Skip to main content

Table 5 Changes in outcomes over the training and detraining periods (absolute changes ± standard deviation)

From: Effects of high vs moderate-intensity intermittent training on functionality, resting heart rate and blood pressure of elderly women

 HIIT (n = 15)MICT (n = 16)MIIT (n = 15)ANCOVA
Change ± SDChange ± SDChange ± SDFp
Body mass (kg)
 Baseline-post− 1.6 ± 0.1− 0.9 ± 0.1a− 0.9 ± 0.1a8.20.001
 Post–DT2w0.5 ± 0.031.0 ± 0.03a0.7 ± 0.03ab71.8< 0.001
 DT2w–DT4w1.1 ± 0.051.4 ± 0.041.1 ± 0.0518.5< 0.001
Fat mass (kg)
 Baseline-post− 2.0 ± 0.07− 0.7 ± 0.06a− 1.0 ± 0.1ab84.4< 0.001
 Post–DT2w0.7 ± 0.070.9 ± 0.060.7 ± 0.073.00.058
 DT2w–DT4w0.8 ± 0.051.1 ± 0.050.9 ± 0.056.30.004
Fat mass (%)
 Baseline-post− 2.2 ± 0.1− 0.7 ± 0.1a− 1.2 ± 0.1ab42.6< 0.001
 Post–DT2w0.8 ± 0.071.0 ± 0.070.9 ± 0.071.30.275
 DT2w–DT4w0.8 ± 0.071.0 ± 0.070.9 ± 0.071.30.275
Fat-free mass (kg)
 Baseline-Post0.3 ± 0.04− 0.2 ± 0.04a0.1 ± 0.04ab31.1< 0.001
 Post–DT2w− 0.8 ± 0.50.1 ± 0.5− 0.3 ± 0.50.60.532
 DT2w–DT4w0.2 ± 0.1− 0.3 ± 0.10.4 ± 0.1b5.20.009
Chair stand test (reps)
 Baseline-post3.4 ± 0.072.5 ± 0.06a3.1 ± 0.07ab40.4< 0.001
 Post–DT2w− 1.6 ± 0.1− 2.0 ± 0.1− 2.0 ± 0.13.30.045
 DT2w–DT4w− 1.7 ± 0.1− 2.5 ± 0.1a− 2.1 ± 0.17.60.001
6-min walking test (m)
 Baseline-post47.5 ± 18.417.1 ± 17.945.1 ± 18.50.80.426
 Post–DT2w− 23.3 ± 2.3− 33.2 ± 2.3a− 24.1 ± 2.3b5.40.008
 DT2w–DT4w− 21.9 ± 2.8− 28.3 ± 2.7− 26.4 ± 2.81.40.254
Gait velocity (m/s)
 Baseline-post0.03 ± 0.02− 0.01 ± 0.02− 0.01 ± 0.021.10.332
 Post–DT2w− 0.16 ± 0.02− 0.14 ± 0.02− 0.08 ± 0.022.10.137
 DT2w–DT4w− 0.13 ± 0.02− 0.20 ± 0.02− 0.15 ± 0.022.70.076
  1. DT2w detraining for 2 weeks, DT4w detraining for 4 week
  2. aDifferent from HIIT
  3. bDifferent from MICT