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TableĀ 3 Lifestyle and environmental factors for healthcare of PCa patients

From: Data-driven translational prostate cancer research: from biomarker discovery to clinical decision

Name Type Description PMID
Daidzein, genistein Positive Soy foods and isoflavones reduce PCa risk 12869409
Toenail selenium Positive Higher selenium intake reduces PCa risk 14504196
Calcium Positive The increase of serum calcium level is associated with the decrease in PCa risk 24053657
Vitamin C Positive The intake is inversely correlated with PCa 11065004
Fresh fruits, vegetables, fish, nuts Positive Higher intake as Mediterranean diet is associated with lower the risk of PCa 28929838
Green vegetables, green tea Positive Regular consumption has protective effects on PCa 25256860
Tea, lycopene Positive Regular drinking tea and intakes of food with lycopene reduce PCa risk in Chinese men 17392149
Sleep duration Positive An inverse association between sleep duration and PCa risk 18542076
Smoking Negative Increasing the risk of high-grade PCa 25139338
Alcohol, smoking Negative Increasing the risk of advanced PCa 23929133
Alpha-linolenic acid, animal fat Negative Higher intake increases the risk of PCa 11065004
Vitamin D, calcium Negative Higher intake increases PCa risk in Caribbean men of African ancestry 25858172
Processed meat Negative Increase the risk of total PCa 17315319
Pickled vegetables, fermented soy products, salted fish, preserved meats Negative Higher intake increases the risk of PCa 15208621
Traffic-related air pollution, NO2 Negative Exposure to ambient concentrations of NO2 increases the risk of PCa 23531743
Polychlorinated biphenyls Negative Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls from environmental pollutants increases PCa risk 27742691
Excessive sun exposure Negative Excessive sun exposure increases the risk of PCa in Asians 22994730
Low pH Negative Low pH microenvironment is an important phenotype of PCa and other cancers 30715644
  1. PCa prostate cancer, pH the negative of the base 10 logarithm of the molar concentration of hydrogen ions in the solution, PMID PubMed ID