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Table 3 Positive answers to MEDAS questionnaire and adherence to the MD

From: Eating habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 lockdown: an Italian survey

 Whole sample (n = 3533)Northern Italy (n = 547)Center Italy (n = 2009)Southern Italy and Islands (n = 977)
Olive oil, main dressing3368 (95.8)518 (94.7)1940 (96.6)928 (95.0)
Olive oil, >= 4 ts/day1827 (51.7)257 (47.0)1076 (53.6)494 (50.6)
Vegetables, >= 2 s/day2430 (68.8)398 (72.8)1396 (69.5)636 (65.1)
Fruits, >= 3 s/day1202 (34.0)180 (32.9)666 (33.2)356 (36.4)
Read meat, < 1 s/day1854 (52.5)307 (56.1)1039 (51.7)508 (52.0)
Butter, < 1 s/day1668 (47.2)301 (55.0)888 (44.2)479 (49.0)
Sweet beverage, < 1 s/day1676 (47.4)293 (53.6)916 (45.6)467 (47.8)
Wine, 7 s/week396 (11.2)60 (11.0)245 (12.2)91 (9.3)
Legumes, >=3 s/week1826 (51.7)267 (48.8)966 (48.1)593 (60.7)
Fish and seafood, >= 3 s/week1376 (38.9)198 (36.2)750 (37.3)428 (43.8)
Sweets, < 3 s/week1753 (49.6)280 (51.2)970 (48.3)503 (51.5)
Nuts, >= 3/week1675 (47.4)281 (51.4)909 (45.2)485 (49.6)
White meat over red2653 (75.1)427 (78.1)1515 (75.4)711 (72.8)
“Soffritto”1890 (53.5)309 (56.5)1067 (53.1)514 (52.6)
MEDAS score7 [6–9]*7 [6–9]7 [6–9]7 [6–9]
Adherence to the MD
 Low765 (21.7)108 (19.7)463 (23.0)194 (19.9)
 Medium2228 (63.1)344 (62.9)1261 (62.8)623 (63.8)
 High540 (15.3)95 (17.4)285 (14.2)160 (16.4)
  1. Positive answers to MEDAS questionnaire. Compliance rates of at least 50% are indicated in italics. Data are expressed as number and percentage in parenthesis (n (%)) for categorical variables or median and IQR in square brackets (M [IQR]) for continuous variables. Vegetables daily serving: 1 medium portion = 200 g. Fruit daily serving: 1 serving = 100–150 g portion. Red meat/hamburgers/other meat daily serving: 1 medium portion = 100–150 g. Butter, margarine or cream daily serving: 1 medium portion = 12 g. Sweet or sugar sweetened carbonated beverages daily serving: 1 medium portion = 200 ml. Wine daily serving: 1 medium portion = 125 ml. Legumes weekly serving: 1 portion = 150 g. Fish daily serving: 1 medium portion = 100–150 g. Seafood daily serving: 1 medium portion = 200 g. Nuts weekly serving: 1 portion of dairy product = 30 g
  2. MEDAS Mediterranean diet adherence screener; MD Mediterranean diet; s serving; ts tablespoon
  3. *The Shapiro–Wilk test was performed to evaluate variables distribution. Variables are considered non-normally distributed for p < 0.05