Volume 8 Supplement 1

5th European Workshop on Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases

Open Access

Synovial fibroblast hyperplasia correlates with rheumatoid arthritis duration and activity and is partially reversed by anti-TNF therapy

  • E Izquierdo1,
  • J D Cañete2,
  • R Celis2,
  • M J Del Rey1,
  • A Usategui1,
  • S Marsal3,
  • R Sanmartí2,
  • G Criado1 and
  • J L Pablos1
Journal of Translational Medicine20108(Suppl 1):P30

https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5876-8-S1-P30

Published: 25 November 2010

Introduction

Synovial fibroblasts (SF) hyperplasia has been proposed to contribute to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Information on the dynamics of SF in RA is scanty since no reliable quantitative markers are available.

Aim

To evaluate immunolabeling of the fibroblast-specific chaperon hsp47 as a quantitative marker for SF and to analyse its clinicopathological correlates and evolution after anti-TNF α therapy.

Patients and methods

Synovial arthroscopic biopsies were obtained from RA (n=48) and osteoarthritis (OA; n=9) patients and normal controls (n=6). 25 patients with active disease were rebiopsied after 10±2 months of anti-TNF-α therapy. Immunoperoxidase or immunofluorescent labeling for hsp47 (cloneM16.10A1), CD68, CD3, CD20, CD31 and alpha-smooth muscle actin (aSMA) was performed. Hsp47-positive fractional area in the lining or sublining was quantified by ImageJ software. Correlation with clinicopathological variables was analyzed by Pearsons or Spearman's test where appropriate. Changes after anti-TNF therapy were analysed with Student´s t-test for paired data.

Results

In all healthy or diseased synovial tissues, anti-hsp47 immunolabeling specifically identified fibroblastic cells of the lining and sublining, and perivascular fibroblasts or pericytes.

Mononuclear cells, vascular CD31-positive endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells were not labelled. Lining SF area was significantly increased in RA and OA tissues compared to healthy tissues. In RA, a significant increase of the sublining SF area compared to either OA or healthy tissues was found. Lining SF area was significantly and positively correlated with the density of CD68-positive macrophages, DAS28, and disease duration. In contrast, the increase in the area of sublining SF was negatively correlated with disease duration and DAS28. A significant reduction of lining but not sublining SF area was observed after anti-TNF therapy. A higher but no statistically significantly different reduction of the lining SF area was observed in the group of EULAR responders.

Conclusion

Hsp47 is a specific marker of SF that permits to obtain quantitative data from human synovial tissues. Our data suggest that lining but not sublining SF expansion is a dynamic component of RA synovitis that parallels inflammatory activity and progression of the disease, and that can be partially reversed by anti-TNF therapy.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (I+12)
(2)
Unitat d’Artritis, Servei de Reumatologia, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS
(3)
Unitat de Reumatologia i Grup de Recerca de Reumatologia. Institut de Recerca, Hospital Vall d’Hebron

Copyright

© Izquierdo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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