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Personalized medicine

Section edited by Lotfi Chouchane

This section aims to provide a platform for research that will revolutionize patient care through the use of novel molecular predisposing screening, diagnostic, prognostic and pharmacogenomics. Advances in human genome research are opening the door to a new paradigm for practicing medicine that promises to transform healthcare. Personalized medicine will impact the way that medicine is practiced.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young women represent an extreme phenotype associated with a higher mortality compared with similarly aged men. Prothrombotic gene variants could play a role as risk factor...

    Authors: Rossella Tomaiuolo, Chiara Bellia, Antonietta Caruso, Rosanna Di Fiore, Sandro Quaranta, Davide Noto, Angelo B Cefalù, Pierpaolo Di Micco, Federica Zarrilli, Giuseppe Castaldo, Maurizio R Averna and Marcello Ciaccio

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:235

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  2. Content type: Research

    Understanding how sexual dimorphism affects the physiological and pathological responses of the immune system is of considerable clinical importance and could lead to new approaches in therapy. Sexual dimorphi...

    Authors: Ida Contasta, Rocco Totaro, Patrizia Pellegrini, Tiziana Del Beato, Antonio Carolei and Anna Maria Berghella

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:223

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  3. Content type: Research

    Mutations in the SLC26A4 gene, which encodes the anion transporter, pendrin, are a major cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in some Asian populations. SLC26A4 c.919-2A>G (IVS7-2A>G)...

    Authors: Qi Li, Qing-wen Zhu, Yong-yi Yuan, Sha-sha Huang, Dong-yi Han, De-liang Huang and Pu Dai

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:225

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  4. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic and predictive values of circulating tumor cell (CTC) analysis in colorectal cancer patients.

    Authors: Andreia de Albuquerque, Ilja Kubisch, Ulrich Stölzel, Dominikus Ernst, Joachim Boese-Landgraf, Georg Breier, Gudrun Stamminger, Nikos Fersis and Sepp Kaul

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:222

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  5. Content type: Review

    Disease heterogeneity is as major issue in Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), and this patient inter-variability might not be sufficiently reflected by measurements of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c).

    Authors: Anita V Neutzsky-Wulff, Kim V Andreassen, Sara T Hjuler, Michael Feigh, Anne-Christine Bay-Jensen, Qinlong Zheng, Kim Henriksen and Morten A Karsdal

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:214

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  6. Content type: Research

    Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD, EC 1.1.1.49) deficiency is caused by one or more mutations in the G6PD gene on chromosome X. An association between enzyme levels and gene haplotypes remains to be establi...

    Authors: Ashraf Dallol, Huda Banni, Mamdooh A Gari, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Adel M Abuzenadeh, Fatin Al-Sayes, Adeel G Chaudhary, Jeffrey Bidwell and Wael Kafienah

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:199

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  7. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictive significance of preoperative serum level of cytokeratin 19 fragments (Cyfra21-1) and squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) after complete resection in...

    Authors: Xun Cao, Lin Zhang, Gui-Rong Feng, Juan Yang, Ruo-Yan Wang, Jun Li, Xiao-Min Zheng and Yu-Jing Han

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:197

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  8. Content type: Research

    The clinical course of cutaneous melanoma (CM) can differ significantly for patients with identical stages of disease, defined clinico-pathologically, and no molecular markers differentiate patients with such ...

    Authors: Luca Sigalotti, Alessia Covre, Elisabetta Fratta, Giulia Parisi, Paolo Sonego, Francesca Colizzi, Sandra Coral, Samuele Massarut, John M Kirkwood and Michele Maio

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:185

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  9. Content type: Research

    BRCA1–associated protein 1 (BAP1) is a tumor suppressor gene located on chromosome 3p21. Germline BAP1 mutations have been recently associated with an increased risk of malignant mesothelioma, atypical melanocyti...

    Authors: Michele Carbone, Laura Korb Ferris, Francine Baumann, Andrea Napolitano, Christopher A Lum, Erin G Flores, Giovanni Gaudino, Amy Powers, Peter Bryant-Greenwood, Thomas Krausz, Elizabeth Hyjek, Rachael Tate, Joseph Friedberg, Tracey Weigel, Harvey I Pass and Haining Yang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:179

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  10. Content type: Research

    Clinical dogma is that healthy urine is sterile and the presence of bacteria with an inflammatory response is indicative of urinary tract infection (UTI). Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) represents the state in...

    Authors: Derrick E Fouts, Rembert Pieper, Sebastian Szpakowski, Hans Pohl, Susan Knoblach, Moo-Jin Suh, Shih-Ting Huang, Inger Ljungberg, Bruce M Sprague, Sarah K Lucas, Manolito Torralba, Karen E Nelson and Suzanne L Groah

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:174

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  11. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study is to analyse CDKN2A methylation using pyrosequencing on a large cohort of colorectal cancers and corresponding non-neoplastic tissues. In a second step, the effect of methylation on clinica...

    Authors: Michel P Bihl, Anja Foerster, Alessandro Lugli and Inti Zlobec

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:173

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  12. Content type: Research

    Recent studies showed that overwhelming inflammatory response mediated by the toll-like receptor (TLR)-related pathway was important in the development of acute lung injury (ALI). The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Zhenju Song, Chenling Yao, Jun Yin, Chaoyang Tong, Duming Zhu, Zhan Sun, Jinjun Jiang, Mian Shao, Yaping Zhang, Zhi Deng, Zhengang Tao, Si Sun and Chunxue Bai

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:166

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  13. Content type: Research

    This study was performed to determine if a chemotherapy-induced apoptosis assay (MiCK) could predict the best therapy for patients with ovarian cancer.

    Authors: Emery Salom, Manuel Penalver, Howard Homesley, Matthew Burrell, Audrey Garrett, Cary A Presant, James Rutledge, Michael Chernick, Allan Hallquist and Mathieu Perree

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:162

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  14. Content type: Research

    Identification of melanoma patients at high risk for recurrence and monitoring for recurrence are critical for informed management decisions. We hypothesized that serum microRNAs (miRNAs) could provide prognos...

    Authors: Erica B Friedman, Shulian Shang, Eleazar Vega-Saenz de Miera, Jacob Ulrik Fog, Maria Wrang Teilum, Michelle W Ma, Russell S Berman, Richard L Shapiro, Anna C Pavlick, Eva Hernando, Adam Baker, Yongzhao Shao and Iman Osman

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:155

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  15. Content type: Review

    The 235delC mutation of GJB2 gene is considered as a risk factor for the non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL), and a significant difference in the frequency and distribution of the 235delC mutation has been describe...

    Authors: Jun Yao, Yajie Lu, Qinjun Wei, Xin Cao and Guangqian Xing

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:136

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  16. Content type: Research

    High mobility group box 1(HMGB1) overexpression has been reported in a variety of human cancers. However, the role of HMGB1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The aim of present study was to an...

    Authors: Furong Liu, Yaojun Zhang, Zhenwei Peng, Hengjun Gao, Li Xu and Minshan Chen

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:135

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  17. Content type: Research

    There is resurgence within drug and biomarker development communities for the use of primary tumorgraft models as improved predictors of patient tumor response to novel therapeutic strategies. Despite perceive...

    Authors: David J Monsma, Noel R Monks, David M Cherba, Dawna Dylewski, Emily Eugster, Hailey Jahn, Sujata Srikanth, Stephanie B Scott, Patrick J Richardson, Robin E Everts, Aleksandr Ishkin, Yuri Nikolsky, James H Resau, Robert Sigler, Brian J Nickoloff and Craig P Webb

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:125

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  18. Content type: Research

    Ovarian cancer is the most deadly gynecological cancer due to late diagnosis at advanced stage with major peritoneal involvement. To date most research has focused on primary tumor. However the prognosis is di...

    Authors: Joel A Malek, Alejandra Martinez, Eliane Mery, Gwenael Ferron, Ruby Huang, Christophe Raynaud, Eva Jouve, Jean-Paul Thiery, Denis Querleu and Arash Rafii

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:121

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  19. Content type: Research

    Degummed silk fibroin from Bombyx mori (silkworm) has potential carrier capabilities for drug delivery in humans; however, the processing methods have yet to be comparatively analyzed to determine the differentia...

    Authors: Hao Zhang, Ling-ling Li, Fang-yin Dai, Hao-hao Zhang, Bing Ni, Wei Zhou, Xia Yang and Yu-zhang Wu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:117

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  20. Content type: Research

    KRAS mutations negatively affect outcome after treatment with cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. As only 20% of KRAS wild type (WT) patients respond to cetuximab it is possible that other ...

    Authors: Paola Ulivi, Laura Capelli, Martina Valgiusti, Wainer Zoli, Emanuela Scarpi, Elisa Chiadini, Paola Rosetti, Sara Bravaccini, Daniele Calistri, Luca Saragoni, Andrea Casadei Gardini, Angela Ragazzini, Giovanni Luca Frassineti, Dino Amadori and Alessandro Passardi

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:87

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  21. Content type: Research

    Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a multi-factorial malignancy closely associated with environmental factors, genetic factors and Epstein-Barr virus infection. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex, specially ...

    Authors: Manli Zhao, Hongbing Cai, Xin Li, Hang Zheng, Xuexi Yang, Weiyi Fang, Longcheng Zhang, Ganguan Wei, Ming Li, Kaitai Yao and Xin Li

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:57

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  22. Content type: Research

    There is no standard serum biomarker used for diagnosis or early detection of recurrence for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are abundant and highly stable in blood serum, and have been...

    Authors: Martina Redova, Alexandr Poprach, Jana Nekvindova, Robert Iliev, Lenka Radova, Radek Lakomy, Marek Svoboda, Rostislav Vyzula and Ondrej Slaby

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:55

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  23. Content type: Research

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently detected in the circulation of cancer patients, where they are associated with clinical parameters. Discovery profiling of circulating small RNAs has not been reported in ...

    Authors: Xiwei Wu, George Somlo, Yang Yu, Melanie R Palomares, Arthur Xuejun Li, Weiying Zhou, Amy Chow, Yun Yen, John J Rossi, Harry Gao, Jinhui Wang, Yate-Ching Yuan, Paul Frankel, Sierra Li, Kimlin Tam Ashing-Giwa, Guihua Sun…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2012 10:42

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  24. Content type: Review

    Human genome sequencing is the process by which the exact order of nucleic acid base pairs in the 24 human chromosomes is determined. Since the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003, genomic sequencin...

    Authors: Karen K Mestan, Leonard Ilkhanoff, Samdeep Mouli and Simon Lin

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2011 9:222

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