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Table 2 Summary of demographic characteristics and immunological indices

From: Effect of deworming on Th2 immune response during HIV-helminths co-infection

Characteristics Symptomatic HIV infection (N = 60) Asymptomatic HIV infection (N = 45) Healthy controls (N = 25)
Males 28 19 17
Females 32 26 8
Mean age (years) 30.6 ± 8 29.0 ± 9 26.5 ± 7
Median (IQR) total serum IgE (IU/ml)
 With helminths 1,593 (1,132–2,497)b 1,231 (706–2,241)c 908 (401–1,625)
 Without helminths 1,259 (625–2,256) 831 (628–1,617) 662 (127–875)
Median (IQR) CD4+ T cells count (cells/mm3 of blood)
 With helminths 169 (48–201) 555 (128–672)a 707 (98–1,003)
 Without helminths 161 (39–218) 677 (190–879) 792 (91–1,129)
Median (IQR) CD8+ T cells count (cells/mm3 of blood)
 With helminths 1,070 ± 103d 1,009 ± 82 1,072 ± 96
 Without helminths 869 ± 87 813 ± 71 893 ± 84
  1. aSignificant difference compared to asymptomatic group without helminths and symptomatic group with helminths, P < 0.05.
  2. bSignificant difference compared to asymptomatic group with helminths and symptomatic group without helminths, P < 0.01.
  3. cSignificant difference compared with asymptomatic group without helminths, P < 0.01.
  4. dSignificant difference compared to symptomatic and asymptomatic group without helminths, P < 0.01.