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Table 2 Gut or brain miRNA modulated by gut microbiota/microbial products and their function

From: Extracellular vesicle-derived miRNA as a novel regulatory system for bi-directional communication in gut-brain-microbiota axis

miRNA Cell /tissue/organ Function References
miR10-a Dendritic Cell Innate immune responses [37]
miR-21-5p Intestinal epithelial cells Intestinal epithelial barrier [38]
miR-30c,miR-130A Enterocyte Autophagy response [39]
miR-203, miR-483-3, miR-595 Intestinal epithelial cells Intestinal epithelial barrier [40]
miR -423-5p Intestinal epithelial cells Immune responses [41]
miR-155, miR-223 Colon Intestinal epithelial barrier [42]
miR-146a Intestinal epithelial and monocytic Cells Intestinal inflammation [43]
miR-294-5p Hippocampus Kynurenine metabolism [45]
miR-9, miR-34a, miR-125b, miR-146a, miR-155 Neuronal-glial cells Inflammatory neurodegeneration [47]