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Disease Biomarkers

Section edited by Xiangdong Wang and Hao Fang

The Disease Biomarkers section aims to bridge the identification and validation of discovered gene or protein-based, network or dynamic network biomarkers with human diseases, patient phenotypes, or clinical applications, and accelerate the development of human disease-specific biomarkers for the early diagnosis, monitoring, evaluation, and prediction of diseases. Conditions including cancers, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases will be the focus of study. This section will promote the innovation and development of disease-specific biomarkers by integrating multidisciplinary aspects of science.

Studies considered for publication include those regarding the development of advanced biotechnologies for biomarker discovery and development, identifying biomarkers associated with the early detection of diseases, monitoring of disease severity and duration as well as patient responses to therapies, prediction of patient outcomes and the evaluation, regulation and ethics of disease biomarkers.

Featured articles

Microfluidic devices for neutrophil chemotaxis studies

Review | Wenjie Zhao et al

Plasma proteomic analysis of autoimmune hepatitis in an improved AIH mouse model

Research | Han Wang et al

Multi-omic serum biomarkers for prognosis of disease progression in prostate cancer

Research | Michael A. Kiebish et al

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  1. As the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the world, the therapeutic effect and 5-year overall survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not optimistic. Previous researches indicated that the...

    Authors: Mingxing Xu, Jianliang Xu, Dun Zhu, Rishun Su, Baoding Zhuang, Ruiyun Xu, Lingli Li, Shuxian Chen and Yunbiao Ling
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:126
  2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, life-threatening lung disease with increasing prevalence and incidence worldwide. Increasing evidence suggests that lung microbiomes might play a ...

    Authors: Chia-Yu Yang, Shiao-Wen Li, Chia-Yin Chin, Chia-Wei Hsu, Chi-Ching Lee, Yuan-Ming Yeh and Kuo-An Wu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:121
  3. Acute kidney injury (AKI), with a high morbidity and mortality, is recognized as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). AKI-CKD transition has been regarded as one of the most pressing unmet needs in ...

    Authors: Jinxiu Hu, Jiao Qiao, Qun Yu, Bing Liu, Junhui Zhen, Yue Liu, Qiqi Ma, Yanmei Li, Qianhui Wang, Cheng Wang and Zhimei Lv
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:69
  4. Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) can be life-threatening due to the progressive weakening and dilatation of the aortic wall. Once the aortic wall has ruptured, no effective pharmaceutical therapies are available...

    Authors: Chuxiang Lei, Dan Yang, Wenlin Chen, Haoxuan Kan, Fang Xu, Hui Zhang, Wei Wang, Lei Ji and Yuehong Zheng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:49
  5. Extensive extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is a hallmark of metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDA). We investigated fragments of collagen types III (C3M, PRO-C3), VI (PRO-C6), and VIII (C8-C),...

    Authors: Song Wang, Cecilie L. Bager, Morten A. Karsdal, Dimitrios Chondros, Darin Taverna and Nicholas Willumsen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:39
  6. Major depressive disorder (MDD), common mental disorder, lacks objective diagnostic and prognosis biomarkers. The objective of this study was to perform proteomic analysis to identify proteins with changed exp...

    Authors: Hye In Woo, Jisook Park, Shinn-Won Lim, Doh Kwan Kim and Soo-Youn Lee
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:34
  7. Late-onset asthma (LOA) is beginning to account for an increasing proportion of asthma patients, which is often underdiagnosed in the elderly. Studies on the possible relations between aging-related genes and ...

    Authors: Lin Yuan, Leyuan Wang, Xizi Du, Ling Qin, Ming Yang, Kai Zhou, Mengping Wu, Yu Yang, Zhiyuan Zheng, Yang Xiang, Xiangping Qu, Huijun Liu, Xiaoqun Qin and Chi Liu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:467

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:107

  8. In the present study the blood expression level of inflammatory response and autoimmunity associated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were compared in patients with different chronic respiratory diseases and inv...

    Authors: Zsófia Gál, András Gézsi, Ágnes F. Semsei, Adrienne Nagy, Monika Sultész, Zsuzsanna Csoma, Lilla Tamási, Gabriella Gálffy and Csaba Szalai
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:422
  9. Heavy tobacco smoking, a hallmark feature of lung cancer, is drastically predominant in Middle Eastern populations. The precise links between nicotine dependence and the functional contribution of the oral mic...

    Authors: Mohammad Tahseen Al Bataineh, Nihar Ranjan Dash, Mohammed Elkhazendar, Dua’a Mohammad Hasan Alnusairat, Islam Mohammad Ismail Darwish, Mohamed Saleh Al-Hajjaj and Qutayba Hamid
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:421
  10. Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are dangerous because of their potential to rupture. We previously found significant RNA expression differences in circulating neutrophils between patients with and without unruptu...

    Authors: Kerry E. Poppenberg, Vincent M. Tutino, Lu Li, Muhammad Waqas, Armond June, Lee Chaves, Kaiyu Jiang, James N. Jarvis, Yijun Sun, Kenneth V. Snyder, Elad I. Levy, Adnan H. Siddiqui, John Kolega and Hui Meng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:392
  11. Many contradictory conclusions pertaining to the telomere length in peripheral leukocyte chromosomes as a potential biomarker for ischemic stroke (IS) risk have been reported by the various observational studi...

    Authors: Weijie Cao, Deqiang Zheng, Jie Zhang, Anxin Wang, Di Liu, Jinxia Zhang, Manjot Singh, Isinta Elijah Maranga, Mingyang Cao, Lijuan Wu, Manshu Song, Wei Wang and Youxin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:385
  12. To introduce the Hemorrhage Intensive Severity and Survivability (HISS) score, based on the fusion of multi-biomarker data; glucose, lactate, pH, potassium, and oxygen tension, to serve as a patient-specific a...

    Authors: Ankita Bhat, Daria Podstawczyk, Brandon K. Walther, John R. Aggas, David Machado-Aranda, Kevin R. Ward and Anthony Guiseppi-Elie
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:348
  13. Microtia is a congenital anomaly of ear that ranges in severity from mild structural abnormalities to complete absence of the outer ears. Concha-type microtia is considered to be a mild form. The H6 family hom...

    Authors: Nuo Si, Xiaolu Meng, Xiaosheng Lu, Zhe Liu, Zhan Qi, Lianqing Wang, Chuan Li, Meirong Yang, Ye Zhang, Changchen Wang, Peipei Guo, Lingdong Zhu, Lei Liu, Zhengyong Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Zhen Cai…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:244
  14. The etiology of congenital scoliosis (CS) is complex and uncertain. Abnormal DNA methylation affects the growth and development of spinal development. In this study, we investigated the role of DNA methylation...

    Authors: Yuantao Wu, Hongqi Zhang, Mingxing Tang, Chaofeng Guo, Ang Deng, Jiong Li, Yunjia Wang, Lige Xiao and Guanteng Yang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:210
  15. Primary glomerulonephritis (GN) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and frequently progresses into end stage renal diseases (ESRDs). Shorter leukocyte telomere length (LTL) has been implicated...

    Authors: Qing Sun, Junli Liu, Guanghui Cheng, Mingkai Dai, Jiaxi Liu, Zhenqiang Qi, Jingjie Zhao, Wei Li, Feng Kong, Gang Liu, Magnus Björkholm and Dawei Xu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:184
  16. Recently, the role of IL-19, IL-20 and IL-24 has been reported in renal disorders. However, still little is known about their biological role.

    Authors: Domonkos Pap, Apor Veres-Székely, Beáta Szebeni, Réka Rokonay, Anna Ónody, Rita Lippai, István Márton Takács, András Tislér, Magdolna Kardos, Franz Oswald, Andrea Fekete, Attila J. Szabó and Ádám Vannay
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:172
  17. Neutrophil chemotaxis plays a vital role in human immune system. Compared with traditional cell migration assays, the emergence of microfluidics provides a new research platform of cell chemotaxis study due to...

    Authors: Wenjie Zhao, Haiping Zhao, Mingxiao Li and Chengjun Huang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:168
  18. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the main cause for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was intended to identify the function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) lncARSR in NAFLD and its role in ...

    Authors: Yuan Chi, Zheng Gong, He Xin, Ziwen Wang and Zhaoyu Liu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:126

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:438

  19. Rats with hyperandrogen-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been shown to develop ovarian oxidative stress (OS) and fibrosis. The Sirt1 agonist, resveratrol, can reduce OS through inhibiting p66Shc i...

    Authors: Daojuan Wang, Tingyu Wang, Rong Wang, Xinlin Zhang, Lei Wang, Zou Xiang, Lingjia Zhuang, Shanmei Shen, Hongwei Wang, Qian Gao and Yong Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:84
  20. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most aggressive urological malignancies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are post-transcriptional gene regulators in tumor pathophysiology. As miRNAs exert cooperative ...

    Authors: Jiajia Chen, Yuqing Zhong and Liangzhi Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:69
  21. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has been demonstrated as a promising liquid biopsy marker for breast cancer (BC). However, the intra-patient heterogeneity of CTCs remains a challenge to clinical application. We...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Changsheng Ye, Jianyu Dong, Shunwang Cao, Yanwei Hu, Bo Situ, Xiaoxue Xi, Sihua Qin, Jiasen Xu, Zhen Cai, Lei Zheng and Qian Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:59
  22. Predicting the clinical course of prostate cancer is challenging due to the wide biological spectrum of the disease. The objective of our study was to identify prostate cancer prognostic markers in patients ‘s...

    Authors: Michael A. Kiebish, Jennifer Cullen, Prachi Mishra, Amina Ali, Eric Milliman, Leonardo O. Rodrigues, Emily Y. Chen, Vladimir Tolstikov, Lixia Zhang, Kiki Panagopoulos, Punit Shah, Yongmei Chen, Gyorgy Petrovics, Inger L. Rosner, Isabell A. Sesterhenn, David G. McLeod…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:10
  23. The timely diagnosis of bacterial meningitis is of utmost importance due to the need to institute antibiotic treatment as early as possible. Moreover, the differentiation from other causes of meningitis/enceph...

    Authors: Leonardo Silva de Araujo, Kevin Pessler, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Natalia Novoselova, Frank Klawonn, Maike Kuhn, Volkhard Kaever, Kirsten Müller-Vahl, Corinna Trebst, Thomas Skripuletz, Martin Stangel and Frank Pessler
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:9
  24. Serum protein glycosylation is an area of investigation in inflammatory arthritic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Indeed, some studies highlighted abnormalities of protein glycosylation in RA. Con...

    Authors: Federica Ciregia, Dominique Baiwir, Gaël Cobraiville, Thibaut Dewael, Gabriel Mazzucchelli, Valérie Badot, Silvana Di Romana, Paschalis Sidiras, Tatiana Sokolova, Patrick Durez, Michel G. Malaise and Dominique de Seny
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:8
  25. The prevalence of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is increasing, and its early clinical diagnosis is difficult. The pathogenesis of AIH remains unclear, and AIH-related studies are largely limited because of lack o...

    Authors: Han Wang, Wei Yan, Zuohua Feng, Yuan Gao, Liu Zhang, Xinxia Feng and Dean Tian
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:3
  26. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and the timely and serial assessment of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) in high-risk populations remains a challenge. Furthermore, testin...

    Authors: Ruochuan Zang, Xinfeng Wang, Runsen Jin, Yuanyuan Lei, Jianbing Huang, Chengming Liu, Sufei Zheng, Fang Zhou, Qian Wu, Nan Sun, Shugeng Gao and Jie He
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:430
  27. Telocytes (TCs) are newly identified interstitial cells that participate in tissue protection and repair. The present study investigated the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of TCs in a mouse model ...

    Authors: Yile Zhou, Yajie Yang, Tao Liang, Yan Hu, Haihong Tang, Dongli Song and Hao Fang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:427
  28. Chemokines are small chemotactic cytokines involved in inflammation, cell migration, and immune regulation in both physiological and pathological contexts. Here, we investigated the profile of chemokines durin...

    Authors: Xiaowan Yin, Zhuo Wang, Tong Wu, Meichen Ma, Zining Zhang, Zhenxing Chu, Qinghai Hu, Haibo Ding, Xiaoxu Han, Junjie Xu, Hong Shang and Yongjun Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:417
  29. Mid-regional pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) is an established biomarker for heart failure, based on its key role in regulating homeostasis of water balance and blood pressure. The aim of the study ...

    Authors: Eray Yagmur, Johanna Hermine Sckaer, Ger H. Koek, Ralf Weiskirchen, Christian Trautwein, Alexander Koch and Frank Tacke
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:415
  30. Treatment stratification based on bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) at set time points has resulted in considerably improved survival in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Treatment respons...

    Authors: Andrea Rzepiel, Nóra Kutszegi, András Gézsi, Judit C. Sági, Bálint Egyed, György Péter, Henriett Butz, Gábor Nyírő, Judit Müller, Gábor T. Kovács, Csaba Szalai, Ágnes F. Semsei and Dániel J. Erdélyi
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:372
  31. There continues to be a great need for better biomarkers and host-directed treatment targets for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Alterations in phospholipid metabolism may constitute a source of small mole...

    Authors: Haroon Arshad, Juan Carlos López Alfonso, Raimo Franke, Katina Michaelis, Leonardo Araujo, Aamna Habib, Yuliya Zboromyrska, Eva Lücke, Emilia Strungaru, Manas K. Akmatov, Haralampos Hatzikirou, Michael Meyer-Hermann, Astrid Petersmann, Matthias Nauck, Mark Brönstrup, Ursula Bilitewski…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:365
  32. Growing evidence has demonstrated immune reactivity as a confirmed important carcinogenesis and therapy efficacy for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Aquaporin 9 (AQP9) is involved in many immune-relat...

    Authors: Wen-Hao Xu, Shen-Nan Shi, Yue Xu, Jun Wang, Hong-Kai Wang, Da-Long Cao, Guo-Hai Shi, Yuan-Yuan Qu, Hai-Liang Zhang and Ding-Wei Ye
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:363
  33. Emerging evidence shows that microRNA-130 (miRNA-130) family may be useful as prognostic biomarkers in cancer. However, there is no confirmation in an independent validation study. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Zhen Peng, Fujiao Duan, Jingjing Yin, Yajing Feng, Zhongyu Yang and Jia Shang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:347
  34. Noninvasive prognostic biomarkers are needed for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with different histological types to identify cases with poor survival. Here, we investigated the prognosti...

    Authors: Chao Liu, Wang Jing, Ning An, Aijie Li, Weiwei Yan, Hui Zhu and Jinming Yu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:344
  35. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are promising biomarkers due to their structural stability and distinct expression profile in various cancers. We wanted to explore the miRNA expression in benign breast tissue and breast ca...

    Authors: Line Moi, Tonje Braaten, Khalid Al-Shibli, Eiliv Lund and Lill-Tove Rasmussen Busund
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:334
  36. Brain metastases (BM) are the most common intracranial tumors. 2–14% of BM patients present with unknown primary site despite intensive evaluations. This study aims to evaluate the performance of a 90-gene exp...

    Authors: Yulong Zheng, Yongfeng Ding, Qifeng Wang, Yifeng Sun, Xiaodong Teng, Qiqi Gao, Weixiang Zhong, Xiaofeng Lou, Cheng Xiao, Chengshu Chen, Qinghua Xu and Nong Xu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:331
  37. DNA methylation can regulate the role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the development of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). The present study aimed to identify methylation-driven lncRNAs and mRNAs as biomarkers i...

    Authors: Rui Li, Yi-E Yang, Yun-Hong Yin, Meng-Yu Zhang, Hao Li and Yi-Qing Qu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:324
  38. Advances in microRNAs (miRNAs) biomarkers have generated disease markers with potential clinical values. However, none of these published results have been applied in clinic until today. The main reason could ...

    Authors: Yanqin Niu, Sijian Xia, Mingyang Su, Quanjin Dang, Kang Kang, Li Li and Deming Gou
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:316
  39. Conventional clinical biomarkers cannot accurately differentiate indolent from aggressive prostate cancer (PCa). We investigated the usefulness of a biomarker panel measured exclusively in biofluids for assess...

    Authors: Xavier Ruiz-Plazas, Esther Rodríguez-Gallego, Marta Alves, Antonio Altuna-Coy, Javier Lozano-Bartolomé, Manel Portero-Otin, Joan Francesc García-Fontgivell, Salomé Martínez-González, José Segarra and Matilde R. Chacón
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:307
  40. Annexins are involved in vesicle trafficking, cell proliferation and apoptosis, but their functional mechanisms in ovarian cancer remain unclear. In this study, we analyzed Annexins in ovarian cancer using dif...

    Authors: Rui Gou, Liancheng Zhu, Mingjun Zheng, Qian Guo, Yuexin Hu, Xiao Li, Juanjuan Liu and Bei Lin
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:275
  41. Numerous evidence has suggested that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) acts an important role in tumor biology. This study focuses on the identification of novel prognostic lncRNA biomarkers predicting tumor recurr...

    Authors: Fangyao Chen, Zhe Li, Changyu Deng and Hong Yan
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:299
  42. Perrault syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by the association of sensorineural hearing impairment and ovarian dysgenesis in females, whereas males have only hearing impairme...

    Authors: María Domínguez-Ruiz, Alberto García-Martínez, Marc Corral-Juan, Ángel I. Pérez-Álvarez, Ana M. Plasencia, Manuela Villamar, Miguel A. Moreno-Pelayo, Antoni Matilla-Dueñas, Manuel Menéndez-González and Ignacio del Castillo
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:290
  43. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the second most deadly cancer with late presentation and limited treatment options, highlighting an urgent need to better understand HCC to facilitate the identification of early-st...

    Authors: Yu Jin, Wai Yeow Lee, Soo Ting Toh, Chandana Tennakoon, Han Chong Toh, Pierce Kah-Hoe Chow, Alexander Y.-F. Chung, Samuel S. Chong, London L.-P.-J. Ooi, Wing-Kin Sung and Caroline G.-L. Lee
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:273
  44. Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disorder mainly characterized by exocrine gland injury. Costimulatory molecules play an important role in immune-regulatory networks. Although B7 family costim...

    Authors: Ping Li, Ying Yang, Yi Jin, Rui Zhao, Chen Dong, Wenjie Zheng, Tianyi Zhang, Jing Li and Zhifeng Gu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:268
  45. Noninvasive and effective methods of early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) are underexplored. Inflammation is known to play an important role in the tumor microenvironment of CRC. Therefore, the aim of th...

    Authors: Dan Wang, Weitang Yuan, Yaping Wang, Qian Wu, Li Yang, Feng Li, Xinfeng Chen, Zhen Zhang, Weina Yu, Nomathamsanqa Resegofetse Maimela, Ling Cao, Dong Wang, Junxia Wang, Zhenqiang Sun, Jinbo Liu and Yi Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:253

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2021 19:435

  46. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups have been associated with advanced liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Our aim was to ...

    Authors: Teresa Aldámiz-Echevarría, Salvador Resino, José M. Bellón, María A. Jiménez-Sousa, Pilar Miralles, Luz M. Medrano, Ana Carrero, Cristina Díez, Leire Pérez-Latorre, Chiara Fanciulli, Pilar Garcia-Broncano and Juan Berenguer
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:244
  47. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase catalyzes the conversion of tryptophan to kynurenine, an immunosuppressive metabolite involved in T regulatory cell differentiation. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase is expressed in many...

    Authors: Concetta Elisa Onesti, François Boemer, Claire Josse, Stephane Leduc, Vincent Bours and Guy Jerusalem
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:239
  48. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a universal chronic disease in China. The balance of the gut microbiome is highly crucial for a healthy human body, especially for the immune system. However, the relationship b...

    Authors: Yang Li, Xinhuan Su, Lei Zhang, Yanwei Liu, Min Shi, Chenxiao Lv, Ying Gao, Dongmei Xu and Zunsong Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:228

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    7.4 - 2-year Impact Factor
    6.9 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.458 - SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper)
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