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Table 2 Intent-to-treat analysis of IDF criteria for MetS characteristics and body composition at baseline and changes after 12 weeks

From: Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults: a randomized clinical trial

  Groups From baseline to 12-week, mean (95% CI) MCT effect P value (ES) HIT effect P value (ES) Time x group P value
Baseline Follow-up Whiting-group changed Between-group difference in change
MCT (n = 9) HIT (n = 11) MCT (n = 9) HIT (n = 11) MCT (n = 9) HIT (n = 11)
MetS Z-score 0.668 (1.856) −2.351 (2.384)a −0.878 (1.998) −1.102 (2.344) 1.546 (1.575) −1.249 (1.629) −2.795 (1.276 to 4.311) 0.009 (0.82) 0.015 (0.55) 0.001
Average risk factors per subject 0.244 (0.260) 0.164 (0.121) 0.111 (0.105) 0.182 (0.140) −0.133 (0.200) 0.018 (0.108) −0.152 (−0.294 to 0.004) 0.040 (0.67) 0.294 (0.14) 0.227
Waist circumference (cm) 81.9 (12.2) 75.4 (7.6) 79.5 (10.6) 75.7 (8.3) −1.7 (3.0) 0.3 (2.6) −2.1 (−4.7 to 0.5) 0.006 (0.27) 0.085 (0.04) 0.672
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 170.1 (41.8) 159.4 (47.4) 153.1 (29.0) 146.6 (26.1) −17 (37.4) −12,7 (33.9) −4.3 (−38.8 to 30.2) 0.102 (0.50) 0.211 (0.35) 0.452
High-density lipoprotein (mg/dL) 43.0 (14.1) 46.9 (9.6) 42.1 (9.5) 46.1 (14.1) −0,8 (6.8) −0.8 (10.4) −0.1 (−8.6 to 8.5) 0.074 (0.17) 0.422 (0.07) 0.455
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 134.1 (82.2) 100.4 (36.8) 110.2 (40.1) 92.3 (45.0) −23.8 (65.1) −8.0 (30.9) −15.8 (−70.5 to 38.9) 0.012 (0.39) 0.387 (0.20) 0.455
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 82.3 (13.7) 78.3 (5.6) 85.9 (6.4) 80.2 (7.6) 3.5 (14.7) 1.9 (5.8) 1.6 (−8.5 to 11.8) 0.039 (0.19) 0.001 (0.29) 0.078
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 116.8 (5.1) 116.2 (6.5) 113.0 (7.6) 112.5 (9.1) −3.8 (7.6) −3.7 (6.5) −0.2 (−6.8 to 6.5) 0.222 (0.63) 0.283 (0.49) 0.906
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 72.3 (7.0) 71.0 (8.7) 67.8 (9.4) 67.0 (10.3) −4.4 (8.5) −4.0 (6.8) −0.4 (−7.7 to 6.8) 0.274 (0.57) 0.339 (0.44) 0.960
Mean blood pressure (mmHg) 87.3 (6.0) 86.0 (7.6) 82.8 (7.8) 82.0 (9.2) −4.4 (7.6) −3.9 (5.4) −0.6 (−6.8 to 5.6) 0.060 (0.68) 0.019 (0.24) 0.840
Weight (kg) 69.3 (15.3) 66.8 (10.9) 68.6 (13.5) 66.7 (10.5) −0.6 (1.9) −0.1 (1.6) −0.5 (−2.2 to 1.2) 0.179 (0.05) 0.353 (0.01) 0.451
BMI (kg/m2) 23.6 (3.6) 25.5 (4.2) 23.4 (3.0) 24.4 (4.2) 0.2 (0.7) 1.1 (3.2) −0.9 (−1.4 to 3.3) 0.190 (0.06) 0.130 (0.275) 0.879
Lean mass (kg) 27.4 (7.2) 30.0 (11.5) 27.4 (6.5) 31.2 (12.1) 0.0 (0.8) 1.1 (1.5) −1.1 (−2.3 to 0.1) 0.500 (0.01) 0.010 (0.10) 0.048
Body fat (%) 24.0 (5.9) 21.1 (3.5) 24.2 (5.1) 22.0 (3.6) 0.1 (0.8) 0.9 (0.0) 0.8 (0.3 to 1.3) 0.363 (0.03) 0.032 (0.26) 0.292
  1. SD data in mean, BMI body mass index
  2. aDifference between groups at baseline