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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects

From: The impact and distinction of ‘lipid healthy but obese’ and ‘lipid abnormal but not obese’ phenotypes on lumbar disc degeneration in Chinese

  LH-NO LH-O LA-NO LA-O
Number 101 77 123 377
Gender (M/F) 48/53 32/45 64/59 178/199
Age (year) 48.2 ± 8.3 47.0 ± 10.4 48.8 ± 7.5 48.2 ± 9.2
BMI (kg/m2) 22.01 ± 2.74 24.15 ± 3.64a 22.61 ± 3.08b 24.88 ± 3.30a,c
WHR 0.82 (0.80, 0.84) 0.91 (0.89, 0.95)a 0.82 (0.78, 0.84)b 0.91 (0.89, 0.94)a,c
TG (mmol/L) 0.90 (0.72, 1.14) 1.08 (0.81, 1.48) 1.66 (1.06, 2.01)a,b 2.25 (1.61, 3.10)a,b,c
TC (mmol/L) 4.59 (4.22, 4.79) 4.71 (4.30, 4.96) 5.40 (5.09, 5.84)a,b 5.44 (5.12, 6.18)a,b
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.47 (1.29, 1.76) 1.34 (1.26, 1.51)a 1.45 (1.13, 1.78)b 1.23 (1.06, 1.38)a,b,c
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.60 (2.12, 2.79) 2.76 (2.37, 3.02) 3.27 (2.84, 3.78)a,b 3.38 (3.02, 3.83)a,b
Subject percentage (%) 20.8 31.2 25.2 39.0
DD percentage (%) 4.2 6.5 8.3 13.5
  1. Data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation for normal distribution (age and BMI) and as median (interquartile range 25–75%) for skewed variables (WHR, TG, TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C)
  2. BMI body mass index, WHR waist to hip ratio, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LH-NO lipid healthy and non-abdominal obese, LH-O lipid healthy and abdominal obese, LA-NO lipid abnormal and non-abdominal obese, LA-O lipid abnormal and abdominal obese, DD degenerated disc
  3. aMeans P < 0.05 versus LH-NO
  4. bMeans P < 0.05 versus LH-O
  5. cMeans P < 0.05 versus LA-NO