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Table 1 General, anthropometric and biochemical characteristics of type 2 diabetic patients classified according to the presence of altered SWM test

From: Altered Semmes–Weinstein monofilament test results are associated with oxidative stress markers in type 2 diabetic subjects

  T2DM with altered SWM test (n = 34) T2DM without altered SWM test (n = 36)
Age (years) 68.97 ± 7.99 69.11 ± 11.65
Gender (M/F) 13/21 11/25
Smoking habit n (%)
 No 30 (88) 27 (80)
 Yes 4 (12) 9 (20)
BMI (kg/m2) 30.61 ± 4.78 32.1 ± 5.86
Waist circumference (cm) 107.01 ± 9.86 108.84 ± 12.86
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 152.15 ± 20.53 147.03 ± 18.12
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80.68 ± 12.92 85.92 ± 11.96
TC (mg/dl) 192.38 ± 37.42 187.77 ± 45.29
TG (mg/dl) 155.74 ± 70.59 146.49 ± 89.49
HDLc (mg/dl) 48.88 ± 11.81 47.66 ± 11.45
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 165.59 ± 48.16 159.49 ± 52.1
HbA1c (%) 7.98 ± 1.57 7.41 ± 1.55
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.0 ± 0.36 0.92 ± 0.38
GFR (ml/min/1.72 m2) 85.6 ± 35.1 86.3 ± 56.22
Duration of diabetes (years) 13.75 ± 11.06 10.03 ± 9.38
Prevalence of coronary heart disease n (%) 8 (23) 7 (20)
Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy n (%) 13 (39)* 5 (13)
Prevalence of hypertension—n (%) 26 (76) 23 (63)
Prevalence of dyslipidemia—n (%) 24 (70) 28 (77)
ABI 0.85 ± 0.16 0.87 ± 0.17
Diabetic treatment
 Oral agents—n (%) 16 (46) 30 (84)*
 Insulin—n (%) 9 (26) 2 (5)
 Both—n (%) 9 (26) 4 (11)
  1. All values are indicated as mean ± standard deviation (SD)
  2. T2DM type 2 diabetic subjects, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, HDLc high density lipoprotein cholesterol, GFR glomerular filtration rate (calculated by MDRA), ABI ankle brachial index, SWM Semmes–Weinstein monofilament test
  3. * p < 0.05