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Table 2 Presence of pathogenic bacteria (pathobionts) in CD or UC patients

From: Integrating omics for a better understanding of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a step towards personalized medicine

PhylumFamily/speciesDiseaseReferences
ProteobacteriaCampylobacter concisusCD/UC[87]
Invasive Escherichia coliCD[86, 89]
Pseudomonas spp.CD[104]
Helicobacter spp.CD[146]
Desulfovibrio spp.UC[88]
ActinobacteriaAtopobium parvulumCD[107]
Collinsella spp.UC[119]
Mycobacterium avium spp.CD[106]
PasteurellaceaeCD[106]
FirmicutesClostridium difficileCD/UC[117]
Ruminococcus gnavusCD/UC[110]
VeillonellaceaeCD[119, 120]
Streptococcus spp.CD/UC[119]
FusobacteriaFucobacterium spp.CD[108]
AscomycotaClavispora lusitaniaeCD[118, 128]
Kluyveromyces marxianusCD[118]
Candida albicansCD[118, 129]
Saccharomyces cerevisiae [118]
Cyberlindnera jadiniiCD[124]
BacteriophageCaudoviralesCD[130, 131]