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Table 10 Effects of dietary components on metabolic parameters

From: Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health

 

Total chol

LDL-chol

HDL-chol

Plasma TG

Insulin sensitivity

IGF-1 production

References

Prebiotics

 

 

[73, 83, 84]

Probiotics

 

[104]

Polyphenols

  

  

[110, 117, 122]

Unsaturated fat

    

[41]

Saturated fat

    

 

[5153]

Animal protein

     

[42]

Artificial sweeteners

    

 

[59]

  1. Chol cholesterol, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, TG triglycerides, IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor-1