Skip to main content

Table 5 Binary logistic regression analysis of clinicopathological characteristics of patients admitted who had COVID-19 PCR + (n = 122)

From: Prognostic factors in patients admitted to an urban teaching hospital with COVID-19 infection

  Alive (n = 83) Dead (n = 39) p-value O.R 95%CI p-value
Age (< / ≥ 70 years) 53/30 12/27  < 0.001 4.7 2.0–11.3 0.001
Sex (male/female) 39/44 16/23 0.219    
BMI (< 20; ≥ 20–29; ≥ 30 kg/m2) 5/37/41 3/18/18 0.798    
SIMD (1 (least)–6 (most) deprived) 9/1/16/10/21/37 4/0/9/6/2/21 0.959    
Ethnicity (1–5) 79/0/3/1/0 37/0/0/0/2 0.441    
Living circumstances (0–3) 72/8/2/1 30/0/7/2 0.027    
Past Medical History
 Hypertension (y/n) 33/50 20/19 0.233 0.765
 Heart failure (y/n) 4/79 7/32 0.019 4.4 1.1–18.6 0.042
 T1DM (y/n) 1/82 0/39 0.493    
 T2DM (y/n) 22/61 10/29 0.920    
 Chronic renal failure (y/n) 9/74 8/31 0.152    
 Cognitive impairment (y/n) 8/75 12/27 0.003    
 Previous delirium (y/n) 3/80 10/28  < 0.001    
 Frailty score (≤ / > 3) 53/30 8/31  < 0.001    
 COPD (y/n) 11/72 11/28 0.046 0.279
 Smoker 41/35/7 16/22/1 0.833    
 Alcohol excess (y/n) 5/78 5/34 0.204    
 Liver disease (y/n) 6/77 2/37 0.663    
 Hep C (never/previous/active) 82/0/1 39/0/0 0.493    
 Active cancer (y/n) 4/79 1/38 0.560    
Diagnostic criteria
 CXR negative/positive 38/45 22/16 0.218    
Physiology at presentation
 NEWS (≤ / > 4) 36/46 10/29 0.054 0.146
 Delirium (y/n) 6/77 10/27 0.003    
Laboratory results at presentation
 poGPS (0/1/2) 63/16/2 24/11/3 0.063 2.4 1.1–5.1 0.027
 NLR (< 3/ 3–5 / ≥ 5) 21/23/38 5/6/28 0.015 0.144
 Hb (≥ / < 12.0 g/dL) 65/17 28/10 0.497    
 MCV (≤ / > 99 fl) 75/7 30/9 0.028 0.235
 Hct (male ≥ / < 0.40) (female ≥ / < 0.37) L/L 59/23 23/16 0.155    
 Platelets (< 150/ ≥ 150- < 450/ ≥ 450 × 109) 14/67/0 9/30/1 0.452    
 Sodium (≤ 133 /134 -145/ ≥ 146 mmol/L) 10/71/2 5/31/3 0.240    
 Potassium (< 3.5/ ≥ 3.5 – ≤ 5.3/ > 53 mmol/L) 5/73/0 3/27/0 0.525    
 Mg (≥ / < 0.75 mmol/L) 12/3 4/2 0.527    
 Urea (≤ / > 7.0 mmol/L) 57/26 17/22 0.008    
 Creatinine (≤ / > 130 umol/L) 76/7 34/5 0.450    
 AST (≤ / > 40 IU) 48/26 21/28 0.466    
 ALT (≤ / > 56 IU) 69/12 33/5 0.810    
 ALP (≤ / > 150 IU) 75/6 37/1 0.304    
 Bilirubin (≤ / > 17 mmol/L) 78/3 35/3 0.332    
 Glucose (≤ / > 7 mmol/L) 40/27 18/12 0.978    
 Lactate (< / ≥ 2 mmol/L) 24/6 13/7 0.241    
 HCO3 (≥ / < 22 mmol/L) 16/4 9/3 0.744    
 PT (≤ / > 13 s) 53/16 19/11 0.169    
 APPT (≤ / > 38 s) 67/3 3/26 0.253    
  1. Living circumstances: 0 = independent, 1 = sheltered accommodation, 2 = care home, 3 = nursing home
  2. Ethnicity: White = 1, Mixed = 2, Asian = 3, Black = 4, Other ethnic groups = 5
  3. poGPS peri-operative Glasgow prognostic score, NLR neutrophil lymphocyte ratio