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Immunobiology and Immunotherapy

Section edited by Alessandra Cesano

The Immunobiology and Immunotherapy section aims to enrich the communication between basic biological and immunological sciences and the clinical investigation arena.

As immunology has evolved to be a central discipline connected to a wide range of therapeutic areas, the number and diversity of platform technologies has also increased, spanning small molecules, biologics, microbial vectors and cells. Such levels of activity require appropriate means to share new knowledge and to catalyze the development of the field. This section aims to provide such a platform and welcomes submissions across all disciplines, including inflammation, autoimmunity, transplantation, metabolic disorders.

The section was founded with the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) under the title "Tumor immunology and biological cancer therapy" and Pedro Romero was the founding Section Editor.

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  1. Hepatitis B (HB) is an infectious disease with unfavorable consequence for patients and involved in chronic inflammation of liver. The present study aimed to investigate whether High-mobility group protein B (...

    Authors: JooYeon Jhun, SeungHoon Lee, HeeYeon Kim, Yang-Mi Her, Jae Kyeong Byun, Eun-Kyung Kim, Soon Kyu Lee, Mi-La Cho and Jong Young Choi
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:310
  2. Several attempts to improve immune function in young children have been made and encouraging results have been collected with pidotimod (PDT), a synthetic dipeptide molecule that seems to have immunomodulatory...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Micaela Garziano, Veronica Rainone, Daria Trabattoni, Mara Biasin, Laura Senatore, Paola Marchisio, Marta Rossi, Nicola Principi and Mario Clerici
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:288
  3. Bronchial smooth muscle cells (BSMCs) from severe asthmatics have been shown to overexpress the Th2-driving and asthma-associated cytokine IL-33. However, little is known regarding factors involved in BSMC pro...

    Authors: Jenny Calvén, Hamid Akbarshahi, Mandy Menzel, Cemil Korcan Ayata, Marco Idzko, Leif Bjermer and Lena Uller
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:281
  4. Tapasin is a crucial component of the major histocompatibility (MHC) class I antigen presentation pathway. Defects in this pathway can lead to tumor immune evasion. The aim of this study was to test whether ta...

    Authors: Lena Sokol, Viktor H. Koelzer, Tilman T. Rau, Eva Karamitopoulou, Inti Zlobec and Alessandro Lugli
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:279
  5. The transcription factor forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) is a master regulatory gene necessary for the development and function of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have recently emerged ...

    Authors: Haizhi Qi, Guangshun Chen, Yaxun Huang, Zhongzhou Si and Jiequn Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:274
  6. The complement mediators are the major effectors of the immune balance, which operates at the interface between the innate and adaptive immunity, and is vital for many immunoregulatory functions. Activation of...

    Authors: Mohammad Afzal Khan, Abdullah Mohammed Assiri and Dieter Clemens Broering
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:272
  7. Foxp3+ T cells regulate inflammation and tumorigenesis. However, little is known about the role of different subsets of Foxp3+ T cells in malignant or tuberculous hydrothorax.

    Authors: Ying Tang, Li-Ping Peng, Gui-Xiang Qin, Jing-Ting Sun, Li-Jun Xu and Yan-Fang Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:268
  8. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is considered as a neuroimmunological disease but the etiology and pathophysiology is poorly understood. Patients suffer from sustained exhaustion, cognitive impairment and an in...

    Authors: Madlen Löbel, Agnes Anna Mooslechner, Sandra Bauer, Sabrina Günther, Anne Letsch, Leif G Hanitsch, Patricia Grabowski, Christian Meisel, Hans-Dieter Volk and Carmen Scheibenbogen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:264
  9. The beneficial outcome associated with the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been reported in retrospective studies. To date, no prospective study has been conduct...

    Authors: Yohannes T Ghebremariam, John P Cooke, William Gerhart, Carol Griego, Jeremy B Brower, Melanie Doyle-Eisele, Benjamin C Moeller, Qingtao Zhou, Lawrence Ho, Joao de Andrade, Ganesh Raghu, Leif Peterson, Andreana Rivera and Glenn D Rosen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:249
  10. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) that block programmed death (PD)-1 signaling pathway hold great potential as a novel cancer immunotherapy. Recent evidence suggests that combining with conventional, targeted or oth...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Guo, Haolin Wang, Fandong Meng, Jie Li and Shulan Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:247
  11. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an incurable disease with fatal infections or relapse being the main causes of death in most cases. In particular, the severe infections occurring in these patients before or du...

    Authors: Gerardo Musuraca, Serena De Matteis, Roberta Napolitano, Cristina Papayannidis, Viviana Guadagnuolo, Francesco Fabbri, Delia Cangini, Michela Ceccolini, Maria Benedetta Giannini, Alessandro Lucchesi, Sonia Ronconi, Paolo Mariotti, Paolo Savini, Monica Tani, Pier Paolo Fattori, Massimo Guidoboni…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:229
  12. An important portion of asthmatics do not respond to current therapies. Thus, the need for new therapeutic drugs is urgent. We have demonstrated a critical role for PARP in experimental asthma. Olaparib, a PAR...

    Authors: Mohamed A Ghonim, Kusma Pyakurel, Salome V Ibba, Amir A Al-Khami, Jeffrey Wang, Paulo Rodriguez, Hamada F Rady, Ali H El-Bahrawy, Matthew R Lammi, Moselhy S Mansy, Kamel Al-Ghareeb, Alistair Ramsay, Augusto Ochoa, Amarjit S Naura and A Hamid Boulares
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:225
  13. Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) show extensive variation in genetic content and allelic polymorphi sms among different populations.

    Authors: Qiongxiu Zhou, Jue Wang, Zhi He, Xiaojuan Li, Song Mao, Shu Huang, Guohui Bian and Feng Ma
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:221
  14. There are a number of studies regarding to the susceptibility of A20 SNPs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, a few of these studies have shown an association between polymorphisms in the A20 gene and RA risk ...

    Authors: Lihua Zhu, Liang Wang, Xu Wang, Lingling Zhou, Ziwei Liao, Ling Xu, Huixia Wu, Jie Ren, Zhaoxia Li, Lijian Yang, Shaohua Chen, Bo Li, Xiuli Wu, Yi Zhou and Yangqiu Li
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:215
  15. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare but serious adverse drug effect linked to long-term and/or high-dose exposure to nitrogen-bisphosphonates (N-BP), the standard of care for the treatment of bone fragili...

    Authors: Shirin Kalyan, Jun Wang, Elgar Susanne Quabius, Jörn Huck, Jörg Wiltfang, John F Baines and Dieter Kabelitz
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:212
  16. Locally advanced HER2-overexpressing breast cancer (BC) patients achieve a high rate of pathological complete responses (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC). The apparently unaltered immune proficiency of...

    Authors: E Muraro, E Comaro, R Talamini, E Turchet, G Miolo, S Scalone, L Militello, D Lombardi, S Spazzapan, T Perin, S Massarut, D Crivellari, Riccardo Dolcetti and D Martorelli
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:204
  17. Resistin is a pro-inflammatory adipokine that increases after brain injury (trauma, bleeding) and may initiate an inflammatory response. Resistin was found increased in deceased, brain dead organ donors (DBD) ...

    Authors: Rille Pullerits, Simona Oltean, Anne Flodén and Mihai Oltean
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:201
  18. Most patients with multiple myeloma (MM) will relapse after an initial response and eventually succumb to their disease. This is due to the persistence of chemotherapy-resistant tumor cells in the patients’ bo...

    Authors: Sara Yousef, Johanna Heise, Nesrine Lajmi, Katrin Bartels, Nicolaus Kröger, Tim Luetkens and Djordje Atanackovic
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:197
  19. Anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis and Goodpasture syndrome result from autoantibody (Ab)-mediated destruction of kidney and lung. Ab target the noncollagenous 1 (NC1) domain of alpha3(IV) collagen, b...

    Authors: Inge M Worni-Schudel, Amy G Clark, Tiffany Chien, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Benny J Chen and Mary H Foster
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:185
  20. NK cells contribute to tumour surveillance, inhibition of growth and dissemination by cytotoxicity, secretion of cytokines and interaction with immune cells. Their precise role in human breast cancer is unclea...

    Authors: Chandan Verma, Viriya Kaewkangsadan, Jennifer M Eremin, Gerard P Cowley, Mohammad Ilyas, Mohamed A El-Sheemy and Oleg Eremin
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:180
  21. Anti-dsDNA antibodies play an important role in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a physical reaction under stressful condition and can cause inflammation when stim...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Chunmei Zhao, Shuang Wang, Yuefang Huang, Hongyue Wang, Jijun Zhao and Niansheng Yang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:178
  22. Dendritic cells (DC) are currently implemented as immunotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of tumor patients based on their central role in the immune system. Despite good results were obtained in vitro an...

    Authors: Chiara Massa, Carolin Thomas, Ena Wang, Francesco Marincola and Barbara Seliger
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2015 13:175
  23. Redirection of T lymphocytes against tumor antigens can induce dramatic regression of advanced stage malignancy. The use of bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) that bind both the T-cell receptor (TCR) and a target a...

    Authors: Katarzyna Urbanska, Rachel C Lynn, Caitlin Stashwick, Archana Thakur, Lawrence G Lum and Daniel J Powell
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:347
  24. Nanobodies (Nbs) have proved their great value as therapeutic molecules and clinical diagnostic tools. Although the routine procedure to obtain Nbs is to immunize camels with antigens, it is unavailable to imm...

    Authors: Junrong Yan, Guanghui Li, Yonghong Hu, Weijun Ou and Yakun Wan
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:343
  25. Matrix metalloproteinase-23 (MMP-23) can block the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3, whose function is important for sustained Ca2+ signaling during T cell activation. MMP-23 may also alter T cell activity a...

    Authors: Duane Moogk, Ines Pires da Silva, Michelle W Ma, Erica B Friedman, Eleazar Vega-Saenz de Miera, Farbod Darvishian, Patrick Scanlon, Arianne Perez-Garcia, Anna C Pavlick, Nina Bhardwaj, Paul J Christos, Iman Osman and Michelle Krogsgaard
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:342
  26. Even in the era of successful combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), co-infection of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains one of the leading causes of non-AIDS-related mortality and morbidity among HIV-positive...

    Authors: AW Wahid Ansari, Reinhold E Schmidt, Esaki M Shankar and Adeeba Kamarulzaman
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:341
  27. Endometrial regenerative cells (ERCs) are mesenchymal-like stem cells that can be non-invasively obtained from menstrual blood and are easily grown /generated at a large scale without tumorigenesis. We previou...

    Authors: Yongcheng Lv, Xiaoxi Xu, Bai Zhang, Guangying Zhou, Hongyue Li, Caigan Du, Hongqiu Han and Hao Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:344
  28. GL261 cells are murine glioma cells that demonstrate proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis when implanted in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice, providing a highly useful immunocompetent animal model of glioblastoma. ...

    Authors: Aaron J Clark, Michael Safaee, Taemin Oh, Michael E Ivan, Vamsi Parimi, Rintaro Hashizume, Tomoko Ozawa, Charles D James, Orin Bloch and Andrew T Parsa
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:345
  29. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cell infusion to immunocompromised patients following allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (allo-HSCT) is able to induce a successful anti-viral response. These c...

    Authors: Lorea Beloki, Miriam Ciaurriz, Cristina Mansilla, Amaya Zabalza, Estela Perez-Valderrama, Edward R Samuel, Mark W Lowdell, Natalia Ramirez and Eduardo Olavarria
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:317
  30. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) and B cells (Bregs) play an important role in the development of lung cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the phenotype of circulating Tregs and Bregs in patients with lun...

    Authors: Jiebai Zhou, Zhihui Min, Ding Zhang, William Wang, Francesco Marincola and Xiangdong Wang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:304
  31. This study aimed to explore the role of apoptosis initiators, caspase-9, caspase-10, mitochondrial anti-viral signaling protein (MAVS), and interferon regulatory factor 7 (pIRF7), in patients with systemic lup...

    Authors: Yu-Jih Su, Tien-Tsai Cheng, Chung-Jen Chen, Wen-Neng Chang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chia-Te Kung, Hung-Chen Wang, Wei-Che Lin, Chih-Cheng Huang, Ya-Ting Chang, Chih-Min Su, Yi-Fang Chiang, Ben-Chung Cheng, Yu-Jun Lin and Cheng-Hsien Lu
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:303
  32. Natural killer (NK) cells are abundant in the liver and constitute a major innate immune component that contributes to immune-mediated liver injury. However, few studies have investigated the phenotypes and fu...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Fenglan Wang, Yutian Chong, Qiang Tai, Qiyi Zhao, Yubao Zheng, Liang Peng, Shumei Lin and Zhiliang Gao
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:308
  33. The Triggering Receptors Expressed on Myeloid cells (TREM) are a family of cell-surface molecules that control inflammation, bone homeostasis, neurological development and blood coagulation. TREM-1 and TREM-2,...

    Authors: Marco Genua, Sergio Rutella, Carmen Correale and Silvio Danese
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:293
  34. Novel molecules that specifically target human TNFα in rheumatoid arthritis pose problems for preclinical assessment of efficacy. In this study collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA) has been induced in hu...

    Authors: Adrian Richard Moore, Sarah Allden, Tim Bourne, Maria C Denis, Ksanthi Kranidioti, Remi Okoye, Yannis Sotsios, Zofia Stencel, Alexander Vugler, Gillian Watt and Stevan Shaw
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:285
  35. microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as key regulators of the immune system, but their role in CD8+ T cell differentiation is not well explored. Some evidence suggests that signals from cell surface receptors influ...

    Authors: Hilary M Sheppard, Daniel Verdon, Anna ES Brooks, Vaughan Feisst, Yu-Yu Joyce Ho, Natalie Lorenz, Vicky Fan, Nigel P Birch, Alicia Didsbury and P Rod Dunbar
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:292
  36. Inflammation is a key etiologic component in atherogenesis and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) is a well known anti-inflammatory cytokine which potentially might be used to limit it. Yet TGFβ1 is ple...

    Authors: Hongqing Zhu, Maohua Cao, Jose A Figueroa, Everado Cobos, Barry F Uretsky, Maurizio Chiriva-Internati and Paul L Hermonat
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:252
  37. Coexpression of CD160 and PD-1 on HIV-specific CD8+ T-cells defines a highly exhausted T-cell subset. CD160 binds to Herpes Virus Entry Mediator (HVEM) and blocking this interaction with HVEM antibodies reverses ...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Far, Charles Pellerin, Louise Pilote, Jean-Francois Fortin, Ivan A D Lessard, Yoav Peretz, Elizabeth Wardrop, Patrick Salois, Richard C Bethell, Michael G Cordingley and George Kukolj
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:217
  38. NKT cells play a protective role in ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury, of which the trafficking in the body and recruitment in injured organs can be influenced by immunosuppressive therapy. Therefore, we invest...

    Authors: Chao Zhang, Long Zheng, Long Li, Lingyan Wang, Liping Li, Shang Huang, Chenli Gu, Lexi Zhang, Cheng Yang, Tongyu Zhu and Ruiming Rong
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:224
  39. CIK cells therapy has been evaluated as an adoptive cell immunotherapy for cancer patients, but there still have not been any standardized systems for evaluating the antitumor efficacy yet. The WHO and RECIST ...

    Authors: Xiao-Dong Li, Mei Ji, Xiao Zheng, Zhong-Hua Ning, Jun Wu, Binfeng Lu, Chang-Ping Wu and Jing-Ting Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:215
  40. Recently, regulatory T (Treg) cells have gained interest in the fields of immunopathology, transplantation and oncoimmunology. Here, we investigated the microRNA expression profile of human natural CD8+CD25+ Treg...

    Authors: Fadi Jebbawi, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Makram Merimi, Philippe Lewalle, Jean-Christophe Verougstraete, Oberdan Leo, Pedro Romero, Arsene Burny, Bassam Badran, Philippe Martiat and Redouane Rouas
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:218
  41. Therapeutic idiotypic (Id) vaccination is an experimental treatment for selected B cell malignancies. A broader use of Id-based vaccination, however, is hampered by the complexity and costs due to the individu...

    Authors: Pier Adelchi Ruffini, Audun Os, Riccardo Dolcetti, Geir E Tjønnfjord, Ludvig A Munthe and Bjarne Bogen
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:207
  42. Ipilimumab is an antagonistic monoclonal antibody against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) that enhances antitumor immunity by inhibiting immunosuppressive activity of regulatory T cells (Treg). In th...

    Authors: Hiroshi Yano, Archana Thakur, Elyse N Tomaszewski, Minsig Choi, Abhinav Deol and Lawrence G Lum
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:191
  43. Non-traditional CD4+CD25–CD69+ T cells were found to be involved in disease progression in tumor-bearing mouse models and cancer patients recently. We attempted to define whether this subset of T cells were re...

    Authors: Xiao-su Zhao, Xu-hua Wang, Xiang-yu Zhao, Ying-jun Chang, Lan-ping Xu, Xiao-hui Zhang and Xiao-jun Huang
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:187
  44. Therapeutic hypothermia is a treatment modality that is increasingly used to improve clinical neurological outcomes for ischemia-reperfusion injury-mediated diseases. Antibody-initiated classical complement pa...

    Authors: Tushar A Shah, Clifford T Mauriello, Pamela S Hair, Amandeep Sandhu, Michael P Stolz, William Thomas Bass, Neel K Krishna and Kenji M Cunnion
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:181
  45. BID functions as a bridge molecule between death-receptor and mitochondrial related apoptotic pathways to amplify apoptotic signaling. Our previous studies have demonstrated a substantial increase in BID expre...

    Authors: Su He Wang, Yongyi Fan and James R Baker Jr
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:180
  46. The inflammatory marker, C reactive protein has been proposed to also be a biomarker for adaptive immune responses in cancer patients with a possible application in time based chemotherapy. Fluxes in serum CRP...

    Authors: Mutsa T Madondo, Sandra Tuyaerts, Brit B Turnbull, Anke Vanderstraeten, Holbrook Kohrt, Balasubramanian Narasimhan, Frederic Amant, Michael Quinn and Magdalena Plebanski
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:179
  47. Single-cell network profiling (SCNP) is a multiparametric flow cytometry-based approach that simultaneously measures evoked signaling in multiple cell subsets. Previously, using the SCNP approach, age-associat...

    Authors: Diane M Longo, Brent Louie, Jason Ptacek, Greg Friedland, Erik Evensen, Santosh Putta, Michelle Atallah, David Spellmeyer, Ena Wang, Zoltan Pos, Francesco M Marincola, Andrea Schaeffer, Suzanne Lukac, Radha Railkar, Chan R Beals, Alessandra Cesano…
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:178
  48. We previously reported the clinical efficacy of adoptive immunotherapy (AIT) with dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with mucin 1 (MUC1) peptide and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). We also reported that gemcitabine ...

    Authors: Yoshitaro Shindo, Shoichi Hazama, Yoshinari Maeda, Hiroto Matsui, Michihisa Iida, Nobuaki Suzuki, Kiyoshi Yoshimura, Tomio Ueno, Shigefumi Yoshino, Kohei Sakai, Yutaka Suehiro, Takahiro Yamasaki, Yuji Hinoda and Masaaki Oka
    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2014 12:175

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