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Table 2 Univariate analysis for the presence of PDR

From: Association of monocyte-lymphocyte ratio and proliferative diabetic retinopathy in the U.S. population with type 2 diabetes

Characteristics   
n OR (95% CI) P
Age (years) 0.99 (0.96–1.03) 0.690
Sex, n (%)   0.175
Male 1  
Female 1.74 (0.78–3.85)  
Race/ethnicity, n (%)   
Non-Hispanic white 1  
Non-Hispanic black 2.82 (0.96–8.25) 0.059
Mexican American 1.80 (0.5–6.44) 0.364
Other 4.00 (1.09–14.66) 0.036
Marriage, n (%)   
Married 1  
Unmarried 1.72 (0.36–8.18) 0.497
Other 1.8 (0.79 ~ 4.07) 0.161
BMI   
Underweight/normal 1  
Overweight 0.33 (0.09–1.2) 0.092
Obese 0.75 (0.26 ~ 2.16) 0.594
Smoking status, n (%)   
Current smoker 1  
Former smoker 5.09 (0.64–40.73) 0.125
Never smoker 5.33 (0.69–41.1) 0.108
VitD (nmol/L) 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.803
HGB(g/dL) 0.68 (0.54–0.86) 0.001
CRP 1.10 (0.87–1.39) 0.414
HDL (mmol/L) 1.31 (0.45–3.78) 0.616
Total cholesterol(mmol/L) 1.22 (0.91–1.63) 0.176
Family history of diabetes, n (%) 0.53 (0.21–1.36) 0.186
Duration of diabetes (years) 1.04 (1.01–1.07) 0.004
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; BMI, body mass index; Vitamin D, Vit D; HGB, hemoglobin; CRP, C-reactive protein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol