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Table 2 Comparison of clinical and biochemical parameters between the intervention group and control group after the intervention

From: The effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on clinical and biochemical parameters of critically ill patients with COVID-19: a randomized clinical trial

Factors Intervention group mean (SE) Control group mean (SE) Group timea
After After F P
Blood sugar (mg/mL) 152.41 (8.71) 142.27 (5.35) 0.16 0.69
Na (mEq/L) 139.32 (1.74) 140.99 (1.08) 1.25 0.27
K (mEq/L) 4.00 (0.1) 4.14 (0.06) 10.15 0.01
BUN (mg/mL) 35.17 (4.10) 43.19 (2.50) 4.76 0.03
Cr (mg/mL) 1.29 (0.24) 1.68 (0.15) 5.90 0.02
Alb (g/dL) 3.35 (0.39) 2.88 (0.26) 0.59 0.45
Hct (%) 29.65 (0.66) 29.84 (0.43) 0.08 0.77
Ca (mg/dL) 7.65 (0.12) 7.88 (0.72) 0.27 0.61
P (mg/dL) 3.33 (0.19) 3.12 (0.12) 0.80 0.78
MAP (mmHg) 74.42 (1.74) 69.72 (1.06) 3.25 0.08
O2 sat. (%) 80.73 (1.80) 75.50 (1.11) 0.13 0.72
Arterial pH 7.30 (0.01) 7.26 (0.01) 19.11 0.01
PO2 (mmHg) 67.72 (3.97) 61.40 (2.58) 0.00 0.96
PCO2 (mmHg) 43.53 (2.03) 44.26 (1.25) 1.55 0.22
HCO3 (mEq/L) 22.00 (1.19) 18.17 (0.73) 10.83 0.01
Be (mEq/L) − 3.59 (1.05) − 7.09 (0.65) 23.01 0.01
WBC (106/L) 20.47 (3.83) 13.57 (2.35) 0.36 0.55
Neutrophil (106/L) 86.76 (0.94) 87.29 (0.85) 2.00 0.17
Lymphocyte (106/L) 11.59 (0.81) 11.80 (0.73) 4.08 0.05
Monocyte (106/L) 1.67 (0.28) 2.16 (0.42) 0.03 0.87
GCS 7.90 (0.20) 7.49 (0.12) 6.07 0.05
Hb (g/dL) 9.50 (0.26) 9.68 (0.16) 1.60 0.21
Plt 187.91 (16.18) 162.49 (9.69) 1.11 0.30
Ptt (second) 43.07 (2.52) 44.14 (1.55) 1.81 0.18
Urine volume (mL) 2101 (884) 1877.02 (917) 12.26 0.01
  1. sBMI  body mass index, APACHE II  acute physiologic assessment and chronic health evaluation II, Na  sodium, K  potassium, BUN  blood urea nitrogen, Cr  creatinine, Alb  albumin, HCT  hematocrit, Ca  calcium, P phosphorus, MAP  mean arterial pressure, O2 sat.  oxygen saturation, pH  potential hydrogen, PO2  partial pressure of oxygen, PCO2  partial pressure of carbon dioxide, HCO3  bicarbonate, Be  base excess, WBC  white blood cell, GCS  glasgow coma score, Hb  hemoglobin, Plt  platelet, Ptt  partial thromboplastin time (test)
  2. aRepeated measure ANOVA