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Table 13 Identified scalp stimulation targets for compulsive disorder

From: Potential scalp stimulation targets for mental disorders: evidence from neuroimaging studies

Cluster ID Cluster size Peak T Peak coordinates Brain regions 10–20 EEG system locations Acupoint locations Functions
x y z
CD-1 1544 10.26 − 54 10 18 L IFG/TriIFG/OperIFG/MFG/PreCG/PoCG/RO 2 cm posterior and superior to F7 0.1 cun superior to GB 6 Semantic tasks, hand movements, theory of mind (the ability to understand the mental state of others through observation, inferring, and projecting)
CD-2 153 7.62 − 54 − 2 − 16 L MTG/STG/ITG/STP 2 cm anterior and inferior to T3 0.6 cun anterior and inferior to GB 7 Selective processing of text and speech, semantic processing, word/sentence generation, deductive reasoning, observation of motion, attribution of intentions to other, deductive reasoning
CD-3 149 6.75 − 62 − 14 6 L STG/PreCG/PoCG/RO 0.5 cm posterior and superior to T3 0.1 cun superior to GB 7 Performing basic and higher functions in hearing
CD-4 846 9.38 − 64 − 34 4 L MTG/STG/ITG/IPL/SMG/MOG/IOG 2 cm anterior to T5 SJ 20 Selective processing of text and speech, semantic processing, word/sentence generation, deductive reasoning, processing complex sounds, attribution of intentions to other, deductive reasoning
CD-5 71 6.75 − 30 − 72 44 L SPL/IPL/PCu/MOG/AG 1 cm posterior to P3 0.3 cun posterior to GB 18 Sentence generation, reading, calculation, arithmetic learning, abstract coding of numerical magnitude, spatial focusing of attention, performing verbal creative tasks, theory of mind, executive control of behavior
CD-6 320 7.62 − 2 14 52 L MedFG/SupMFG/SFG/SMA Fz 0.3 cun anterior to GV 22 Motor sequencing/planning/learning/imagery, speech motor programming, working memory, episodic long-term memory, attention, planning/solving novel problems, processing emotions and self-reflections in decision making
CD-7 79 6.75 54 28 22 R MFG/IFG/TriIFG 1 cm posterior and inferior to F4 0.1 cun posterior and superior to GB 4 Attributing intention, theory of mind, suppressing sadness, working memory, spatial memory, recognition, recall, recognizing the emotions of others, planning, calculation, attention to positive emotions
CD-8 285 7.62 62 − 34 0 R STG/MTG 0.5 cm posterior to T4 Midpoint of GB 7 and SJ 20 Prosodic integration, observation of motion, processing complex sounds, attribution of intentions to others
  1. CD, compulsive disorder; L, left; R, right; SFG, superior frontal gyrus; MFG, middle frontal gyrus; IFG, inferior frontal gyrus; TriIFG, triangular inferior frontal gyrus; OperIFG, opercular inferior frontal gyrus; SupMFG, superior medial frontal gyrus; MedFG, medial frontal gyrus; STG, superior temporal gyrus; MTG, middle temporal gyrus; ITG, inferior temporal gyrus; STP, superior temporal pole; SPL, superior parietal lobule; IPL, inferior parietal lobule; SMG, supramarginal gyrus; AG, angular gyrus; PreCG, precentral gyrus; PoCG, postcentral gyrus; PCu, precuneus; SMA, supplementary motor area; RO, Rolandic operculum; MOG, middle occipital gyrus; IOG, inferior occipital gyrus; cm, centimeter; cun, Chinese inches, 1 cun is about 3.33 cm; GB 4, Hanyan; GB 6, Xuanli; GB 7, Qubin; GB 18, Chengling; SJ 20, Jiaosun; GV 22 Xinhui