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Table 2 Anthropometric measurements and laboratory assessment to be monitored during the VLCKD

From: The management of very low-calorie ketogenic diet in obesity outpatient clinic: a practical guide

  Parameters Baseline During active stages At the end of VLCKD
Anthropometric assessment Weight, height, BMI
Body composition and hydration status (by bioelectrical impedance analysis)
Laboratory assessment Complete blood count with platelets
Sodium, potassium, magnesium, and inorganic phosphate
Serum liver and kidney tests (including albumin, AST, ALT, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, γ-GT, total and direct bilirubin)
Fasting lipid profile  
25(OH)D, calcium  
Glucose, Insulin  
β-Hydroxybutyrate (capillary blood or urine)    
TSH, FT4   
Complete urinalysis and microalbuminuria (urine)
  1. BMI body mass index, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine transaminase, γGT γ-glutamyltransferase, 25(OH)D 25-hydroxy vitamin D, TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone, FT4 free thyroxine