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Table 5 Cardiometabolic risk variables before and after the intervention

From: Low-volume high-intensity interval training improves cardiometabolic health, work ability and well-being in severely obese individuals: a randomized-controlled trial sub-study

Variable HIIT group (n = 30) Control group (n = 19) ANOVA P-value
Baseline Post Baseline Post Time Group Group × time
Systolic BP (mmHg) 147 ± 17 135 ± 15*** 137 ± 11 136 ± 12 0.001 0.259 0.006
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 96 ± 10 86 ± 10*** 90 ± 9 87 ± 10 < 0.001 0.378 0.009
MAB (mmHg) 113 ± 11 102 ± 11*** 106 ± 9 103 ± 10 < 0.001 0.281 0.002
Glucose (mg/dL) 101 ± 18 102 ± 12 99 ± 18 95 ± 16 0.345 0.842 0.242
HbA1c (%) 5.6 ± 0.4 5.5 ± 0.4 5.5 ± 0.4 5.4 ± 0.4 0.045 0.121 0.648
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 137 ± 57 131 ± 49 134 ± 67 124 ± 57 0.330 0.578 0.696
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 219 ± 36 213 ± 36 223 ± 48 215 ± 42 0.124 0.783 0.780
HDL-C (mg/dL) 47 ± 10 48 ± 11 55 ± 14 55 ± 14 0.973 0.033 0.605
LDL-C (mg/dL) 148 ± 30 141 ± 30 145 ± 38 141 ± 33 0.157 0.756 0.863
LDL/HDL ratio 3.2 ± 0.9 3.0 ± 0.8 2.8 ± 0.8 2.7 ± 0.7 0.092 0.058 0.521
  1. HIIT High-intensity interval training group, CON control group, BP blood pressure, MAB mean arterial blood pressure, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. * P < 0.05, *** P < 0.001 significant within-group difference between baseline and post-intervention