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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics between patients with and without CarAC

From: CDKN2B methylation is associated with carotid artery calcification in ischemic stroke patients

Characteristics All (n = 322) CarAC p value
With (n = 187) Without (n = 135)
Age, years 62.0 (55.0–70.0) 66.0 (58.0–73.0) 57.0 (47.0–64.0) <0.001
Male, n (%) 229 (71.1) 132 (70.6) 97 (71.9) 0.901
BMI, kg/m2 24.7 (22.9–26.1) 24.5 (22.6–26.0) 24.9 (23.7–26.4) 0.032
HTN, n (%) 250 (77.6) 155 (82.9) 95 (70.4) 0.010
DM, n (%) 110 (34.2) 74 (39.6) 36 (26.7) 0.017
CAD, n (%) 24 (7.5) 16 (8.6) 8 (5.9) 0.400
TC, mmol/L 4.21 (3.58–5.00) 4.17 (3.40–4.93) 4.28 (3.83–5.12) 0.029
TG, mmol/L 1.40 (1.09–1.88) 1.36 (1.03–1.75) 1.54 (1.17–2.02) 0.016
HDL, mmol/L 0.98 (0.82–1.15) 0.98 (0.81–1.15) 0.99 (0.84–1.16) 0.363
LDL, mmol/L 2.61 (1.93–3.18) 2.57 (1.79–3.18) 2.68 (2.20–3.19) 0.180
Glucose, mmol/L 5.3 (4.6–6.6) 5.3 (4.7–6.8) 5.2 (4.6–6.2) 0.260
Smoking, n (%) 132 (41.0) 81 (43.3) 51 (37.8) 0.359
Drinking, n (%) 96 (29.8) 58 (31.0) 38 (28.1) 0.622
  1. Statistically signficant values are in italics
  2. Data are presented as number of patients (%) or median (interquartile range)
  3. CarAC carotid artery calcification; BMI body mass index; HTN hypertension; DM diabetes mellitus; CAD coronary artery disease; TC total cholesterol; TG triglyceride; HDL high-density lipoprotein; LDL low-density lipoprotein