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  1. Human metastatic cutaneous melanoma has gained a well deserved reputation for its immune responsiveness. The reason(s) remain(s) unknown. We attempted previously to characterize several variables that may affe...

    Authors: Ena Wang, Monica C Panelli, Katia Zavaglia, Susanna Mandruzzato, Nan Hu, Phil R Taylor, Barbara Seliger, Paola Zanovello, Ralph S Freedman and Francesco M Marincola

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:34

    Content type: Research

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  2. Past studies suggested that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) assisted anti-tumor treatment and intensified the sensitivity of chemotherapy. However its clinical application has been curbed because of its low purity...

    Authors: Xing Liu, Xiang-fu Zhang, Zhi-weng Zheng, Huishan Lu, Xinyuan Wu, Changmin Huang, Chuan Wang and Guoxiang Guang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:33

    Content type: Research

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  3. Recently BRCA1 has been implicated in the regulation of gene expression from the X chromosome. In this study the influence of BRCA1 on expression of X chromosome genes was investigated. Complementary DNA micro...

    Authors: Amir A Jazaeri, Gadisetti VR Chandramouli, Olga Aprelikova, Ulrike A Nuber, Christos Sotiriou, Edison T Liu, H Hilger Ropers, Cindy J Yee, Jeff Boyd and J Carl Barrett

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:32

    Content type: Research

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  4. This study assessed the Granzyme B (GrB) ELISPOT as a viable alternative to the 51Cr-release assay for measuring cytotoxic activity of innate immune effector cells. We strategically selected the GrB ELISPOT assay...

    Authors: Kimberly A Shafer-Weaver, Thomas Sayers, Douglas B Kuhns, Susan L Strobl, Mark W Burkett, Michael Baseler and Anatoli Malyguine

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:31

    Content type: Methodology

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  5. Sequence-based typing (SBT) is one of the most comprehensive methods utilized for HLA typing. However, one of the inherent problems with this typing method is the interpretation of ambiguous allele combination...

    Authors: Sharon D Adams, Kathleen C Barracchini, Deborah Chen, FuMeei Robbins, Lu Wang, Paula Larsen, Robert Luhm and David F Stroncek

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:30

    Content type: Research

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  6. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a well characterized prostate-specific tumor associated antigen. Its expression is elevated in prostate carcinoma, particularly in metastatic and recurrent lesions....

    Authors: Jiaqiang Ren, Li Zheng, Qi Chen, Hua Li, Lin Zhang and Hongguang Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:29

    Content type: Research

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  7. Translational research requires a team approach to scientific inquiry and product development. Translational research teams consist of basic and clinical scientists who can be members of both academic and indu...

    Authors: Malcolm R Parks and Mary L Disis

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:28

    Content type: Commentary

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  8. Dendritic Cell (DC) vaccination is a very promising therapeutic strategy in cancer patients. The immunizing ability of DC is critically influenced by their migration activity to lymphatic tissues, where they h...

    Authors: Ruggero Ridolfi, Angela Riccobon, Riccardo Galassi, Gianluigi Giorgetti, Massimiliano Petrini, Laura Fiammenghi, Monica Stefanelli, Laura Ridolfi, Andrea Moretti, Giuseppe Migliori and Giuseppe Fiorentini

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:27

    Content type: Research

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  9. The hypothesis that human cancers express antigens that can be specifically targeted by cell mediated immunity has become a scientifically justifiable rationale for the design and clinical testing of novel tum...

    Authors: Maurizio Chiriva-Internati, Fabio Grizzi, Robert K Bright and W Martin Kast

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:26

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. The administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) donors causes spleen length to increase, but the duration of enlargement is not known. Eighteen he...

    Authors: David F Stroncek, Kristin Dittmar, Thomas Shawker, Angela Heatherman and Susan F Leitman

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:25

    Content type: Research

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  11. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is characterized by a high prevalence in Southern China, especially among Cantonese individuals of the Guangdong Province. Epidemiological studies have suggested that frequent ex...

    Authors: Ju-Hong Jiang, Wei-Hua Jia, Han-Kui Chen, Bing-Jian Feng, Hai-De Qin, Zhi-Gang Pan, Guo-Ping Shen, Li-Xi Huang, Qi-Sheng Feng, Li-Zhen Chen, Dong-Xin Lin and Yi-Xin Zeng

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:24

    Content type: Research

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  12. With the role of angiogenesis in tumor growth and progression firmly established, considerable effort has been directed to antiangiogenic therapy as a new modality to treat human cancers. Antiangiogenic agents...

    Authors: Anita Tandle, Dan G Blazer III and Steven K Libutti

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:22

    Content type: Review

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  13. Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family containing a single baculovirus IAP repeat domain. It is expressed during fetal development but becomes undetectable in terminally differ...

    Authors: Tetsuhiro Tsuruma, Fumitake Hata, Toshihiko Torigoe, Tomohisa Furuhata, Satomi Idenoue, Takehiro Kurotaki, Masaaki Yamamoto, Atsuhito Yagihashi, Tosei Ohmura, Koji Yamaguchi, Tadashi Katsuramaki, Takahiro Yasoshima, Kazuaki Sasaki, Yasuhiro Mizushima, Hidetoshi Minamida, Hiromichi Kimura…

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:19

    Content type: Research

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  14. Extensive clinical experience has shown that systemic interleukin (IL)-2 administration can induce complete or partial regression of renal cell cancer (RCC) metastases in 15 to 20 % of patients. Since IL-2 has...

    Authors: Monica C Panelli, Richard White, Mareva Foster, Brian Martin, Ena Wang, Kina Smith and Francesco M Marincola

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  15. The endotelin (ET) axis, that includes ET-1, ET-2, ET-3, and the ET receptors, ETA and ETB, plays an important physiological role, as modulator of vasomotor tone, tissue differentiation and development, cell prol...

    Authors: Anna Bagnato and Pier Giorgio Natali

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:16

    Content type: Review

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  16. CD8+ T cell responses are known to be important to the control of HIV-1 infection. While responses to reverse transcriptase and most structural and accessory proteins have been extensively studied, CD8 T cell ...

    Authors: William R Rodriguez, Marylyn M Addo, Almas Rathod, Cecily A Fitzpatrick, Xu G Yu, Beth Perkins, Eric S Rosenberg, Marcus Altfeld and Bruce D Walker

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:15

    Content type: Research

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  17. When we launched the Journal of Translational Medicine a few months ago, we were interested primarily in exploring scientific consideration of this discipline. However, as editors of JTM, we have been contacted a...

    Authors: Stacey P Mankoff, Christian Brander, Soldano Ferrone and Francesco M Marincola

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:14

    Content type: Commentary

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  18. We assessed the incidence of micro-metastases at surgical margins (SM) and pelvic lymph nodes (LN) in patients submitted to radical retropubic prostatectomy (RP) after neoadjuvant therapy (NT) or to RP alone. ...

    Authors: Marco Grasso, Caterina Lania, Salvatore Blanco, Marco Baruffi and Simone Mocellin

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  19. Cells of the immune system spontaneously recognize autologous tumor cells and T cells are believed to be the main effector cells for the immune surveillance of cancer. Recent advances in our understanding of b...

    Authors: Per thor Straten, David Schrama, Mads Hald Andersen and Jürgen C Becker

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:11

    Content type: Review

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  20. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most commons cancers in Southeast Asia and Southern China. Several NPC-associated genes have been so far described and here we describe the identification and the c...

    Authors: Feng Li, Xu Y Yang, Wei H Jiang, Zhi H Yin, Xiang L Feng, Wei D Liu, Lei Wang, Wen Zhou, Cai P Ren and Kai T Yao

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:10

    Content type: Research

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  21. The desired outcome of cancer vaccination is to induce a potent T cell response which can specifically recognize and eliminate autologous tumor cells in vivo. Accordingly, immunological assays that demonstrate re...

    Authors: Anatoli Malyguine, Susan L Strobl, Kimberly A Shafer-Weaver, Tracy Ulderich, Angela Troke, Michael Baseler, Larry W Kwak and Sattva S Neelapu

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:9

    Content type: Methodology

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  22. Genes in the Leukocyte Antigen 6 (Ly-6) superfamily encode glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored glycoproteins (gp) with conserved domains of 70 to 100 amino acids and 8 to 10 cysteine residues. Murine Ly-...

    Authors: David F Stroncek, Lorraine Caruccio and Maria Bettinotti

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:8

    Content type: Review

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  23. Congenital thrombotic risk factors, oncological diseases and its therapies have been related to an increased occurrence of upper extremities deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT).

    Authors: Pierpaolo Di Micco, Alferio Niglio, Amalia De Renzo, Anna Lucania, Rosanna Di Fiore, Olga Scudiero and Giuseppe Castaldo

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:7

    Content type: Research

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  24. Osteoclasts are cells of hematopoietic origin with a unique property of dissolving bone; their inhibition is a principle for treatment of diseases of bone loss. Protocols for generation of human osteoclasts in...

    Authors: Mira Susa, Ngoc-Hong Luong-Nguyen, David Cappellen, Natasa Zamurovic and Rainer Gamse

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:6

    Content type: Methodology

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  25. Reliable quantitative evaluation of molecular pathways is critical for both drug discovery and treatment monitoring. We have modified the CAM assay to quantitatively measure vascular density, endothelial proli...

    Authors: Walter J Miller, Mark L Kayton, Angela Patton, Sarah O'Connor, Mei He, Huan Vu, Galina Baibakov, Dominique Lorang, Vladimir Knezevic, Elise Kohn, H Richard Alexander, David Stirling, Faribourz Payvandi, George W Muller and Steven K Libutti

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:4

    Content type: Research

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  26. Cell-based bioassays have been suggested for screening of hormones and drug bioactivities. They are a plausible alternative to animal based methods. The technique used is called receptor/reporter system. Recep...

    Authors: Shrikant S Betrabet, Jyoti Choudhuri and Manjit Gill-Sharma

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2004 2:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The interferon-γ (IFN-γ) ELISPOT assay is one of the most useful techniques for immunological monitoring of cancer vaccine trials and has gained increased application as a measure of specific T cell activation...

    Authors: Kimberly Shafer-Weaver, Thomas Sayers, Susan Strobl, Eric Derby, Tracy Ulderich, Michael Baseler and Anatoli Malyguine

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:14

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  28. To evaluate a panel of pretreatment clinical and laboratory parameters in metastatic melanoma (MM) in order to verify their impact on response and survival in a single prospective multi-institutional phase III...

    Authors: Michele Guida, Alessandra Ravaioli, Vanna Chiarion Sileni, Antonella Romanini, Roberto Labianca, Antonio Freschi, Salvatore Brugnara, Addolorata Casamassima, Vito Lorusso, Oriana Nanni and Ruggero Ridolfi

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. The identification and characterization of viral epitopes across the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) polymorphism is critical for the development of actives-specific or adoptive immunotherapy of virally-mediated...

    Authors: Maurizio Provenzano, Simone Mocellin, Paola Bonginelli, Dirk Nagorsen, Seog-Woon Kwon and David Stroncek

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:12

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  30. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has no diagnostic clinical signs or diagnostic laboratory abnormalities and it is unclear if it represents a single illness. The CFS research case definition recommends stratifyi...

    Authors: Toni Whistler, Elizabeth R Unger, Rosane Nisenbaum and Suzanne D Vernon

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:10

    Content type: Research

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  31. While the use of high-resolution molecular typing in routine matching of h uman l eukocyte a ntigens (HLA) is expected to improve unrelated donor selection and transplant outcome, the genetic complexity of HLA st...

    Authors: Daniel Ramon, Megan Braden, Sharon Adams, Francesco M Marincola and Lu Wang

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:9

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  32. Dendritic cells (DC) are increasingly prepared in vitro for use in immunotherapy trials. Mature DC express high levels of surface molecules needed for T cell activation and are superior at antigen-presentation th...

    Authors: Gopi Shankar, Linda A Pestano and Marnix L Bosch

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:7

    Content type: Research

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  33. Macrophages can produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in response to hypoxia, transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), angiotensin II, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and interleukin-1. These...

    Authors: Dimitrios Panutsopulos, Alexandros Zafiropoulos, Elias Krambovitis, George E Kochiadakis, Nikos E Igoumenidis and Demetrios A Spandidos

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Arginine metabolism in tumor cell lines can be influenced by various cytokines, including recombinant human interferon-γ (rIFN-γ), a cytokine that shows promising clinical activity in epithelial ovarian cancer...

    Authors: Bohuslav Melichar, Wei Hu, Rebecca Patenia, Karolina Melicharová, Stacie T Gallardo and Ralph Freedman

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Detection of unknown single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) relies on large scale sequencing expeditions of genomic fragments or complex high-throughput chip technology. We describe a simplified strategy for flu...

    Authors: Ena Wang, Sharon Adams, Yingdong Zhao, Monica Panelli, Richard Simon, Harvey Klein and Francesco M Marincola

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:4

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  36. The matrix protein of the influenza A virus and the matrix and capsid proteins of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) share striking structural similarities which may have evolutionary and biological signif...

    Authors: Paula M Acierno, Danforth A Newton, Edwin A Brown, Lou Anne Maes, John E Baatz and Sebastiano Gattoni-Celli

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The landscape for cancer research is profoundly different today from that only one decade ago. Basic science is moving rapidly and biotechnological revolutions in molecular targeting and immunology have comple...

    Authors: Frederic Lehmann, Denis Lacombe, Patrick Therasse and Alexander MM Eggermont

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:2

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  38. The purpose of translational research is to test, in humans, novel therapeutic strategies developed through experimentation. Translational research should be regarded as a two-way road: Bench to Bedside and Be...

    Authors: Francesco M Marincola

    Citation: Journal of Translational Medicine 2003 1:1

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

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