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Table 2 Presence of pathogenic bacteria (pathobionts) in CD or UC patients

From: Integrating omics for a better understanding of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a step towards personalized medicine

Phylum Family/species Disease References
Proteobacteria Campylobacter concisus CD/UC [87]
Invasive Escherichia coli CD [86, 89]
Pseudomonas spp. CD [104]
Helicobacter spp. CD [146]
Desulfovibrio spp. UC [88]
Actinobacteria Atopobium parvulum CD [107]
Collinsella spp. UC [119]
Mycobacterium avium spp. CD [106]
Pasteurellaceae CD [106]
Firmicutes Clostridium difficile CD/UC [117]
Ruminococcus gnavus CD/UC [110]
Veillonellaceae CD [119, 120]
Streptococcus spp. CD/UC [119]
Fusobacteria Fucobacterium spp. CD [108]
Ascomycota Clavispora lusitaniae CD [118, 128]
Kluyveromyces marxianus CD [118]
Candida albicans CD [118, 129]
Saccharomyces cerevisiae   [118]
Cyberlindnera jadinii CD [124]
Bacteriophage Caudovirales CD [130, 131]