiago Roura, Marco A. Fernández, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Pedro Moliner, Marta de Antonio, Josep Lupón and Antoni Bayés-Genís

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:35

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  25. Content type: Review

    Organ transplantation remains to be a treatment of choice for patients suffering from irreversible organ failure. Immunosuppressive (IS) drugs employed to maintain the allograft have shown excellent short-term...

    Authors: Urvashi Kaundal, Upma Bagai and Aruna Rakha

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:31

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  26. Content type: Research

    Dipstick test is widely used to support the diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTI). It is effective in ruling out UTI, but urine culture is needed for diagnosis confirmation. In this study we compared the...

    Authors: Diana Lelli, Claudio Pedone, Pamela Alemanno, Alessandra Bertini, Claudia Di Gioia, Sara Fazzina, Giorgio Pennazza, Marco Santonico, Simone Grasso, Alessandro Zompanti, Silvia Angeletti and Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:17

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  27. Content type: Research

    Squamous cell carcinoma is the dominant type of esophageal cancer in China with many patients initially diagnosed at advanced stage. Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) models have been developed to be an importa...

    Authors: Jianling Zou, Ying Liu, Jingyuan Wang, Zhentao Liu, Zhihao Lu, Zuhua Chen, Zhongwu Li, Bin Dong, Wenwen Huang, Yanyan Li, Jing Gao and Lin Shen

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:15

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  28. Content type: Research

    To analyze the prognostic value of preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in predicting the survival outcome of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) patients receiving radical surgery.

    Authors: Lu-Lu Ye, Ronald Wihal Oei, Fang-Fang Kong, Cheng-Run Du, Rui-Ping Zhai, Qing-Hai Ji, Chao-Su Hu and Hong-Mei Ying

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:12

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  29. Content type: Research

    Alveolar cleft repair is performed via bone grafting procedure to restore the dental arch continuity. A suitable bone substitute materials should possess osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties, to promo...

    Authors: Mohammad Kamal, Lars Andersson, Rene Tolba, Adel Al-Asfour, Alexander K. Bartella, Felix Gremse, Stefanie Rosenhain, Frank Hölzle, Peter Kessler and Bernd Lethaus

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:263

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  30. Content type: Research

    Coexistence of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and BRAF gene aberrations has been described in many cancer types. In this study, we aim to explore the coexistence status of BRAF V600E mutation and the copy num...

    Authors: Huan Yu, Meng Ma, Junya Yan, Longwen Xu, Jiayi Yu, Jie Dai, Tianxiao Xu, Huan Tang, Xiaowen Wu, Siming Li, Bin Lian, Lili Mao, Zhihong Chi, Chuanliang Cui, Jun Guo and Yan Kong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:243

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  31. Content type: Research

    Evidence supports the existence of different subphenotypes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the pivotal role of cytokines and autoantibodies, which interact in a highly complex network. Thus, understa...

    Authors: Yovana Pacheco, Julián Barahona-Correa, Diana M. Monsalve, Yeny Acosta-Ampudia, Manuel Rojas, Yhojan Rodríguez, Juliana Saavedra, Mónica Rodríguez-Jiménez, Rubén D. Mantilla, Carolina Ramírez-Santana, Nicolás Molano-González and Juan-Manuel Anaya

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:239

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  32. Content type: Review

    Medical imaging has become a central component of patient care to ensure early and accurate diagnosis. Unfortunately, many imaging modalities use ionizing radiation to generate images. Ionizing radiation even ...

    Authors: Tyler A. Smith, Daniel R. Kirkpatrick, Sean Smith, Trevor K. Smith, Tate Pearson, Aparna Kailasam, Kortney Z. Herrmann, Johanna Schubert and Devendra K. Agrawal

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:232

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  33. Content type: Research

    Pigs have many features that make them attractive as biomedical models for various diseases, including cancer. P53 is an important tumor suppressor gene that exerts a central role in protecting cells from onco...

    Authors: Youfeng Shen, Kaixiang Xu, Zaimei Yuan, Jianxiong Guo, Heng Zhao, Xuezeng Zhang, Lu Zhao, Yubo Qing, Honghui Li, Weirong Pan, Baoyu Jia, Hong-Ye Zhao and Hong-Jiang Wei

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:224

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  34. Content type: Commentary

    Immunotherapies have emerged as one of the most promising approaches to treat patients with cancer. Recently, the entire medical oncology field has been revolutionized by the introduction of immune checkpoints...

    Authors: Giuseppe V. Masucci, Alessandra Cesano, Alexander Eggermont, Bernard A. Fox, Ena Wang, Francesco M. Marincola, Gennaro Ciliberto, Kevin Dobbin, Igor Puzanov, Janis Taube, Jennifer Wargo, Lisa H. Butterfield, Lisa Villabona, Magdalena Thurin, Michael A. Postow, Paul M. Sondel…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:223

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  35. Content type: Research

    Microparticles (MPs) are small (<1 μm) cell membrane-derived vesicles that are formed in response to cellular activation or early stages of apoptosis. Increased plasma MP levels have been associated with liver...

    Authors: Cornelius Engelmann, Katrin Splith, Sandra Krohn, Adam Herber, Albrecht Boehlig, Stephan Boehm, Johann Pratschke, Thomas Berg and Moritz Schmelzle

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:188

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  36. Content type: Research

    Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are severe inflammatory lung diseases. Methylprednisolone (MP) is a common drug against inflammation in clinic. In this study, we aim to i...

    Authors: Guo-wei Tu, Yi Shi, Yi-jun Zheng, Min-jie Ju, Hong-yu He, Guo-guang Ma, Guang-wei Hao and Zhe Luo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:181

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  37. Content type: Research

    Red blood cell (RBC) depletion is a standard graft manipulation technique for ABO-incompatible bone marrow (BM) transplants. The BM processing module for Spectra Optia, “BMC”, was previously introduced. We her...

    Authors: Soo-Zin Kim-Wanner, Gesine Bug, Juliane Steinmann, Salem Ajib, Nadine Sorg, Carolin Poppe, Milica Bunos, Eva Wingenfeld, Christiane Hümmer, Beate Luxembourg, Erhard Seifried and Halvard Bonig

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:174

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  38. Content type: Review

    Most modern societies undergo rapid population aging. The rise in life expectancy, nevertheless, is not accompanied, to date, by the same increment of healthspan. Efforts to increase healthspan by means of sup...

    Authors: Alexander Vaiserman and Oleh Lushchak

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:160

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  39. Content type: Review

    While many decades of scientific research studies have gone into harnessing the power of the immune system to fight cancer, only recently have cancer immunotherapeutic approaches begun to show robust clinical ...

    Authors: Mohammad Haris, Puneet Bagga, Hari Hariharan, Bevin McGettigan-Croce, Laura A. Johnson and Ravinder Reddy

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:140

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  40. Content type: Review

    Many cancers, including breast cancer, have demonstrated prognosis and support advantages thanks to the discovery of targeted therapies. The advent of these new approaches marked the rise of precision medicine...

    Authors: Ali Bettaieb, Catherine Paul, Stéphanie Plenchette, Jingxuan Shan, Lotfi Chouchane and François Ghiringhelli

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:139

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  41. Content type: Review

    The pursuit for clarity in diagnostic and treatment pathways for the complex, chronic condition of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) continues. This systematic review raises a novel q...

    Authors: Amy Wallis, Michelle Ball, Sandra McKechnie, Henry Butt, Donald P. Lewis and Dorothy Bruck

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:129

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  42. Content type: Research

    Cell cycle dysregulation is common in human malignancies, and CDK4/6 inhibitors targeting cell cycle have potential antitumor activity. SHR6390 is a novel small molecule inhibitor specifically targeting the CD...

    Authors: Jiayuan Wang, Qingqing Li, Jiajia Yuan, Jingyuan Wang, Zuhua Chen, Zhentao Liu, Zhongwu Li, Yumei Lai, Jing Gao and Lin Shen

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:127

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  43. Content type: Research

    Electrochemotherapy (ECT), by combining manageable cytotoxic agents with short electric pulses, represents an effective palliative skin-directed therapy. The accumulated evidence indicates that ECT stands out ...

    Authors: Luca G. Campana, Roberto Marconato, Sara Valpione, Sara Galuppo, Mauro Alaibac, Carlo R. Rossi and Simone Mocellin

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:122

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  44. Content type: Research

    Image contrast enhanced by exogenous contrast agents plays a crucial role in the early detection, characterization, and determination of the precise location of cancers. Here, we investigate the feasibility of...

    Authors: Puneet Bagga, Mohammad Haris, Kevin D’Aquilla, Neil E. Wilson, Francesco M. Marincola, Mitchell D. Schnall, Hari Hariharan and Ravinder Reddy

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:119

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