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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Visceral adipose accumulation increased the risk of hyperuricemia among middle-aged and elderly adults: a population-based study

Variables Total participants Non-hyperuricemia Hyperuricemia P
N, % 1284 1080 (84.1) 204 (15.9)
Serum uric acid (μmol/l) 311 ± 77 288 ± 57 431 ± 60 < 0.0001
Visceral adiposity index 2.17 (1.41–3.29) 2.08 (1.31–3.08) 2.84 (1.87–4.57) < 0.0001
Fatty liver index 37.9 (20.8–59.6) 36.2 (19.5–58.1) 48.4 (31.0–70.6) < 0.0001
Lipid accumulation product 47.7 (29.6–73.0) 45.8 (27.9–68.2) 62.8 (41.0–91.5) < 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.4 ± 3.5 25.2 ± 3.4 26.1 ± 3.7 0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 89.8 ± 9.6 89.5 ± 9.6 91.4 ± 9.0 0.01
Neck circumference (cm) 35.6 ± 3.5 35.5 ± 3.5 35.8 ± 3.5 0.22
Age (years) 67.8 ± 8.6 67.4 ± 8.5 69.7 ± 8.7 0.0007
Male [n (%)] 439 (34.2) 384 (35.6) 55 (27.0) 0.018
Current smoker [n (%)] 164 (12.8) 144 (13.3) 20 (9.8) 0.17
Current drinker [n (%)] 68 (5.3) 58 (5.4) 10 (4.9) 0.78
High physical activity [n (%)] 751 (58.5) 637 (59.0) 114 (55.9) 0.41
SBP (mmHg) 134 ± 15 134 ± 14 134 ± 15 0.98
DBP (mmHg) 83 ± 9 83 ± 9 82 ± 9 0.04
TG (mmol/l) 1.62 (1.19–2.23) 1.57 (1.14–2.14) 1.92 (1.44–2.86) < 0.0001
TC (mmol/l) 5.11 ± 0.98 5.11 ± 0.97 5.10 ± 1.06 0.91
LDL-c (mmol/l) 2.70 ± 0.69 2.71 ± 0.69 2.69 ± 0.72 0.79
HDL-c (mmol/l) 1.34 ± 0.30 1.36 ± 0.30 1.23 ± 0.26 < 0.0001
FPG (mmol/l) 5.60 (4.80–6.88) 5.60 (4.80–6.95) 5.58 (4.79–6.61) 0.34
ALT (U/l) 18.0 (14.0–25.0) 18.0 (14.0–25.0) 18.0 (14.0–25.0) 0.56
AST (U/l) 23.0 (19.0–27.0) 22.1 (19.0–27.0) 23.0 (19.0–28.4) 0.23
GGT (U/l) 21.0 (15.0–30.0) 20.0 (15.0–29.0) 23.0 (17.0–32.8) 0.0029
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 80.9 ± 14.2 82.8 ± 12.8 70.5 ± 16.5 < 0.0001
  1. Data were presented as mean ± SD for median (interquartile ranges) for continuous variables, and numbers (proportions) for categorical variables
  2. P values were calculated by t test for continuous variables and Chi-square test for categorical variables