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Combination strategies

Section edited by Paolo A. Ascierto

This section aims to provide a focal point for research that highlights combination therapies, where two or more medications or therapies are strategically combined to improve the treatment of cancer, chronic infections, transplantation and potentially other complex and multi-factorial diseases.

Increasingly detailed understanding of the molecular basis driving complex disease has led to the identifications of new agents that target specific pathways. In some cases treatment of appropriately selected patients has led to striking clinical response, however both primary and secondary resistance mechanisms limited the success of many of these agents. It has become clear that combining or sequencing treatment modalities may en to enrich the communication between basic biological and immunological sciences and the clinical investigation arena.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Synergistic cytotoxicity with high-dose statins and erlotinib has been demonstrated in preclinical models across a number of tumour types. In this phase I study, we evaluated the safety and potential anti-tumo...

    Authors: Glenwood D. Goss, Derek J. Jonker, Scott A. Laurie, Johanne I. Weberpals, Amit M. Oza, Johanna N. Spaans, Charles la Porte and Jim Dimitroulakos

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:83

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  2. Content type: Research

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths and Malignant Pleural Effusion (MPE) is a frequent complication. Current therapies suffer from lack of efficacy in a great percentage of cases, especia...

    Authors: Giuseppe Roscilli, Claudia De Vitis, Fabiana Fosca Ferrara, Alessia Noto, Emanuela Cherubini, Alberto Ricci, Salvatore Mariotta, Enrico Giarnieri, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Maria Rosaria Torrisi, Francesca Bergantino, Susan Costantini, Francesca Fenizia, Matilde Lambiase, Luigi Aurisicchio, Nicola Normanno…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:61

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  3. Content type: Research

    Previous studies suggest that certain transition metal complexes, such as cisplatin, are efficacious for treating various cancer types, including ovarian, lung, and breast.

    Authors: Joji Iida, Elisabeth T. Bell-Loncella, Marc L. Purazo, Yifeng Lu, Jesse Dorchak, Rebecca Clancy, Julianna Slavik, Mary Lou Cutler and Craig D. Shriver

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:48

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  4. Content type: Research

    The majority of glioblastomas have aberrant receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)/RAS/phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways and malignant glioma cells are thought to be addicted to these signaling pathw...

    Authors: Takashi Shingu, Lindsay Holmes, Verlene Henry, Qianghu Wang, Khatri Latha, Anupama E. Gururaj, Laura A. Gibson, Tiffany Doucette, Frederick F. Lang, Ganesh Rao, Liang Yuan, Erik P. Sulman, Nicholas P. Farrell, Waldemar Priebe, Kenneth R. Hess, Yaoqi A. Wang…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2016 14:46

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  5. Content type: Research

    Constitutive MET signaling promotes invasiveness in most primary and recurrent GBM. However, deployment of available MET-targeting agents is confounded by lack of effective biomarkers for selecting suitable pa...

    Authors: Jennifer Johnson, Maria Libera Ascierto, Sandeep Mittal, David Newsome, Liang Kang, Michael Briggs, Kirk Tanner, Francesco M. Marincola, Michael E. Berens, George F. Vande Woude and Qian Xie

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:306

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  6. Content type: Editorial

    Melanoma was again a focus of attention at the 2015 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, in particular the use of combination treatment strategies involving immunotherapies and/or tar...

    Authors: Paolo A Ascierto, Francesco M Marincola and Michael B Atkins

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:213

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  7. Content type: Research

    V600 BRAF mutations drive approximately 50% of metastatic melanoma which can be therapeutically targeted by BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi) and, based on resistance mechanisms, the co...

    Authors: Jenny E Hernandez-Davies, Thai Q Tran, Michael A Reid, Kimberly R Rosales, Xazmin H Lowman, Min Pan, Gatien Moriceau, Ying Yang, Jun Wu, Roger S Lo and Mei Kong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:210

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  8. Content type: Research

    Growing awareness of the complexity of carcinogenesis has made multimodal therapies for cancer increasingly compelling and relevant. In recent years, immunotherapy has gained acceptance as an active therapeuti...

    Authors: Anna R Kwilas, Andressa Ardiani, Renee N Donahue, Dana T Aftab and James W Hodge

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:294

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  9. Content type: Research

    This study was conducted to determine if anti-tumor vaccination administered prior to partial debulking surgery could improve survival using a murine solid tumour model.

    Authors: Scott A Fisher, Amanda Cleaver, Devina D Lakhiani, Andrea Khong, Theresa Connor, Ben Wylie, W Joost Lesterhuis, Bruce WS Robinson and Richard A Lake

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:245

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  10. Content type: Research

    Advances in melanoma treatment through targeted inhibition of oncogenic BRAF are limited owing to the development of acquired resistance. The involvement of BRAFV600E in metabolic reprogramming of melanoma cells ...

    Authors: Cecilie Abildgaard, Christina Dahl, Astrid L Basse, Tao Ma and Per Guldberg

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:247

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  11. Content type: Research

    The treatment of human cancer has been seriously hampered for decades by resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. A very efficient mechanism of tumor resistance to drugs is the proton pumps-mediated acidification...

    Authors: Enrico P Spugnini, Sabrina Buglioni, Francesca Carocci, Menicagli Francesco, Bruno Vincenzi, Maurizio Fanciulli and Stefano Fais

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:225

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  12. Content type: Research

    Aurora kinase A (AurkA) is over-expressed in melanoma and its inhibition has been observed to limit tumor growth, suggesting a potential role in melanoma treatment.

    Authors: Emilia Caputo, Roberta Miceli, Maria Letizia Motti, Rosarita Taté, Federica Fratangelo, Gerardo Botti, Nicola Mozzillo, Maria Vincenza Carriero, Ernesta Cavalcanti, Giuseppe Palmieri, Gennaro Ciliberto, Giuseppe Pirozzi and Paolo Antonio Ascierto

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:216

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  13. Content type: Meeting report

    New approaches to generate effective anticancer responses by either inducing immune responses or inhibiting immunosuppression are under development to improve efficacy in patients. On March 4-5th, 2014, a symposi...

    Authors: M Ángela Aznar, Ignacio Melero and José I Quetglas

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:202

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  14. Content type: Research

    The capacity of the recombinant Vaccinia virus GLV-1h68 as a single agent to efficiently treat different human or canine cancers has been shown in several preclinical studies. Currently, its human safety and e...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hofmann, Stephanie Weibel and Aladar A Szalay

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:197

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  15. Content type: Methodology

    Our goal was to test whether short-term intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHH) at a level well tolerated by healthy humans could, in combination with muscle electro-stimulation (ME), mobilize circulating progeni...

    Authors: Luisa Corral, Casimiro Javierre, Juan Blasi, Ginés Viscor, Antoni Ricart and Josep Lluis Ventura

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:174

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  16. Content type: Research

    The methylation inhibitor 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine (decitabine, DAC) has a great therapeutic value for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). But decitabine monotherapy was associated ...

    Authors: Kongfei Li, Chao Hu, Chen Mei, Zhigang Ren, Juan Carlos Vera, Zhengping Zhuang, Jie Jin and Hongyan Tong

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:167

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  17. Content type: Research

    Alterations in key-regulator genes of disease pathogenesis (BRAF, cKIT, CyclinD1) have been evaluated in patients with multiple primary melanoma (MPM).

    Authors: Maria Colombino, MariaCristina Sini, Amelia Lissia, Vincenzo De Giorgi, Ignazio Stanganelli, Fabrizio Ayala, Daniela Massi, Corrado Rubino, Antonella Manca, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Susanna Rossari, Serena Magi, Laura Mazzoni, Gerardo Botti, Mariaelena Capone, Marco Palla…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:117

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  18. Content type: Research

    Glioblastoma (GBM) is a therapeutic challenge, associated with high mortality. More effective GBM therapeutic options are urgently needed. Hence, we screened a large multi-class drug panel comprising the NIH c...

    Authors: Pengfei Jiang, Rajesh Mukthavavam, Ying Chao, Ila Sri Bharati, Valentina Fogal, Sandra Pastorino, Xiuli Cong, Natsuko Nomura, Matt Gallagher, Taher Abbasi, Shireen Vali, Sandeep C Pingle, Milan Makale and Santosh Kesari

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:13

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:126

  19. Content type: Research

    This study tested the hypothesis that exendin-4 and sitagliptin can effectively protect kidney from acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury.

    Authors: Yen-Ta Chen, Tzu-Hsien Tsai, Chih-Chau Yang, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Li-Teh Chang, Hung-Hwa Chen, Chia-Lo Chang, Pei-Hsun Sung, Yen-Yi Zhen, Steve Leu, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Yung-Lung Chen and Hon-Kan Yip

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2013 11:270

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