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Table 1 Patients’ baseline demographic and clinical characteristic

From: The homing of bone marrow stem cells is differentially activated in ischemic and valvular heart diseases and influenced by beta-blockers

Characteristics IHD (n = 41) VHD (n = 29) P
Age (years) 57.95 ± 7.57 58.52 ± 11.09 0.800
Male (%) 35 (85.4) 20 (69.0) 0.177
Cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities (%)
 Hypertension 35 (85.4) 22 (76.8) 0.487
 Smoking 19 (46.3) 9 (31.0) 0.298
 Diabetes mellitus 17 (41.4) 12 (41.3) 1.000
 Dyslipidemia 13 (31.7) 5 (17.2) 0.277
 Heart failure 6 (14.6) 8 (27.5) 0.302
 Angina 21 (51.2) 5 (17.2) 0.008*
 Coronary artery disease 10 (24.4) 3 (10.3) 0.239
 LVEF (%) 63 ± 12 60 ± 14 0.839
  1. Age (years) described in mean and standard deviation, t test. Other variables described by percentage (%), Chi square test. The control subjects (n = 9) had a mean age of 35 ± 15 years, which 22% were male and did not manifest the risk factors mentioned
  2. IHD ischemic heart disease, VHD valvular heart disease, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction
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