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Table 3 Metabolic biomarkers before and after 12 weeks of KD

From: Effects of a ketogenic diet in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome

  Pre Post P value
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.10 ± 0.25 4.64 ± 0.24 < 0.0001
Insulin (μU/mL) 12.62 ± 0.48 11.31 ± 0.60 < 0.0001
HOMA-IR 2.85 ± 0.15 2.32 ± 0.13 < 0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 2.31 ± 0.40 1.87 ± 0.27 < 0.0008
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.36 ± 0.36 4.72 ± 0.33 < 0.0001
LDL (mmol/L) 3.11 ± 0.60 2.33 ± 0.17 < 0.0001
HDL (mmol/L) 1.79 ± 0.41 2.02 ± 0.43 = 0.0146
  1. Standard deviation is reported
  2. LDL low density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein