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Table 2 The Committee’s Ten Rules of credible practice of modeling and simulation in healthcare

From: Credible practice of modeling and simulation in healthcare: ten rules from a multidisciplinary perspective

Rule   Description
1. Define context clearly Develop and document the subject, purpose, and intended use(s) of the model or simulation
2. Use contextually appropriate data Employ relevant and traceable information in the development or operation of a model or simulation
3. Evaluate within context Perform verification, validation, uncertainty quantification, and sensitivity analysis of the model or simulation with respect to the reality of interest and intended use(s) of the model or simulation
4. List limitations explicitly Provide restrictions, constraints, or qualifications for or on the use of the model or simulation for consideration by the users or customers of a model or simulation
5. Use version control Implement a system to trace the time history of modeling and simulation activities including delineation of each contributors’ efforts
6. Document appropriately Maintain up-to-date informative records of all modeling and simulation activities, including simulation code, model mark-up, scope and intended use of modeling and simulation activities, as well as users’ and developers’ guides
7. Disseminate broadly Share all components of modeling and simulation activities, including simulation software, models, simulation scenarios and results
8. Get independent reviews Have the modeling and simulation activity reviewed by nonpartisan third-party users and developers
9. Test competing implementations Use contrasting modeling and simulation implementation strategies to check the conclusions of different strategies against each other
10. Conform to standards Adopt and promote generally applicable and discipline specific operating procedures, guidelines, and regulations accepted as best practices