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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics by categories of anthropometric measurements

From: Discriminatory ability of anthropometric measurements of central fat distribution for prediction of post-prandial hyperglycaemia in patients with normal fasting glucose: the DICAMANO Study

  Body mass index (kg/m2) Waist circumference (cm) Waist-to-hip ratio
Low (25.1–29.9) Intermediate (30.0–34.9) High (> 35) p-value Low (73–100) Intermediate (101–114) High (115–170) p-value Low (0.71–0.88) Intermediate (0.89–0.97) High (0.98–1.30) p-value
N 120 155 172   156 149 142   150 156 141  
Age, years 40 (14) 42 (14) 40 (13) 0.229 38 (13) 42 (14) 43 (14) 0.005 35 (12) 41 (13) 47 (13) <0.001
Gender, women, n (%) 91 (76) 100 (64) 100 (58) 0.008 132 (85) 101 (68) 58 (41) <0.001 142 (95) 108 (69) 41 (29) <0.001
Smoking, n (%) 29 (24) 40 (26) 36 (21) 0.571 41 (26) 29 (19) 35 (25) 0.345 31 (21) 42 (27) 32 (23) 0.419
Physical activity level, n (%)
 Sedentary or light activity 84 (70) 118 (76) 140 (81) 0.050 115 (74) 109 (73) 118 (83) 0.133 114 (76) 112 (72) 116 (82) 0.229
 Active or moderately active 34 (28) 37 (24) 29 (17) 39 (25) 39 (26) 22 (15) 35 (23) 41 (26) 24 (17)
 Vigorous or vigorously active 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Unknown 2 (2) 0 (0) 3 (2) 2 (1) 1 (1) 2 (1) 1 (1) 3 (2) 2 (1)
Fasting plasma glucose level, mmol l−1 5.1 (0.4) 5.0 (0.3) 5.1 (0.3) 0.862 5.0 (0.4) 5.0 (0.3) 5.1 (0.3) 0.408 4.9 (0.4) 5.0 (0.3) 5.1 (0.3) <0.001
Basal insulin, pmol l−1 56.9 (55.5) 76.4 (76.4) 97.2 (62.5) <0.001 62.5 (62.5) 76.4 (69.4) 104.2 (62.5) <0.001 69.4 (76.4) 76.4 (55.5) 97.2 (62.5) <0.001
HOMA-IR 1.8 (1.6) 2.4 (2.6) 3.2 (2) <0.001 1.9 (2) 2.5 (2.3) 3.4 (2.1) <0.001 2.2 (2.7) 2.3 (1.7) 3.2 (2) <0.001
Insulin sensitivity index 5.8 (3.6) 4.9 (3) 3.6 (2.8) <0.001 5.9 (3.6) 4.5 (2.8) 3.3 (2.6) <0.001 5.8 (3.6) 4.8 (3.2) 3.2 (2) <0.001
Disposition index 6 (5.1) 5.2 (4.6) 4.3 (5.4) <0.022 6 (5) 5.2 (6.2) 3.9 (3.3) 0.001 6.3 (6.6) 5 (4.4) 3.8 (3.1) <0.001
Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index 0.36 (0.04) 0.35 (0.04) 0.33 (0.04) 0.001 0.37 (0.04) 0.35 (0.04) 0.33 (0.04) <0.001 0.36 (0.05) 0.35 (0.04) 0.33 (0.04) <0.001
Insulinogenic index 1.2 (1.6) 1.2 (0.9) 1.5 (1.6) 0.092 1.2 (1.4) 1.3 (1.5) 1.5 (1.3) 0.258 1.2 (1.7) 1.3 (1.4) 1.4 (1) 0.712
  1. Data presented as mean ± SD
  2. Italic values refers to statistically significant difference as compared with the lowest tertile (reference category)
  Waist-to-height ratio Neck circumference (cm)
Low (0.47–0.61) Intermediate (0.62–0.68) High (0.69–1.11) p-value Low (30–35) Intermediate (36–40) High (41–57) p-value
N 167 145 135   153 156 138  
Age, years 37 (12) 42 (13) 44 (14) <0.001 39 (13) 40 (14) 44 (13) 0.004
Gender, women, n (%) 120 (72) 93 (64) 78 (58) 0.037 153 (100) 121 (77) 17 (12) <0.001
Smoking, n (%) 39 (23) 36 (25) 30 (22) 0.875 38 (25) 31 (20) 36 (26) 0.405
Physical activity level, n (%)
 Sedentary or light activity 117 (70) 110 (76) 115 (85) 0.013 100 (72) 118 (75) 114 (76) 0.154
 Active or moderately active 48 (29) 34 (23) 18 (13) 42 (27) 35 (22) 23 (17)
 Vigorous or vigorously active 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Unknown 2 (1) 1 (1) 2 (1) 1 (1) 3 (2) 1 (1)
Fasting plasma glucose level, mmol l−1 5.1 (0.3) 4.9 (0.3) 5.1 (0.3) 0.015 4.9 (0.4) 5.0 (0.3) 4.6 (0.3) 0.004
Basal insulin, pmol l−1 62.5 (62.5) 83.3 (69.4) 104.2 (62.5) <0.001 62.5 (76.4) 69.4 (55.5) 104.2 (55.5) <0.001
HOMA-IR 1.9 (2.1) 2.6 (2.2) 3.3 (2.2) <0.001 2.1 (2.5) 2.3 (1.9) 3.4 (1.9) <0.001
Insulin sensitivity index 5.9 (3.6) 4.3 (2.6) 3.5 (2.8) <0.001 6 (3.6) 4.8 (3.1) 3 (1.8) <0.001
Disposition index 6.1 (5.3) 5.1 (5.9) 3.7 (3.3) <0.001 6.6 (6) 4.7 (5.2) 3.8 (3.1) <0.001
Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index 037 (0.04) 0.35 (0.04) 0.34 (0.04) <0.001 0.37 (0.05) 0.35 (0.04) 0.33 (0.03) <0.001
Insulinogenic index 1.2 (1.3) 1.4 (1.6) 1.4 (1.3) 0.366 1.3 (1.5) 1.2 (1.3) 1.5 (1.3) 0.134
  1. Data presented as mean ± SD
  2. Italic values refers to statistically significant difference as compared with the lowest tertile (reference category)