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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients with ischemic (IHD) or non-ischemic valvular heart disease (VHD)

From: Mesenchymal stem cells from sternum: the type of heart disease, ischemic or valvular, does not influence the cell culture establishment and growth kinetics

Variables IHD (n = 42) VHD (n = 20) p
Age (years) 59.30 ± 6.61 62.35 ± 8.82 0.135
Male 37 (88.1) 13 (65.0) 0.043
Hypertension 34 (81.0) 14 (70.0) 0.349
Diabetes mellitus 13 (31.0) 3 (15.0) 0.226
Smoking 30 (71.4) 10 (50.0) 0.155
Dyslipidemia 6 (14.3) 3 (15.0) 1.000
Medications in use
 Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor 26 (61.9) 13 (65.0) 1.000
 Statins 28 (66.7) 7 (36.8) 0.049
 Antiplatelet drugs 30 (71.4) 7 (35.0) 0.012
 Diuretics 6 (14.3) 12 (60.0) 0.001
 Insulin 1 (2.4) 1 (5.0) 0.545
 Beta-blockers 30 (71.4) 6 (30.0) 0.002
  1. Age described as mean ± standard deviation; other variables as n and percentage (%)
  2. IHD ischemic heart disease, VHD non-ischemic valvular heart disease
  3. Statistical analysis by Fisher’s exact test (α = 5%)