MRI Images obtained before (Panels A and B), and six months after (Panel C) the stem cell treatment of patient 1. Panels A and B: Consecutive axial FLuid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) images through the lateral ventricles show multiple small foci of bright signal in the periventricular and subcortical white matter, consistent with plaques of multiple sclerosis. Panel C: Axial FLAIR image shows no significant change in the multiple periventricular and subcortical white-matter plaques. (For the comparison, note that this slice is positioned between those in A and B, and at slightly different scanning-angle, so it includes lesions of both those slices, as well as others slightly out-of their plane.).