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Table 2 Characteristics of the study sample according to the different environment subgroups (anthocyanins and polyphenols intake)

From: Interaction between polyphenols intake and PON1 gene variants on markers of cardiovascular disease: a nutrigenetic observational study

Characteristics Total sample Anthocyanins intake Polyphenols intake
High Low High Low
Male (%) 40 41 33 37 49*
Age (years) 51.00 ± 13.96 (443) 53.13 ± 13.83 (141) 47.63 ± 13.57 (142)* 49.60 ± 13.60 (148) 49.54 ± 14.38 (147)
BMI 24.70 ± 4.80 (443) 24.62 ± 4.96 (141) 25.21 ± 5.05 (142) 23.86 ± 4.07 (148) 25.79 ± 5.03 (147)*
Obese subjects, BMI ≥30 (%) 12.9 10.6 18.3 11.5 17
HDL (mg/dl) 54.79 ± 13.30 (428) 54.94 ± 12.85 (141) 54.80 ± 13.27 (142) 55.97 ± 14.45 (143) 53.99 ± 13.70 (143)
<35 mg/dl men, <45 mg/dl women (%) 8.6 9.2 12.7 3.5 13.99*
LDL (mg/dl) 125.17 ± 34.51 (429) 128.09 ± 36.77 (141) 124.83 ± 33.27 (142) 121.32 ± 35.26 (143) 126.00 ± 31.90 (144)
≥150 mg/dl (%) 22.1 24.1 21.8 18.8 22.9
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 201.42 ± 39.28 (430) 203.55 ± 41.54 (141) 200.68 ± 40.64 (142) 197.74 ± 39.46 (143) 203.47 ± 37.98 (145)
>220 mg/dl (%) 30.9 32.4 32.6 29.4 32.4
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 106.32 ± 60.50 (427) 102.56 ± 45.80 (141) 105.69 ± 62.16 (141) 102.64 ± 58.24 (142) 114.62 ± 67.61 (145)
>190 (mg/dl) (%) 8.9 5.7 9.2 9.9 11.1
AIP −0.11 ± 0.26 (421) −0.118 ± 0.24 (141) −0.11 ± 0.26 (141) −0.14 ± 0.26 (142) 0.08 ± 0.27 (143)
  1. Data are reported as mean ± standard deviation (number of subjects) or percentages. Between-groups comparison of continuous variables was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA); categorical data were compared between groups using the chi2 test or fisher’ exact test
  2. AIP atherogenic index of plasma calculated as [log(triglycerides/HDL)]
  3. * P < 0.05 of the comparison among environment subgroups