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Table 10 Effects of dietary components on metabolic parameters

From: Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health

  Total chol LDL-chol HDL-chol Plasma TG Insulin sensitivity IGF-1 production References
Prebiotics     [73, 83, 84]
Probiotics   [104]
Polyphenols       [110, 117, 122]
Unsaturated fat      [41]
Saturated fat        [5153]
Animal protein       [42]
Artificial sweeteners        [59]
  1. Chol cholesterol, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, TG triglycerides, IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor-1