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Computational modelling and Epidemiology

Section edited by Michael N. Liebman and Sabrina Molinaro

This section aims to allow rapid communication of methods and results that utilize computational modeling and epidemiologic approaches in translational medicine. The focus will be on population-based studies that extend towards more molecular level analysis. 

Submission of studies involving methods development is encouraged where actual application and results can be shown in the healthcare and life sciences domains. Among the approaches highlighted in this section are data-mining for health impact, data modeling, health record system design, applications of epidemiologic analysis, public policy evaluation, hypothesis evaluation and testing, risk assessment in healthcare and life sciences. These articles will describe the perspective on translational medicine where the approach and results reflect the computational modeling and epidemiologic aspects of this emerging area of research.

Featured articles

Impact of lockdown on Covid-19 case fatality rate and viral mutations spread in 7 countries in Europe and North America

Research | Maria Pachetti et al

Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase as a potential therapeutic drug target using a computational approach

Research | Syed Ovais Aftab et al


The effects of statins on dental and oral health: a review of preclinical and clinical studies

Review | Shabnam Tahamtan et al

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  1. Understanding cancer heterogeneity, its temporal evolution over time, and the outcomes of guided treatment depend on accurate data collection in a context of routine clinical care. We have developed a hospital...

    Authors: Grigory Sidorenkov, Janny Nagel, Coby Meijer, Jacko J. Duker, Harry J. M. Groen, Gyorgy B. Halmos, Maaike H. M. Oonk, Rene J. Oostergo, Bert van der Vegt, Max J. H. Witjes, Marcel Nijland, Klaas Havenga, John H. Maduro, Jourik A. Gietema and Gertruida H. de Bock
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:374
  2. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) accounts for 4.4% of cerebral vascular disease, which is one of the leading causes of death in China. Rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) is the most common cause of SAH. The ...

    Authors: Haixiao Liu, Wei Guo, Sishi Xiang, Peng Hu, Feifei Sun, Junmei Gao, Xiaoyang Zhang, Ping Wang, Wenting Jing, Lei Zhang, Xinjian Yang, Chuanzhi Duan, Min He, Hongqi Zhang and Yan Qu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:349
  3. Genomic and radiomic data integration, namely radiogenomics, can provide meaningful knowledge in cancer diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Despite several data structures based on multi-layer architecture pro...

    Authors: Mario Zanfardino, Monica Franzese, Katia Pane, Carlo Cavaliere, Serena Monti, Giuseppina Esposito, Marco Salvatore and Marco Aiello
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:337
  4. Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) is an autosomal dominant macular degeneration. The typical central yellowish yolk-like lesion usually appears in childhood and gradually worsens. Most cases are caused...

    Authors: Vladimir Frecer, Giancarlo Iarossi, Anna Paola Salvetti, Paolo Enrico Maltese, Giulia Delledonne, Marta Oldani, Giovanni Staurenghi, Benedetto Falsini, Angelo Maria Minnella, Lucia Ziccardi, Adriano Magli, Leonardo Colombo, Fabiana D’Esposito, Jan Miertus, Francesco Viola, Marcella Attanasio…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:330
  5. Post-transcriptional modifications have been recently expanded with the addition of RNA editing, which is predominantly mediated by adenosine and cytidine deaminases acting on DNA and RNA. Here, we review the ...

    Authors: Theodoulakis Christofi and Apostolos Zaravinos
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:319
  6. Infertility has become a global health issue with the number of couples seeking in vitro fertilization (IVF) worldwide continuing to rise. Some couples remain childless after several IVF cycles. Women undergoi...

    Authors: Jiahui Qiu, Pingping Li, Meng Dong, Xing Xin and Jichun Tan
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:317
  7. Wearable smart watches provide large amount of real-time data on the environmental state of the users and are useful to determine risk factors for onset and progression of myopia. We aim to evaluate the effica...

    Authors: Bin Ye, Kangping Liu, Siting Cao, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Wayne Li, Mengli Luan, Bo Zhang, Jianfeng Zhu, Haidong Zou, Xun Xu and Xiangui He
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:314
  8. Estrogen receptors (ERs) are thought to play an important role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the effect of ERs in NSCLC is still controversial and needs further investigation. A new considera...

    Authors: Xiujuan Gao, Yue Cai, Zhuo Wang, Wenjuan He, Sisi Cao, Rong Xu and Hui Chen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:308
  9. Identifying how pain transitions from acute to chronic is critical in designing effective prevention and management techniques for patients’ well-being, physically, psychosocially, and financially. There is an...

    Authors: Jianzhong Su, Ying Du, Kelley Bevers, Pengcheng Xiao, John Licciardone, Marco Brotto and Robert J. Gatchel
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:306
  10. Trauma is the leading cause of mortality in humans below the age of 40. Patients injured by accidents frequently suffer severe multiple trauma, which is life-threatening and leads to death in many cases. In mu...

    Authors: Birte Weber, Ina Lackner, Melanie Haffner-Luntzer, Annette Palmer, Jochen Pressmar, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek, Bernd Knöll, Hubert Schrezenemeier, Borna Relja and Miriam Kalbitz
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:305
  11. Emerging evidences show that microRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in many human complex diseases. However, considering the inherent time-consuming and expensive of traditional in vitro experiments, more an...

    Authors: Kai Zheng, Zhu-Hong You, Lei Wang, Yong Zhou, Li-Ping Li and Zheng-Wei Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:260
  12. Pooled testing, in which biological specimens from multiple subjects are combined into a testing pool and tested via a single test, is a common testing method for both surveillance and screening activities. Th...

    Authors: Ngoc T. Nguyen, Hrayer Aprahamian, Ebru K. Bish and Douglas R. Bish
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:252
  13. Drug development is currently hampered by high attrition rates; many developed treatments fail during clinical testing. Part of the attrition may be due to low animal-to-human translational success rates; so-c...

    Authors: Cathalijn H. C. Leenaars, Carien Kouwenaar, Frans R. Stafleu, André Bleich, Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga, Rob B. M. De Vries and Franck L. B. Meijboom
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:223
  14. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is a multifunctional cytokine with a potent pro-inflammatory effect. It is a validated therapeutic target molecule for several disorders related to autoimmunity and inflammation....

    Authors: Madhu Sudhana Saddala and Hu Huang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:215
  15. Given the benefits of physical activity for health and survival, clinicians are seeking opportunities for cancer patients to become more active independent of rehabilitation programs that are small, time-limit...

    Authors: Catherine M. Sabiston, Angela J. Fong, Erin K. O’Loughlin and Sarkis Meterissian
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:206
  16. Serum uric acid (SUA) had been associated with incident hypertension, but it is uncertain whether and to what extent the effect of SUA is mediated by other metabolic factors.

    Authors: Zhi Cao, Yangyang Cheng, Shu Li, Hongxi Yang, Li Sun, Ying Gao, Pei Yu, Weidong Li and Yaogang Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:202
  17. Lymph node status and liver metastasis (LIM) are important in determining the prognosis of early colon carcinoma. We attempted to develop and validate nomograms to predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) and LIM i...

    Authors: Yongcong Yan, Haohan Liu, Kai Mao, Mengyu Zhang, Qianlei Zhou, Wei Yu, Bingchao Shi, Jie Wang and Zhiyu Xiao
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:193
  18. The aim of the present review is to discuss how the promising field of biobanking can support health care research strategies. As the concept has evolved over time, biobanks have grown from simple biological s...

    Authors: Luigi Coppola, Alessandra Cianflone, Anna Maria Grimaldi, Mariarosaria Incoronato, Paolo Bevilacqua, Francesco Messina, Simona Baselice, Andrea Soricelli, Peppino Mirabelli and Marco Salvatore
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:172
  19. Predicting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) has become very important owing to the huge global health burden and failure of drugs. This indicates a need for prior prediction of probable ADRs in preclinical stages...

    Authors: Salma Jamal, Waseem Ali, Priya Nagpal, Sonam Grover and Abhinav Grover
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:171
  20. Compared with clinically functioning pituitary adenoma (FPA), clinically non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) lacks of detectable hypersecreting serum hormones and related symptoms which make it difficult ...

    Authors: Sen Cheng, Jiaqi Wu, Chuzhong Li, Yangfang Li, Chunhui Liu, Guilin Li, Wuju Li, Shuofeng Hu, Xiaomin Ying and Yazhuo Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:164
  21. The morbidity and mortality of patients with critical illnesses remain high in pulmonary critical care units and a poorly understood correlation between alterations of lipid elements and clinical phenomes rema...

    Authors: Danyan Gao, Linlin Zhang, Dongli Song, Jiapei Lv, Linyan Wang, Shuang Zhou, Yanjun Li, Tao Zeng, Yiming Zeng, Jiaqiang Zhang and Xiangdong Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:162
  22. Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. The contemporary strong increase of the adenocarcinomas in Western countries and the high mortality rates require the intensification of prospe...

    Authors: Doris Klingelhöfer, Yun Zhu, Markus Braun, Dörthe Brüggmann, Norman Schöffel and David A. Groneberg
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:150
  23. Glioblastomas (GB) are the most common and lethal primary brain tumors. Significant progress has been made toward identifying potential risk factors for GB and diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. However, th...

    Authors: Anne Clavreul, Gwénaëlle Soulard, Jean-Michel Lemée, Marion Rigot, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Luc Bauchet, Dominique Figarella-Branger and Philippe Menei
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:133

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Translational Medicine 2020 18:181

  24. The circadian clock governs a large variety of fundamentally important physiological processes in all three domains of life. Consequently, asynchrony in timekeeping mechanisms could give rise to cellular dysfu...

    Authors: Wai Hoong Chang and Alvina G. Lai
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:132
  25. Urinary protein quantification is critical for assessing the severity of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the current procedure for determining the severity of CKD is completed through evaluating 24-h ur...

    Authors: Jing Xiao, Ruifeng Ding, Xiulin Xu, Haochen Guan, Xinhui Feng, Tao Sun, Sibo Zhu and Zhibin Ye
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:119
  26. Extrahepatic metastasis is the independent risk factor of poor survival of primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC), and most occurs in the chest and abdomen. Currently, there is still no available method to predict th...

    Authors: Jia Hu, Ting Wang, Kun-He Zhang, Yi-Ping Jiang, Song Xu, Si-Hai Chen, Yu-Ting He, Hai-Liang Yuan and Yu-Qi Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:117
  27. Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infection is a slowly debilitating and potentially fatal disease with a high estimated number of undiagnosed cases. Given the major advances in the treatment, detection of unrep...

    Authors: Markus Reiser, Bianka Wiebner and Jürgen Hirsch
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:94
  28. Artificial meniscal implants can be used to replace a severely injured meniscus after meniscectomy and restore the normal functionality of a knee joint. The aim of this paper was to design porous meniscal impl...

    Authors: Li-ya Zhu, Lan Li, Zong-an Li, Jian-ping Shi, Wen-lai Tang, Ji-quan Yang and Qing Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:89
  29. Similarities in the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been observed as follows: severe disease activity in IBD correlates with severe fatigue, major psychiatr...

    Authors: Shin-Yi Tsai, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chon-Fu Lio, Chien-Feng Kuo, An-Chun Kao, Wei-Shieng Wang, Wei-Cheng Yao, Chi Chen and Tse-Yen Yang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:55
  30. Sequence information generated from next generation sequencing is often computationally phased using haplotype-phasing algorithms. Utilizing experimentally derived allele or haplotype information improves this...

    Authors: Kshitij Srivastava, Kurt R. Wollenberg and Willy A. Flegel
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:43
  31. With over 800 million cases globally, campylobacteriosis is a major cause of food borne disease. In temperate climates incidence is highly seasonal but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, making h...

    Authors: Stephen P. Rushton, Roy A. Sanderson, Peter J. Diggle, Mark D. F. Shirley, Alasdair P. Blain, Iain Lake, James A. Maas, William D. K. Reid, Jo Hardstaff, Nicola Williams, Natalia R. Jones, Daniel Rigby, Norval J. C. Strachan, Ken J. Forbes, Paul R. Hunter, Thomas J. Humphrey…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2019 17:34
  32. Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are dangerous because of their potential to rupture and cause deadly subarachnoid hemorrhages. Previously, we found significant RNA expression differences in circulating neutrophil...

    Authors: Vincent M. Tutino, Kerry E. Poppenberg, Lu Li, Hussain Shallwani, Kaiyu Jiang, James N. Jarvis, Yijun Sun, Kenneth V. Snyder, Elad I. Levy, Adnan H. Siddiqui, John Kolega and Hui Meng
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:373
  33. Increased systemic and local inflammation play a vital role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome. This study aimed to assess the usefulness of selected machine learning methods and hematological m...

    Authors: Konrad Pieszko, Jarosław Hiczkiewicz, Paweł Budzianowski, Janusz Rzeźniczak, Jan Budzianowski, Jerzy Błaszczyński, Roman Słowiński and Paweł Burchardt
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:334
  34. Studies on the relationship between depression and scrub typhus are limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate whether scrub typhus is a risk factor for depression.

    Authors: Ying-Chuan Wang, Chun-Hsiang Chiu, Cheng-Li Lin, Feng-You Lee and Kuang-Hsi Chang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:333
  35. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), is a secreted matricellular factor that has been linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease in diabetic subjects. Despite the biological role of CTGF in diabetes...

    Authors: Miran A. Jaffa, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Sara M. Garrett, Deirdre K. Luttrell, Kenneth E. Lipson, Louis M. Luttrell and Ayad A. Jaffa
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:301
  36. Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an orphan disease that is difficult to treat using traditional chemotherapy, an approach which has been effective in other types of cancer. Most chemotherapeutics cause ...

    Authors: Kun Tian, Emyr Bakker, Michelle Hussain, Alice Guazzelli, Hasen Alhebshi, Parisa Meysami, Constantinos Demonacos, Jean-Marc Schwartz, Luciano Mutti and Marija Krstic-Demonacos
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:282
  37. In the early-life environment, proper development of the placenta is essential for both fetal and maternal health. Telomere length at birth has been related to life expectancy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) as potential ...

    Authors: Maria Tsamou, Dries S. Martens, Bianca Cox, Narjes Madhloum, Karen Vrijens and Tim S. Nawrot
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:254
  38. In this study, we develop reliable and practical virtual coiling and stenting methods for intracranial aneurysm surgical planning. Since the purpose of deploying coils and stents is to provide device geometrie...

    Authors: Xiaochang Leng, Yang Wang, Jing Xu, Yeqing Jiang, Xiaolong Zhang and Jianping Xiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:208
  39. A model was constructed using clinical and serum variables to discriminate between chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with and without significant necroinflammatory activity (score 4–18 vs. score 0–3).

    Authors: Fei-Fei Shen, Yan Wang, Yi-Fei Wang, Rui-Dan Zheng, Jian-Chun Xian, Jun-Ping Shi, Ying Qu, Yu-Wei Dong, Ming-Yi Xu and Lun-Gen Lu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:166
  40. Recent studies have challenged radical procedures for less extensive surgery in selected patients with early-stage cervical cancer at low risk of parametrial invasion. Our objective was to identify a subgroup ...

    Authors: Yohann Dabi, Claire Willecocq, Marcos Ballester, Xavier Carcopino, Sofiane Bendifallah, Lobna Ouldamer, Vincent Lavoue, Geoffroy Canlorbe, Emilie Raimond, Charles Coutant, Olivier Graesslin, Pierre Collinet, Alexandre Bricou, Cyrille Huchon, Emile Daraï, Bassam Haddad…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:163
  41. Pathological scarring in wounds is a prevalent clinical outcome with limited prognostic options. The objective of this study was to investigate whether cellular signaling proteins could be used as prognostic b...

    Authors: Sridevi Nagaraja, Lin Chen, Luisa A. DiPietro, Jaques Reifman and Alexander Y. Mitrophanov
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:32
  42. Differences in the concentrations of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] are associated with a wide range of health outcomes; however, most studies on genetic variants that impact 25(OH)D levels have bee...

    Authors: Massimo Mezzavilla, Sara Tomei, Fadi Alkayal, Motasem Melhem, Maisa M. Ali, Monira Al-Arouj, Abdullah Bennakhi, Osama Alsmadi and Naser Elkum
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:20
  43. HIF1α, miR-210 and its downstream targets ISCU, COX-10, RAD52 and PTEN are all part of the placental hypoxia-responsive network. Tight regulation of this network is required to prevent development of maternal–...

    Authors: Karen Vrijens, Maria Tsamou, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers and Tim S. Nawrot
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2018 16:2
  44. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health challenges worldwide. Various studies have investigated risk factors of incident CKD; however, a very few studies examined interaction between these risk...

    Authors: Azra Ramezankhani, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2017 15:240

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