Skip to main content

Table 6 Comparisons of different diagnostic techniques

From: A meta-analysis on the prevalence, associated factors and diagnostic methods of mental stress induced myocardial ischemia

No. First author Publication data Sample
size
Mental stress First DT MSIMI Second DT MSIMI Combined techniques ROC curve
1 Burg 2009 68 Ager recall SPECT 22 (32.35%) PAT 29 (42.65%) 13 (19.12%) AUC: 0.613 (SE, 0.065, one-sided P = 0.04)
2 Carels 1999 136 Mental arithmetic Public speaking
Mirror tracing
Reading
Type A structured interview
RNV 45 (33.09%) Ambulatory ECG 60 (44.12%) 26 (19.2%)
3 Hassan 2009 211 Public speaking SPECT 34 (16.11%) PAT AUC: 0.59; 95% CI 0.48–0.69, P = 0.116
4 Krantz 1999 79 Mental arithmetic public speech RNV 44 (55.7%) Echocardiography 45 (57%)
  1. ECG electrocardiogram, SPECT single photon emission computed tomography, RNV radionuclide ventriculography, PAT peripheral arterial tonometry