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Table 8 Effects of special diets on gut microbiota

From: Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health

Diet Food constituents Total bacteria Bifidobacteria Lactobacilli Prevotella Eubacteria Roseburia Bacteroides Enterobacteria References
Western High animal fat/protein     [26, 29, 48]
Mediterranean High fiber/antioxidants/UFA low red meat   [41, 129, 192]
Gluten-free No gluten   [125, 126, 193195]
  1. UFA unsaturated fatty acids