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Table 2 Demographic and metabolic characteristics of all pregnant women at 12–24 gestational weeks who were categorized into binaries according to their 4-h postprandial TG concentrations at the time of OLTT measurement

From: Elevated mid-trimester 4-h postprandial triglycerides for predicting late-onset preeclampsia: a prospective screening study

Variables Low binary High binary p value
( 4 h TG < 3.47 mmol/L) ( 4 h TG ≥ 3.47 mmol/L)
( N = 219) ( N = 219)
Age (years) 30.98 ± 3.80 30.58 ± 3.99 0.77
Gravidity 2.39 ± 1.19 2.23 ± 1.22 0.33
Parity 0.56 ± 0.80 0.53 ± 0.71 0.49
Prepregnancy BMI (kg/m2) 21.45 (19.81–23.53) 21.78 (20.31–24.45) 0.34
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 114.93 ± 11.26 113.49 ± 11.05 0.84
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 68.17 ± 7.73 68.08 ± 10.60 0.76
HbA1c (%) 5.0 (4.9–5.3) 5.1 (4.9–5.3) 0.1
FPG (mmol/L) 4.60 ± 0.34 4.75 ± 0.47 0.01
1 h PG (mmol/L) 7.87 ± 1.71 8.22 ± 1.87 0.16
2 h PG (mmol/L) 6.70 ± 1.31 7.03 ± 1.43 0.35
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.98 (5.61–6.68) 5.76 (5.29–6.66) 0.14
HDL-C (mmol/L) 2.07 ± 0.39 1.83 ± 0.38  < 0.01
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.14 ± 0.76 2.95 ± 1.00 0.04
HOMA-β (%) 124.53 (85.85–164.40) 121.32 (96.58–168.19) 0.29
HOMA-IR 1.23 (0.96–1.71) 1.58 (1.15–2.23)  < 0.01
Neonatal weight (g) 3270.34 ± 428.62 3308.29 ± 407.14 0.08
Preeclampsia(%) 4 (1.80%) 20 (9.10%) 0.015
Adverse Neonatal Outcomes(%) 48 (22.00%) 64 (29.10%) 0.23
Creatinine 53.86 ± 7.84 54.65 ± 6.28 0.07
  1. Data are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range), or n (%). BMI body mass index, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance index, HOMA-β homeostasis model assessment for β cell function, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TG triglyceride, 1hPG 1-h plasma glucose, 2hPG 2-h plasma glucose