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Table 3 Risk of total mortality according to lifestyle factors category within CMDs status

From: Cardiometabolic diseases, total mortality, and benefits of adherence to a healthy lifestyle: a 13-year prospective UK Biobank study

CMDs status Lifestyle Events Person-years Mortality ratea HR (95% CI)b
CMD Unfavorable 823 46,553 17.7 (16.5–18.9) 1 (Ref.)
Intermediate 1685 116,571 14.4 (13.9–15.2) 0.81 (0.75–0.89)
Favorable 2678 241,464 11.1 (10.7–11.5) 0.62 (0.57–0.67)
CMD-free Unfavorable 1684 264,125 6.4 (6.1–6.7) 1 (Ref.)
Intermediate 4395 911,289 4.8 (4.7–5.0) 0.77 (0.73–0.82)
Favorable 10,208 2,879,854 3.5 (3.5–3.6) 0.56 (0.53–0.59)
  1. aMortality rate per 1000 person-years
  2. bCox regression models were adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, Townsend deprivation index, qualifications, employment, cholesterol, C-reactive protein, triglycerides, hypertension, use of aspirin, and use of insulin