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Table 1 Socio-demographic, anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of psoriatic patients and control group

From: Nutrition: a key environmental dietary factor in clinical severity and cardio-metabolic risk in psoriatic male patients evaluated by 7-day food-frequency questionnaire

Parameters Psoriatic patients
n = 41
Control group
n = 41
p values
Age (years) 52.1 ± 11.1 49.7 ± 10.0 0.309
BMI (kg/m2) 31.2 ± 4.4 30.1 ± 6.9 0.407
Education status    χ 2 = 0.049
p = 0.825
 Graduates (n) 20 22  
 Higher secondary (n) 21 19  
Employment    χ 2 = 1.384
p = 0.239
 Un-employed (n) 3 0  
 Employed (n) 38 41  
Marital status    χ 2 = 0.139
p = 0.710
 Single (n) 5 3  
 Married (n) 36 38  
Physical activity    χ 2 = 0.625
p = 0.429
 Sedentary (n) 39 36  
 Moderate (n) 2 5  
SBP (mmHg) 126.7 ± 15.0 116.6 ± 11.8 0.002
DBP (mmHg) 80.0 ± 9.7 71.3 ± 5.7 <0.001
WC (cm) 108.1 ± 13.8 102.6 ± 8.4 0.035
CRP levels (ng/ml)* 3.7 ± 6.4 0.8 ± 0.5 0.050
Fasting Glucose (mg/dl) 111.7 ± 34.2 87.9 ± 32.8 0.004
Insulin (μU/ml) 11.1 ± 6.2 7.4 ± 7.6 0.022
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 219.0 ± 44.5 199.2 ± 47.9 0.021
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 38.9 ± 11.8 45.3 ± 11.9 0.025
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 147.3 ± 49.0 124.4 ± 49.2 0.035
Triglycerides (mg/ml) 164.4 ± 93.5 127.4 ± 48.8 0.041
AST (U/l) 32.4 ± 15.5 31.9 ± 22.9 0.932
ALT (U/l) 37.3 ± 17.0 26.3 ± 12.0 0.007
γGT (U/l) 43.8 ± 23.8 31.3 ± 20.9 0.030
HoMA-IR* 3.4 ± 2.9 2.0 ± 3.3 0.001
VAI 5.4 (1.3–23.6) 4.1 (1.1–8.6) 0.049
FLI 76.1 ± 23.6 60.4 ± 26.9 0.009
  1. The psoriatic patients exhibited statistically significant differences compared with controls for anthropometric measurements, metabolic profiles and cardio-metabolic indices. Results are expressed as mean ± SD or as median plus range according to variable distributions evaluated by Kolmogorov–Smirnov test. *CRP levels and *HoMA-IR values were logarithmically transformed and back-transformed for presentation in table. Differences between groups were analyzed by paired t test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test, when appropriate. The Chi-square (χ 2) test was used to test the significance of differences between the two groups. Italicized p-values represent significant differences at p < 0.05
  2. BMI Body Mass Index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, WC Waist Circumference, CRP C-reactive protein, HDL High-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT Alanine transaminase, γGT γ-glutamyltransferase, HoMA-IR Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance, VAI Visceral Adiposity Index, FLI Fatty Liver Index, MetS Metabolic Syndrome