Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Participant’s demographic, anthropometric and clinical characteristics after 1 year according to extra virgin olive oil-intake

From: Effect of the replacement of dietary vegetable oils with a low dose of extravirgin olive oil in the Mediterranean Diet on cognitive functions in the elderly

Demographic, anthropometric and clinical characteristics MeDiet (N = 55) MeDiet plus EVOO (N = 55) p value
Weight (Kg) 71 (11) 71 (14) 0.99
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.9 (4) 28.7 (4) 0.29
WC (cm) 96 (11) 95 (12) 0.80
SBP (mmHg) 128 (12) 131 (15) 0.40
DBP (mmHg) 80 (8) 78 (10) 0.34
Glucose (mg/dL) 103 (23) 103 (20) 0.92
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.86 (0.2) 0.85 (0.2) 0.81
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 192 (38) 191 (36) 0.81
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 54 (14) 60 (17) 0.05
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 119 (37) 117 (33) 0.74
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 121 (57) 104 (38) 0.08
Nutrients intake
 Calories (Kcal) 1545 (386) 1560 (292) 0.81
 MAI 3.09 (1) 3.22 (1) 0.60
 ΔMAI 0.02 (1) 0.18 (1) 0.51
 Carbohydrates (%) 47 (5) 51 (6) 0.002
 Proteins (%) 16 (3) 17 (3) 0.48
 Fats (%) 36 (6) 33 (5) < 0.001
 Carbohydrates (g) 177 (48) 193 (42) 0.053
 Proteins (g) 61 (18) 63 (16) 0.43
 Fats (g) 60 (17) 55 (12) 0.07
 Alcohol (g) 8 (11) 6 (8) 0.21
 Monounsaturated fatty acids (g) 31 (10) 28 (5) 0.025
 Oleic acid (g) 30 (9) 27 (5) 0.027
Food groups intake
 Potatoes (g) 25 (24) 26 (32) 0.73
 Cereals (g) 164 (70) 171 (55) 0.56
 Legumes (g) 19 (19) 26 (25) 0.14
 Vegetables (g) 203 (295) 229 (128) 0.55
 Fruit (g) 269 (149) 336 (188) 0.041
 Fish (g) 42 (32) 47 (40) 0.48
 Meat (g) 72 (42) 68 (45) 0.64
 Eggs (g) 10 (11) 9 (11) 0.87
 Milk (g) 104 (98) 145 (114) 0.043
 Cheese (g) 35 (29) 35 (26) 0.98
 Animal fats/margarines (g) 0.8 (3) 0.7 (3) 0.78
 Cookies (g) 8 (16) 12 (17) 0.28
 Cakes/pies (g) 25 (18) 20 (20) 0.19
 Sugar drinks (g) 4.0 (12) 16 (53) 0.11
 Wine (g) 74 (109) 51 (78) 0.20
 EVOO (g) 30 (12) 26 (6) 0.044
  1. EVOO extra virgin olive oil, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HDL high density lipoprotein, LDL low density lipoprotein