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Table 1 Characteristics of adults population by nutritional status of the municipality of João Pessoa/PB/Brazil

From: Decrease of the DNA methylation levels of the ADRB3 gene in leukocytes is related with serum folate in eutrophic adults

Parameter Eutrophic (43.51%) Overweight (36.26%) Obesity (20.23%) p-value
Methylation levels (%)
Mean ± SD
43.29 ± 19.14 39.32 ± 17.57 42.74 ± 17.29 0.6020
Average age
Mean ± SD
35.07 ± 11.83ab 41.78 ± 12.52b 42.23 ± 11.58a 0.0002*
WHtR (cm/cm)
Mean ± SD
0.40 ± 0.16ab 0.55 ± 0.06bc 0.61 ± 0.15ac > 0.0000*
WHR (cm/cm)
Mean ± SD
0.79 ± 0.08ab 0.87 ± 0.09b 0.92 ± 0.09a > 0.0000*
WC (cm)
Mean ± SD
74.45 ± 9.45ab 89.48 ± 8.67bc 101.52 ± 13.90ac > 0.0000*
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)
Mean ± SD
175.15 ± 35.63 195.73 ± 45.19 199.40 ± 43.48 0.9460
LDL (mg/dl)
Mean ± SD
97.74 ± 47.71 112.03 ± 56.16 112.54 ± 62.30 0.1050
HDL (mg/dl)
Mean ± SD
45.84 ± 11.70 41.45 ± 10.46 42.87 ± 10.31 0.2740
Triglycerides (mg/dl)
Mean ± SD
120.39 ± 63.78a 158.10 ± 93.39 158.33 ± 73.90a 0.0241*
TAC (%)
Mean ± SD
41 ± 15 41 ± 14 42 ± 15 0.6880
MDA
Mean ± SD
2.75 ± 0.99 2.98 ± 0.89 2.93 ± 0.75 0.6330
Alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (mg/dl)
Mean ± SD
63.96 ± 20.86 64.66 ± 17.67 68.02 ± 16.45 0.2020
Homocysteine (micromol/l)
Mean ± SD
11.42 ± 12.40 10.31 ± 6.43 10.69 ± 6.25 0.3540
Serum folate (ng/ml)
Mean ± SD
14.23 ± 5.47 13.67 ± 4.87 14.70 ± 5.74 0.5660
Vitamin B12 (pg/ml)
Mean ± SD
277.67 ± 136.74 261.83 ± 113.45 289.23 ± 126.91 0.0936
Total fat (g)
Mean ± SD
55.12 ± 29.94 58.85 ± 52.14 58.47 ± 46.68 0.8810
Calories (Kcal)
Mean ± SD
1805.16 ± 695.07 1829.67 ± 1012.35 1954.71 ± 1815.64 0.7160
Dietary folate (mcg)
Mean ± SD
170.58 ± 174.83 139.58 ± 111.68 126.53 ± 89.34 0.5640
Vitamin B12 (mcg)
Mean ± SD
2.10 ± 1.53 1.86 ± 1.59 2.01 ± 1.64 0.1370
Monounsaturated fat (g)
Mean ± SD
14.50 ± 8.46 16.43 ± 13.80 15.07 ± 11.68 0.9240
Oleic acid (g)
Mean ± SD
9.59 ± 7.33 12.03 ± 12.19 11.09 ± 10.75 0.7780
Omega 3 (g)
Mean ± SD
0.64 ± 0.95 0.61 ± 0.63 0.68 ± 0.89 0.4100
Omega 6 (g)
Mean ± SD
5.81 ± 4.96 6.81 ± 5.64 8.44 ± 14.17 0.2660
Saturated fat (g)
Mean ± SD
17.33 ± 10.69 18.42 ± 17.72 16.85 ± 13.36 0.6750
Cholesterol (mg)
Mean ± SD
264.93 ± 264.93 258.18 ± 224.64 226.09 ± 171.47 0.9460
Trans fat (g)
Mean ± SD
0.75 ± 1.60a 0.61 ± 0.54 0.76 ± 0.91a 0.0172*
  1. aSignificant difference in mean values of the variable between obese and eutrophic individuals (p-value Tukey’s test < 0.05)
  2. bSignificant difference in mean values of the variable between overweight and eutrophic individuals (p-value Tukey’s test < 0.05)
  3. cSignificant difference in mean values of the variable between obese and overweight individuals (p-value Tukey’s test < 0.05)