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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients and newborns in the validation cohort

From: Extracellular vesicle-associated miRNAs are an adaptive response to gestational diabetes mellitus

  NGT (n = 14) GDM (n = 8) p values
Maternal baseline characteristics
 Age (years) 31.6 ± 5.24 36.9 ± 3.02 0.003
 Race    0.256
 Chinese 1 (5.56%) 0  
 European 8 (44.4%) 8 (88.9%)  
 Indian–Pakistan 3 (16.7%) 0  
 Latin–American 5 (27.8%) 1 (11.1%)  
 Philipina 1 (5.56&) 0  
 Height (cms) 162 ± 6.13 162 ± 3.52 0.929
 Pre-gestational weight (kg) 66.6 ± 13.9 61.7 ± 13.7 0.398
 Pre-gestational BMI 25.3 ± 4.67 23.5 ± 5.46 0.411
Screening and diagnostic results
 Gestational age O´Sullivan test 23.6 ± 3.6 24.4 ± 1.25 0.52
 O’Sullivan test result (mmol/L) 7.0 ± 1.67 9.70 ± 1.88 0.004
 Gestational age at OGTT 26.4 ± 0.55 26.0 ± 0.75 0.266
 Fasting OGTT (mmol/L) 4.38 ± 0.25 4.58 ± 0.53 0.342
 1 h OGTT (mmol/L) 8.22 ± 1.16 11.1 ± 1.15  < 0.001
 2 h OGTT (mmol/L) 6.64 ± 2.14 10.0 ± 1.45 0.005
 3 h OGTT (mmol/L) 5.21 ± 2.01 7.79 ± 1.50 0.016
Delivery data
 Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 39.6 ± 1.2 39.1 (± 1.22) 0.298
 Fetal sex (male/female) 11/7 3/6 0.236
 Birthweight (grams) 3480 ± 148 3154 ± 100 0.208
 Birthweight percentile 47.8 ± 31.4 43.2 (± 25.1) 0.684
Route of delivery 0.363
 Cesarean 6 (33.3%) 1 (11.1%)  
 Vaginal 12 (66.7%) 8 (88.9%)  
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD. All pregnancies were normotensive, and without intrauterine infection or any other medical or obstetrical complications except GDM. In race and route of delivery, (%) is the percentage of the total