Altered innate functions of myeloid dendritic cells in ANCA-associated vasculitis
© Braudeau et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 28 November 2012
Dendritic cells (DC) are critical effectors of innate and adaptive immunity, acting both as sentinels that detect the presence of pathogens and as key antigen-presenting cells that regulate the adaptive immune response. Therefore, DC play a crucial role in the control of autoimmune responses. We previously showed that blood DC numbers were strongly reduced in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) likely due to their recruitment in tissues. Here, we assessed the ex vivo responsiveness of blood DC from AAV-patients to Toll-like receptors (TLRs) stimulation.
Materials and methods
Blood samples from 10 untreated patients with AAV during flares and before any immunosuppressive treatment (AP) were analyzed, along with 9 AAV patients in remission (RP) and 11 age-matched healthy controls (HC). Intracellular cytokine (IL-12, TNF-α, IFN-α) production by blood DC was assessed by 8-colors flow cytometry after stimulation by Toll-like receptors of whole blood samples.
We found that myeloid DC (mDC) from patients in acute phase exhibited a decreased IL-12 production after TLR3, 4 and 7/8 stimulation compared to patients in remission and healthy controls. These mDC also produced less TNF-α after TLR3 stimulation. Moreover, we observed a reduction in the frequency TNFα-producing plasmacytoid DC (pDC) upon TLR7/8 triggering in AP patients compared to RP patients and HC.
Our data show that circulating mDC from patients with AAV exhibited an altered response to several TLR ligands, with a notable decrease in IL-12 production. These unexpected results suggest the innate functions of DC especially in response to pathogens are impaired during AAV.
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