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Table 3 Cytokine concentration in women with SLE

From: Cytokine and autoantibody clusters interaction in systemic lupus erythematosus

Cytokine Healthy controls
N = 5a
SLE patients
N = 67a
Number of positive patients (%)b
IL-12/23p40 16.13 (18.9) 27.11 (48.9) 35/67 (52)
G-CSF 0 (0) 2.16 (6.19) 31/67 (46)
IFNα 0 (0) 3.72 (12.2) 17/67 (25)
IL-8 11.71 (4.5) 12.67 (25.1) 16/67 (24)
IL-6 0.11 (0.21) 4.99 (28.09) 15/67 (22)
IL-10 0 (0) 0.57 (1.79) 14/67 (21)
IL-1β 0 (0) 0.97 (4.66) 6/67 (9)
IL-17A 0 (0) 7.41 (33.9) 11/67 (16)
TNFα 0 (0) 2.11 (9.34) 9/67 (13)
IL-5 0 (0) 0.17 (0.77) 6/67 (9)
IL-4 0 (0) 0.39 (2.01) 4/67 (6)
IFNγ 0 (0) 0.39 (2.1) 4/67 (6)
IL-2 0 (0) 0.39 (2.23) 2/67 (3)
IL-9 0 (0) 0.13 (0.75) 2/67 (3)
IL-13 0 (0) 0.02 (0.19) 1/67 (1.5)
  1. IL interleukin, G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, IFN interferon, TNF tumor necrosis factor
  2. aMean (SD), in pg/mL
  3. bData correspond to those patients with positive values as compared to healthy controls (above the threshold) [34, 35]