Volume 12 Supplement 1

Melanoma Bridge 2013: Poster and Oral Presentations

Open Access

Systems biology analysis of immune signaling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of melanoma patients receiving ipilimumab; basis for response biomarker identification

  • Drew Hotson1Email author,
  • Ryan Alvarado1,
  • Andy Conroy1,
  • Santosh Putta1,
  • Ester Simeone2,
  • Assunta Esposito2,
  • Mariaelena Capone2,
  • Gabriele Madonna2,
  • Antonio M Grimaldi2,
  • David B Rosen1,
  • Spencer Liang1,
  • Alessandra Cesano1,
  • Carmela Cacciapuoti2,
  • Paolo A Ascierto2 and
  • Rachael E Hawtin1
Journal of Translational Medicine201412(Suppl 1):O13

https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5876-12-S1-O13

Published: 6 May 2014

Background

Ipilimumab, an anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody, is approved for treatment of unresectable/metastatic melanoma [1]. Treatment benefits only a subset of patients (pts) and is associated with significant adverse effects. Biomarkers of pt response are needed. Single cell network profiling (SCNP) is a multiparametric flow cytometry-based assay that quantitatively measures both phenotypic markers and changes in intracellular signaling proteins in response to modulation, enabling analysis of cell signaling networks [2, 3]. We have been concerned on functional proteomic profiling of immune signaling pathways in PBMC subsets in healthy donors and pts with metastatic melanoma receiving ipilumumab treatment.

Methods

3 healthy and 13 melanoma pt cryopreserved samples, (7 pre-treatment (pre-Tx), 6 post-treatment (post-Tx)) were analyzed. Cells were assessed for viability, cell subset frequencies and signaling in response to modulation. A node is the combination of modulator and intracellular readout (e.g. IL-6 -> p-STAT3). Cytokine, TCR- or FcγR-induced activation of STAT1, 3, 5, CD3z and Erk was evaluated in immune cell populations and comparisons made based on disease, treatment time point and clinical responses.

Results

Compared to healthy, melanoma monocytes displayed lower IL-10→p-STAT1, IL-10→p-STAT3, IL-6→p-STAT1, IL-6→p-STAT3 and FcγR→p-Erk. Similarly, TCR→p-CD3 was reduced most prominently in CD45RA- CD4+ and CD4- T cells. These data suggest hyporesponsivity of circulating immune cell subsets in the innate and adaptive arms of the immune response in melanoma pts. The same observations pertained to melanoma samples independent from administration of, or clinical response to, treatment. Effects of treatment on T cell signaling were observed compared to healthy donors and pre-Tx samples. Post-Tx samples had diminished TCR→p-Erk, TCR→p-CD3z in CD4+ and CD4- more prominently in CD45RA+ than CD45RA- subsets and diminished IL-15→p-STAT5 in CD4- T cells. No markers associated with clinical response to ipilumumab. In samples from non-responsive pts, the level of basal p-Erk in CD45RA+ CD4+ T cells and the percentage of Treg was higher compared to those of complete responders and healthy donors.

Conclusions

SCNP analysis of PBMC from healthy donors and melanoma pts pre-Tx and post-Tx identified signaling differences between melanoma and healthy and between pre- and post-Tx. Candidate predictive biomarkers for patient stratification will be evaluated in subsequent larger studies.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Nodality, Inc
(2)
G. Pascale National Tumor Foundation Institute

References

  1. Hodi FS, O'Day SJ, McDermott DF, Weber RW, Sosman JA, Haanen JB, Gonzalez R, Robert C, Schadendorf D, Hassel JC: Improved survival with ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma. The New England journal of medicine. 2010, 363: 711-723. 10.1056/NEJMoa1003466.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Irish JM, Kotecha N, Nolan GP: Mapping normal and cancer cell signalling networks: towards single-cell proteomics. Nat Rev Cancer. 2006, 6: 146-155. 10.1038/nrc1804.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cesano A, Putta S, Rosen DB, Cohen AC, Gayko U, Mathi K, Woronicz J, Hawtin RE, Cripe L, Sun Z: Functional pathway analysis using SCNP of FLT3 receptor pathway deregulation in AML provides prognostic information independent from mutational status. PLoS ONE. 2013, 8: e56714-10.1371/journal.pone.0056714.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Hotson et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Advertisement